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# In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter

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Director
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05 Jul 2007, 18:40
A & B are irrelevant.
D actually gives evidence that most accident happens because you can not control your sleds.
I did not see relevance in E either.
I like C. Just because plastice sleds can be used in varied snow conditions which may means it can be used in harsher environment than wooden ones. So, more risk may have resulted in more accidents
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06 Jul 2007, 13:27
I will go with E
Not on the basis that it says that wooden sleds are dangerous.
Only because it provides alternative scenarios which suggests that increase in the number of casualties doesnt mean the actual number of accidents are increasing. There is a possibilty that plastic sleds are capable of carrying far more number of riders compared to wooden sleds and thus less number of accidents on plastic sleds can result in more casualties.

~sara
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06 Jul 2007, 14:32
I go with C
if plastic sleds can be used in much wider variety of snow conditions so it is not that plastic sleds are more dangereous than wooden ones but it is that plastic ones are just more used.
so the driving factor for injuries(and so danger) shift from the plastic sled per se to the frequency of use.
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06 Jul 2007, 17:25
boubi wrote:
I go with C
if plastic sleds can be used in much wider variety of snow conditions so it is not that plastic sleds are more dangereous than wooden ones but it is that plastic ones are just more used.
so the driving factor for injuries(and so danger) shift from the plastic sled per se to the frequency of use.

yes C
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06 Jul 2007, 17:44
C.

If there is more sledding taking place, then the number would if fact rise.
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06 Jul 2007, 18:55
thanks guys
OA is C
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23 May 2008, 13:02
AK wrote:
In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in Verland used wooden sleds with runners and steering bars. Ten years ago, smooth plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are harder to steer and slow. The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous is clearly borne out by the fact that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was ten years ago.
Which of the following, if true in Verland, most seriously undermines the force of the evidence cited?

A. A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.

B. Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding.

C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.

D. Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled.

E. Because the traditional wooden sled can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.

C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.

Implies that children can now sled even in conditions in which they could not earlier sled using the wooden sled.

C undermines the argument by providing an explanation for the increase in the number of accidents.

According to the argument plastic sleds are more dangerous than the wooden ones. Doesn't C strengthen the statement?
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25 May 2008, 03:23
E looks pretty good.
AK wrote:
In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in Verland used wooden sleds with runners and steering bars. Ten years ago, smooth plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are harder to steer and slow. The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous [conclusion] is clearly borne out by the fact that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was ten years ago.
Which of the following, if true in Verland, most seriously undermines the force of the evidence cited?

A. A few children still use traditional wooden sleds. <-- strengthens the argument

B. Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding. <-- this is applicable to both sleds. The conclusion is "plastic sleds are MORE dangerous"

C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can. <--strengthens the arguement

D. Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled. <-- strengthens the argument

E. Because the traditional wooden sled can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.
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25 May 2008, 14:25
bsd_lover wrote:
E looks pretty good.
AK wrote:
In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in Verland used wooden sleds with runners and steering bars. Ten years ago, smooth plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are harder to steer and slow. The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous [conclusion] is clearly borne out by the fact that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was ten years ago.
Which of the following, if true in Verland, most seriously undermines the force of the evidence cited?

A. A few children still use traditional wooden sleds. <-- strengthens the argument

B. Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding. <-- this is applicable to both sleds. The conclusion is "plastic sleds are MORE dangerous"

C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can. <--strengthens the arguement

D. Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled. <-- strengthens the argument

E. Because the traditional wooden sled can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.

I agree with teh above explanation. But the OA I have this question is C> Thats the reason I was trying tro undertsand Prasad's reasoning.
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25 May 2008, 15:27
C

it undermines the evidence of the plastic sled is more dangerous by citing there are more usage of plastic sled, thus lead to more accident.
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26 May 2008, 06:22
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Ok I get it now.

According to the argument -"plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are harder to steer and slow. The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous"
To summarize, plastic sleds are dangerous becuase they are faster than wooden sleds and hence are more dangerous.

Now we need an answer choice that undermines the force of the evidence cited. Meaning we need an alternate reason to explain why Plastic sleds are dangerous than the wooden sleds.
C explains it best.

Let us see why others are not good choices.

A,B,D,E- doesnot explain why plastic sleds are dangerous
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26 May 2008, 07:11
goalsnr wrote:
In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in Verland used wooden sleds with runners and steering bars. Ten years ago, smooth plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are harder to steer and slow. The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous is clearly borne out by the fact that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was ten years ago.
Which of the following, if true in Verland, most seriously undermines the force of the evidence cited?

A. A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.

B. Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding.

C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.

D. Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled.

E. Because the traditional wooden sled can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.
[/quote]

C infers that more kids are sledding because plastic sleds are used in a variety of snow conditions, thus injuries will increase.

Other answers do not explain why plastic sleds are more dangerous.
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26 May 2008, 16:16

The argument is "Plastic sledges are more dangerous than wooden sledges"
The evidence : More number of accidents in the prior year when compared to 10 years ago.

The question is which of the options undermines the evidence.

How can C be the answer?
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21 Sep 2008, 13:49
IMO C

The question asks for which of the following most weakens the statement above.

A. A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.
strengthens. Is some children still uses the wooden sleds it means they were better.
B. Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding.
Weakens. Hold it
C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.
Weakens. Hold it
D. Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled.
Irrelevant as this can be true for both wooden and plastic ones
E. Because the traditional wooden sled can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.
Irrelevant

Between B and C. C is better as it tells since the plastic sleds are used in more variety of conditions, as compared to wooden ones, the changes of in injury are more comparatively
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21 Sep 2008, 16:12
arorag wrote:
In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in Verland used wooden sleds with runners and steering bars. Ten years ago, smooth plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are harder to steer and slow. The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous is clearly borne out by the fact that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was ten years ago.

Which of the following, if true in Verland, most seriously undermines the force of the evidence cited?
A. A few children still use traditional wooden sleds. -> this is out
B. Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding. -> this does not bring difference b/w now and 10 years before does not weaken evidence
C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can. ->perfect since when plastic sled used in more conditions more children use and get injured its not plastic sleds are dangerous ,its just more usage =>more damage
D. Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled. -> generic statement -> reject
E. Because the traditional wooden sled can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured. ->this infact stresses on just wooden sled but not plastic hence does not weaken argument

OA B????

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21 Sep 2008, 17:07
Situation: Since the numbers of plastic sledge injuries are higher than the wooden ones, therefore plastic sledges are more dangerous than wooden ones. The conclusion is based on the numbers. If the numbers are not same across the wooden and plastic sledges the argument weakens.

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27 Mar 2009, 02:31
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27 Oct 2009, 22:41
Agree with C
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28 Oct 2009, 06:22
C clearly shows another reason casues the problem, so it weakens the conclusion.
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07 Feb 2010, 20:12
10 years ago, plastic sleds are popular - which are fast but harder to steer and slow down than wooden sleds.
Claim - plastic sleds are more dangerous than wooden as the number of accidents last year is more than 10 years back.

need to find some flaw.

(A) A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.
-- This doesnt weaken but probably strengthen the argument as it says most of the students wear plastic sleds.
(B) Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding.
-- this has no effect as we still cannot undermine the claim that plastic sleds are more dangerous
(C) Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.
-- This is correct. This gives a different idea about how the plastic sleds are widely used in different snow conditions and its not because of hte plastic sleds itself but could be because of the snow conditions that there are higher accidents
(D) Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled.
-- no effect
(E) Because the traditional wooden sleds can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.
- no effect

C
Re: Slede by children   [#permalink] 07 Feb 2010, 20:12

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