In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in

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In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2008, 18:30
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In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.
Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument above EXCEPT:
(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts than are people in the United States.
(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers receive training in how best to react in the event of an accident to minimize injuries to themselves and to their passengers.
(C) Cars built for the European market tend to have more sturdy construction than do cars built for the United States market.
(D) Automobile passengers in the United States have a greater statistical chance of being involved in an accident than do passengers in Europe.
(E) States that have recently begun requiring the European safety belt have experienced no reduction in the average severity of injuries suffered by passengers in automobile accidents.
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31 Jul 2008, 18:50
spriya wrote:
In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.
Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument above EXCEPT:
(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts than are people in the United States.
(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers receive training in how best to react in the event of an accident to minimize injuries to themselves and to their passengers.
(C) Cars built for the European market tend to have more sturdy construction than do cars built for the United States market.
(D) Automobile passengers in the United States have a greater statistical chance of being involved in an accident than do passengers in Europe.
(E) States that have recently begun requiring the European safety belt have experienced no reduction in the average severity of injuries suffered by passengers in automobile accidents.

IMO E)
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31 Jul 2008, 19:16
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spriya wrote:
In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.
Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument above EXCEPT:
(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts than are people in the United States.
(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers receive training in how best to react in the event of an accident to minimize injuries to themselves and to their passengers.
(C) Cars built for the European market tend to have more sturdy construction than do cars built for the United States market.
(D) Automobile passengers in the United States have a greater statistical chance of being involved in an accident than do passengers in Europe.
(E) States that have recently begun requiring the European safety belt have experienced no reduction in the average severity of injuries suffered by passengers in automobile accidents.

This seems like a weaken question. But it has except in the question, so the answer will either strengthen the arguement or just irrelevant.
The argument says the safety belt is responsible for less severity of accident injuries in Europe, therefore US needs to adopt the same method.
Choice A weakens the argument, even though the US will adopt more stringent safety belt design, if people are not likely to wear it, then it will not reduce the severity of accident injury.
Choice B weakens the argument, by using a third reason. It is not really the safety belt, it is the training that make European driver able to minimize injury
Choice C weakens the argument, again by using a third reason. It is not really the safety belt, it is the car itself is much safer in Europe.
Choice E weakens the argument, by proving that even used the safety belt did not reduce the accident severity of injuries.

Choice D is the correct answer here. Even though passengers in US are more likely to involve in accident, does not tell you anything about the severity of injuries.
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01 Aug 2008, 20:28
eileen1017 wrote:
spriya wrote:
In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.
Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument above EXCEPT:
(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts than are people in the United States.
(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers receive training in how best to react in the event of an accident to minimize injuries to themselves and to their passengers.
(C) Cars built for the European market tend to have more sturdy construction than do cars built for the United States market.
(D) Automobile passengers in the United States have a greater statistical chance of being involved in an accident than do passengers in Europe.
(E) States that have recently begun requiring the European safety belt have experienced no reduction in the average severity of injuries suffered by passengers in automobile accidents.

This seems like a weaken question. But it has except in the question, so the answer will either strengthen the arguement or just irrelevant.
The argument says the safety belt is responsible for less severity of accident injuries in Europe, therefore US needs to adopt the same method.
Choice A weakens the argument, even though the US will adopt more stringent safety belt design, if people are not likely to wear it, then it will not reduce the severity of accident injury.
Choice B weakens the argument, by using a third reason. It is not really the safety belt, it is the training that make European driver able to minimize injury
Choice C weakens the argument, again by using a third reason. It is not really the safety belt, it is the car itself is much safer in Europe.
Choice E weakens the argument, by proving that even used the safety belt did not reduce the accident severity of injuries.

Choice D is the correct answer here. Even though passengers in US are more likely to involve in accident, does not tell you anything about the severity of injuries.

good explanation : its just we got the eliminate the others ,D does not weaken the argument neither does it strengthen the argument.

+1 for u
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Re: CR-weakens   [#permalink] 01 Aug 2008, 20:28
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