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# In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent

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In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2012, 00:16
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In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent crime in states with strict gun-control laws was 645 crimes per 100,000 persons—about 50 percent higher than the average rate in the eleven states where strict gun-control laws have never been passed. Thus one way to reduce violent crime is to repeal strict gun control laws.
Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument above?
(A) The annual rate of violent crime in states with strict gun-control laws has decreased since the passage of those laws.
(B) In states with strict gun-control laws, few individuals are prosecuted for violating such laws.
(C) In states without strict gun-control laws, many individuals have had no formal training in the use of firearms.
(D) The annual rate of nonviolent crime is lower in states with strict gun-control laws than in states without such laws.
(E) Less than half of the individuals who reside in states without strict gun-control laws own a gun.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2012, 04:03
In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent crime in states with strict gun-control laws was 645 crimes per 100,000 persons—about 50 percent higher than the average rate in the eleven states where strict gun-control laws have never been passed. Thus one way to reduce violent crime is to repeal strict gun control laws.

We need an AC which can tell us that the strict gun control is effective even though the statistics are not that great as of now.

(A) wins

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument above?
(A) The annual rate of violent crime in states with strict gun-control laws has decreased since the passage of those laws.
Rate of violent crimes is reducing-correct
(B) In states with strict gun-control laws, few individuals are prosecuted for violating such laws.
prosecuted or not is not under consideration-incorrect
(C) In states without strict gun-control laws, many individuals have had no formal training in the use of firearms.
violent crime may or may not require training-incorrect
(D) The annual rate of nonviolent crime is lower in states with strict gun-control laws than in states without such law
non violent crime is out of scope-incorrect
(E) Less than half of the individuals who reside in states without strict gun-control laws own a gun.
doesn't mean that they commit crimes as well- incorrect
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Re: In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2014, 17:48
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Re: In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2016, 20:22
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2016, 01:32
Expert's post
PUNEETSCHDV wrote:
In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent crime in states with strict gun-control laws was 645 crimes per 100,000 persons—about 50 percent higher than the average rate in the eleven states where strict gun-control laws have never been passed. Thus one way to reduce violent crime is to repeal strict gun control laws.
Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument above?

(A) The annual rate of violent crime in states with strict gun-control laws has decreased since the passage of those laws.
(B) In states with strict gun-control laws, few individuals are prosecuted for violating such laws.
(C) In states without strict gun-control laws, many individuals have had no formal training in the use of firearms.
(D) The annual rate of nonviolent crime is lower in states with strict gun-control laws than in states without such laws.
(E) Less than half of the individuals who reside in states without strict gun-control laws own a gun.

Premise: Violent crime rate is higher in states with gun control law
Conclusion: We should repeal the law to reduce the crime
We need to weaken this conclusion.

What if the rates of the states with the law were already higher from the others. In this case we cannot base our judgement on just the rate.
Option A talks on the same lines by saying that the rate of violent crime has reduced in the states with the law. So, if we reduce the law, the rates might go up again.
This weakens our conclusion.

Correct Option: A
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Re: In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent   [#permalink] 19 Apr 2016, 01:32
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