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In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent

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In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent [#permalink] New post 13 Jul 2005, 16:00
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In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent crime in states with strict gun-control laws was 645 crimes per 100,000 persons—about 50 percent higher than the average rate in the eleven states where strict gun-control laws have never been passed. Thus one way to reduce violent crime is to repeal strict gun control laws.
Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument above?
(A) The annual rate of violent crime in states with strict gun-control laws has decreased since the passage of those laws.
(B) In states with strict gun-control laws, few individuals are prosecuted for violating such laws.
(C) In states without strict gun-control laws, many individuals have had no formal training in the use of firearms.
(D) The annual rate of nonviolent crime is lower in states with strict gun-control laws than in states without such laws.
(E) Less than half of the individuals who reside in states without strict gun-control laws own a gun.
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 [#permalink] New post 13 Jul 2005, 16:50
A
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Re: CR - Gun Control Law [#permalink] New post 13 Jul 2005, 17:21
A is best.
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Re: CR - Gun Control Law [#permalink] New post 13 Jul 2005, 17:45
OA is A. Could you please explain why B is wrong? If Gun control is not strictly enforced the problem is not with the gun control law but rather with the enforcement of it. So we should not do away with the law instead enforce is better.
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damit wrote:
In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent crime in states with strict gun-control laws was 645 crimes per 100,000 persons—about 50 percent higher than the average rate in the eleven states where strict gun-control laws have never been passed. Thus one way to reduce violent crime is to repeal strict gun control laws.
Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument above?
(A) The annual rate of violent crime in states with strict gun-control laws has decreased since the passage of those laws.
(B) In states with strict gun-control laws, few individuals are prosecuted for violating such laws.
(C) In states without strict gun-control laws, many individuals have had no formal training in the use of firearms.
(D) The annual rate of nonviolent crime is lower in states with strict gun-control laws than in states without such laws.
(E) Less than half of the individuals who reside in states without strict gun-control laws own a gun.
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 [#permalink] New post 13 Jul 2005, 17:58
B supports the argument in saying that when no person in prosecuted there is no point having gun control laws.

Hence A - although the rate of crime is more that other non-control states it has reduced the incidence of crime.

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 [#permalink] New post 14 Jul 2005, 09:37
The answer is Clearly A.

Damit, B states - "In states with strict gun-control laws, few individuals are prosecuted for violating such laws.", which means that many violators of the strict gun laws go scot free, which in turn strengthens the author's conclusion. The argument requires an answer choice that weakens the conclusion.

A states that the law has helped bring down the crime rate, thus weakening the author's claim.
  [#permalink] 14 Jul 2005, 09:37
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