In the past, the railroads in Ostronia were run as regional : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR) - Page 2
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# In the past, the railroads in Ostronia were run as regional

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15 Mar 2005, 19:00
ywilfred wrote:
Antmavel wrote:
I still continue to fight for my A
I don't see where is the flow in it because it is stated :

"But because of government subsidies that have permitted Ostronian railroad companies to operate even while incurring substantial losses"

-> if no more subsidies, railroad companies can not operate

However, I must admit that E seems also to be the answer...what's OA ?

Antmavel, A cannot be the right answer. Choice (A) talks about a number of the companies going bust if they lose the government subsidies. But this is not supported for in the passage. To arrive at this conclusion, you will probably need another assumption (something you shuoldn't make off hand just to make your answer choice fit in) or another premise would have to be given to you.

Thanks for the free class ywilfred
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16 Mar 2005, 11:02
This has to be (E).
Other options may or may not be true, like (A), but (E) certainly MUST be true.

OA ps?
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07 May 2011, 12:11
one more of those questions where everybody can assume himself/herself to be intelligent as a result of the right answer.
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19 May 2011, 03:03
E in a jiffy.
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19 May 2011, 07:36
Hey guys....
following the trail of the series of discussion, i would like to put forward my theory.
If we pick up the jist of the entire passage and sum it up, won't it be like -
" ostronia railways have survived just becuase of the subsidies provided by the govt. If it was not for the subsidies, the railroads network would have collapsed becuase of the heavy competition faced from the roadways"

..the main line to look here is "..But because of government subsidies that have permitted Ostronian railroad companies to operate even while incurring substantial losses..."
this clearly spells out the above jist of the passage.

now if we look at the passage-

In the past, the railroads in Ostronia were run as regional monopolies and operated with little regard for what customers wanted. In recent years, with improvements to the Ostronian national highway network, the railroad companies have faced heavy competition from long-distance trucking companies. But because of government subsidies that have permitted Ostronian railroad companies to operate even while incurring substantial losses, the companies continue to disregard customersâ€™ needs and desires.

If the statements above are true, which one of the following must also be true on the basis of them?

(A) If the government of Ostronia ceases to subsidize railroad companies, few of those companies will continue to operate.---correct ( coz that's the entire summary of the passage. remember, here, we are saying 'few' and not all)

(B) Few companies in Ostronia that have received subsidies from the government have taken the needs and desires of their customers into account. ---strong but incorrect ( we are not sure whether these industries have a better competition or are they running just because of monoply in the market)

(C) Without government subsidies, railroad companies in Ostronia would have to increase the prices they charge their customers. --irrelevant

(D) The transportation system in Ostronia is no more efficient today than it was in the past. --irrelevant(who cares)

(E) In recent years, some companies in Ostronia that have had little regard for the desires of their customers have nonetheless survived. --incorrect ( again reffering to the explaination given in point 2. We are not sure which are these industries, or do they have any threat agains their monoply)

...let me know if someone has any doubts or counter for my explaination
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08 Jun 2011, 04:37
IMO E
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13 Jul 2011, 07:30
I picked A as well. E seems correct now. have to be really sharp in your logic for these ones.
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Re: In the past, the railroads in Ostronia were run as regional [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2015, 21:54
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Re: In the past, the railroads in Ostronia were run as regional [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2016, 23:57
E for me. The rest seem to assume something that is not necessarily true. E seems to be within the scope and if you try to imagine the situation that E states, you will agree with it no questions asked.
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Re: In the past, the railroads in Ostronia were run as regional [#permalink]

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26 May 2016, 04:47
chunjuwu wrote:
In the past, the railroads in Ostronia were run as regional monopolies and operated with little regard for what customers wanted. In recent years, with improvements to the Ostronian national highway network, the railroad companies have faced heavy competition from long-distance trucking companies. But because of government subsidies that have permitted Ostronian railroad companies to operate even while incurring substantial losses, the companies continue to disregard customersâ€™ needs and desires.

If the statements above are true, which one of the following must also be true on the basis of them?

(A) If the government of Ostronia ceases to subsidize railroad companies, few of those companies will continue to operate.

(B) Few companies in Ostronia that have received subsidies from the government have taken the needs and desires of their customers into account.

(C) Without government subsidies, railroad companies in Ostronia would have to increase the prices they charge their customers.

(D) The transportation system in Ostronia is no more efficient today than it was in the past.

(E) In recent years, some companies in Ostronia that have had little regard for the desires of their customers have nonetheless survived.

Premise : Railroads suck. They don't care about customers wants and needs because of government subsidies.

A is not the answer for this simple reason. The question says nothing about their survival. In fact it seems the author wants the removal of subsidies. This will force the railroad companies to be more proactive towards the customer's needs and wants

E perfectly summarizes what the author has stated.
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Re: In the past, the railroads in Ostronia were run as regional   [#permalink] 26 May 2016, 04:47

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