In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in

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In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2008, 19:31
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In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.

Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument
above EXCEPT:
(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts
than are people in the United States.
(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers
receive training in how best to react in the
event of an accident to minimize injuries to
themselves and to their passengers.
(C) Cars built for the European market tend to
have more sturdy construction than do cars
built for the United States market.
(D) Automobile passengers in the United States
have a greater statistical chance of being
involved in an accident than do passengers in
Europe.
(E) States that have recently begun requiring the
European safety belt have experienced no
reduction in the average severity of injuries
suffered by passengers in automobile
accidents.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2008, 19:37
D ?
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29 Jan 2008, 19:50
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vscid wrote:
In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.

Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument
above EXCEPT:
(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts
than are people in the United States.
(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers
receive training in how best to react in the
event of an accident to minimize injuries to
themselves and to their passengers.
(C) Cars built for the European market tend to
have more sturdy construction than do cars
built for the United States market.
(D) Automobile passengers in the United States
have a greater statistical chance of being
involved in an accident than do passengers in
Europe.
(E) States that have recently begun requiring the
European safety belt have experienced no
reduction in the average severity of injuries
suffered by passengers in automobile
accidents.

My take is (E). It's the only choice that indicates how having the European safety belt has not experienced any additional safety
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2008, 21:42
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Another D,

E weakens since even after incorporating changes, there is no reduction in injuries. So european safety belt is not the correct reasoning behind reduced injuries
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2008, 21:57
srp wrote:
Another D,

E weakens since even after incorporating changes, there is no reduction in injuries. So european safety belt is not the correct reasoning behind reduced injuries

Here's my reasoning:
In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.

From the first sentence, I would infer that: injuries to European passengers are less severe compared to American passengers due to the European requirement for a different kind of safety belt. From the second sentence, I would infer: If the US were to adopt a more stringent standard for safety (such as the one used in European automobiles), it would help protect passengers better. Choice (E) is the only one that weakens this argument.
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2008, 22:01
1
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vscid wrote:
In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.

Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument
above EXCEPT:
(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts
than are people in the United States. [irrelevant]
(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers
receive training in how best to react in the
event of an accident to minimize injuries to
themselves and to their passengers.[ irrelevant]
(C) Cars built for the European market tend to
have more sturdy construction than do cars
built for the United States market.[ Irrelevant: as conslusion is abt safety belts]
(D) Automobile passengers in the United States
have a greater statistical chance of being
involved in an accident than do passengers in
Europe. [ strengthen ]
(E) States that have recently begun requiring the
European safety belt have experienced no
reduction in the average severity of injuries
suffered by passengers in automobile
accidents.[ Weakens]

Thus D for me
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2008, 22:04
incognito1 wrote:
srp wrote:
Another D,

E weakens since even after incorporating changes, there is no reduction in injuries. So european safety belt is not the correct reasoning behind reduced injuries

Here's my reasoning:
In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.

From the first sentence, I would infer that: injuries to European passengers are less severe compared to American passengers due to the European requirement for a different kind of safety belt. From the second sentence, I would infer: If the US were to adopt a more stringent standard for safety (such as the one used in European automobiles), it would help protect passengers better. Choice (E) is the only one that weakens this argument.

srp, on a re-read, you're right -- this should be (D), as its asking for a strength to the argument.. doh
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30 Jan 2008, 15:47
OA is D.
well done!
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2008, 22:24
no comprendo
Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in   [#permalink] 06 Mar 2008, 22:24
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