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In the past, to run for one's country in the Olympics was [#permalink]
23 Dec 2003, 19:03
50% (00:00) correct
50% (01:16) wrong based on 4 sessions
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In the past, to run for one's country in the Olympics was the ultimate achievement of any athlete. Nowadays, an athlete's motives are more and more influenced by financial gain, and consequently we do not see our best athletes in the Olympics, which is still only for amateurs.
Which of the following will most weaken the above conclusion?
A) The publicity and fame that can be achieved by competing in the Olympics makes athletes more "marketable" by agents and potential sponsors, while allowing the athletes to retain their amateur status.
B) The winning of a race is not as important as participating.
C) There is a widely held belief that our best Olympic athletes already receive enough in terms of promotion and sponsorship.
D) It has been suggested that professional athletes should be allowed to compete in the games.
E) Athletics as an entertainment is like any other entertainment job and deserves a financial reward.
Official answer: A
It is facts that athletes can attract sponsorship and make money and that participation in the Olympics can aid this process. On the basis that it is true that athletes are more and more attracted by the profit motive, the conclusion that the best athletes do not compete in the Olympics is weakened. Therefore, A is the appropriate answer. Alternative (B) is an oft-stated maxim, but in this case, it is not relevant to the argument. The fact that people believe that amateur athletes are receiving adequate alternative remuneration does not bear on the argument for allowing genuine professional athletes into the games. So, (C) is innappropriate. Choice (D) comes close to weakening the argument, because if professional (as well as amateur) athletes were allowed to compete, presuming the participants were selected on merit, then the best athletes would be seen. However, it has only been a suggestion, perhaps in the past, (in which case it was not adopted) or in the future (in which case its adoption is not certain). Choice (E) represents an opinion that might or might not be held by the writer, but, whether or not the author agrees, it does not weaken the argument; therefore (E) is inappropriate.
My addition to the explaination. The best athletes who participated in olympics still retain thye amature status. It is possible that those amature atheletes mentioned by the author may very well be best atheletes.
A combines all the points