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# In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter

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In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2005, 09:28
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In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in Verland used wooden sleds with runners and steering bars. Ten years ago, smooth plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are harder to steer and slow. The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous is clearly borne out by the fact that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was 10 years ago.

Which of the following, if true in Verland, most seriously undermines the force of the evidence cited?

(A) A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.
(B) Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding.
(C) Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.
(D) Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled.
(E) Because the traditional wooden sleds can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.

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05 Oct 2005, 12:29
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A is irrelevant. It is normal that many accident with plastic sleds will happen if there are more users of plastic sleds.
B is irrelevant.
D is irrelevant.
E is irrelevant. Just think about how many dead people are in plane crashes and how many are in car crashes for a year. This will help you to dismiss this answer choice.

So, IMO C is the best choice. If plastic sleds can be runned in a wider variety of snow condititios, then the main cause could be the bad use of these from the part of the drivers rather than the plastic sleds themselves.
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26 May 2008, 07:22
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Ok I get it now.

According to the argument -"plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are harder to steer and slow. The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous"
To summarize, plastic sleds are dangerous becuase they are faster than wooden sleds and hence are more dangerous.

Now we need an answer choice that undermines the force of the evidence cited. Meaning we need an alternate reason to explain why Plastic sleds are dangerous than the wooden sleds.
C explains it best.

Let us see why others are not good choices.

A,B,D,E- doesnot explain why plastic sleds are dangerous
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05 Oct 2005, 07:48
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OA is C

If plastic sleds are used more often then there is a greater likelihood that sledders will be involved in accidents
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04 Oct 2005, 09:32
I will go with A
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04 Oct 2005, 10:20
I will go for E.

It proves that traditional wooden sleds are more dangerous than the new plastic ones., not the other way around.
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04 Oct 2005, 10:23
I don't really like any of these answers, but I'll go with C
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04 Oct 2005, 10:28
C only strengthens the argument because plastic ones can be used in a "much wider variety of snow conditions" (which include more dangersous conditions)
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04 Oct 2005, 10:29
Oops, I thought it was a strengthen the argument type question.. in that case, E is best
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04 Oct 2005, 11:17
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04 Oct 2005, 12:38
Fellow GMATers,

I think the conclusion is "Plastic used is more dangerous than wood"

So we must look for answer which weakens this conclusion which is B.
Children do not wear protective gear and have more injuries.

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04 Oct 2005, 17:05
I vote for (E).

(E) says wooden sleds are also dangerous.

What we are supposed to do here is "to weaken the evidence" suggested in the article.

The evidence in the article is "More children are injured using plastic sleds than using wooden sleds."

If (B) is the true, it only strengthens the conclusion of the article. Let me put it this way : "Plastic sldes are dangerous for children, and the children are not even wearing protective helmets! It looks like that plastic sldes are even more dangerous now!"

Moreover, the fact that children do not wear protective gear does not suggest either of them (plastic or wooden sleds) are more dangerous than the other.
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04 Oct 2005, 20:55
(A) - irrelevant
(B) Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding.
(C) - irrelevant
(D) - more likely when you use a plastic sled which is harder to steer
(E) - quite irrelevant. Since it's a fact the wooden sleds are easier to steer and slower, the risk of getting injured should be quite low.

I'll take B.
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05 Oct 2005, 06:05
go C go...by POE I guess...
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05 Oct 2005, 06:25
I choose C, I really do not like any, but in C at least we have a possible explanation: as the plastic sled can be used in more ocasions, it is easier that a child gets hurt.
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05 Oct 2005, 06:52
C is the best because the plastic ones are used more often in variety of snow conditions, and that explained more injuries.
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10 Feb 2007, 01:42
AK wrote:
In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter snow in Verland used wooden sleds with runners and steering bars. Ten years ago, smooth plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are harder to steer and slow. The concern that plastic sleds are more dangerous is clearly borne out by the fact that the number of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was ten years ago.
Which of the following, if true in Verland, most seriously undermines the force of the evidence cited?

A. A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.

B. Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding.

C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.

D. Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled.

E. Because the traditional wooden sled can carry more than one rider, an accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured.

C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can.

Implies that children can now sled even in conditions in which they could not earlier sled using the wooden sled.

C undermines the argument by providing an explanation for the increase in the number of accidents.
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10 Feb 2007, 02:13
I go for C for the same reasons.
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11 Feb 2007, 11:45
yes to C...
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30 Jun 2007, 10:50
Any takers?
sleds   [#permalink] 30 Jun 2007, 10:50

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