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In the United States, of the people who moved from one state

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Senior Manager
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In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2011, 11:43
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

58% (01:55) correct 42% (01:22) wrong based on 43 sessions

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In the United States, of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage
who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years. Since many local
businesses in Florida cater to retirees, these declines are likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect
on these businesses and therefore on the economy of Florida.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument given?
(A) People who moved from one state to another when they retired moved a greater distance, on average,
last year than such people did ten years ago.
(B) People were more likely to retire to North Carolina from another state last year than people were
ten years ago.
(C) The number of people who moved from one state to another when they retired has increased signifi cantly
over the past ten years.
(D) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than
it was ten years ago.
(E) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Senior Manager
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Re: OG question [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2011, 11:44
I thought D weakens the argument the most. So, anyone can help me with the right explanation?
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Director
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Re: OG question [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2011, 11:56
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Its 180 degree answer - strengthener. By referring to the reduction in the %age points the argument is implying that the economy of Florida is in trouble.

If D is true - then we are moving forward in the direction of the conclusion. ie more exodus, less number of people retiring in Florida and subsequently troubled economy

If C is true - then it casts a doubt that the arg has confused actual number with %age. The actual number of people retiring has NOT gone down, even though the %age has gone down by couple of points. It does not matter since the economy is unswayed.

heygirl wrote:
I thought D weakens the argument the most. So, anyone can help me with the right explanation?
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Re: OG question [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2011, 12:01
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heygirl wrote:
In the United States, of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage
who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years. Since many local
businesses in Florida cater to retirees, these declines are likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect
on these businesses and therefore on the economy of Florida.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument given?
(A) People who moved from one state to another when they retired moved a greater distance, on average,
last year than such people did ten years ago.
(B) People were more likely to retire to North Carolina from another state last year than people were
ten years ago.
(C) The number of people who moved from one state to another when they retired has increased signifi cantly
over the past ten years.
(D) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than
it was ten years ago.
(E) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state


heygirl wrote:
I thought D weakens the argument the most. So, anyone can help me with the right explanation?


The argument is that percentage decline in people retiring to Florida has a negative effect on the business.

Anything that suggests that percentage decrease doesn't matter much would weaken this argument.

D actually says that more retirees LEFT Florida. It tells nothing about the influx of retirees into Florida and actually strengthens the case for impact on business, if at all.

C says that the absolute numbers have increased signifcantly, so even after a percentage decline, the sheer number can ensure that businesses do not suffer from negative impact and hence it weakens the percentage based argument the most. It doesn't matter that share of pie is slightly reduced if the Pie itself has grown dramatically.
Senior Manager
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Re: OG question [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2011, 12:08
Got it! :-)
Thank You guys. I confused numbers and percentages.
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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2016, 08:48
The answer is straightforward C.


In the United States, of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years. Since many local businesses in Florida cater to retirees, this decline is likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect on these businesses.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) People who moved from one state to another when they retired moved a greater distance, on average,last year than such people did ten years ago.
WRONG:- Irrelevant. We are concerned with number of people moving to florida. Distance has nothing to do with the argument.

(B) People were more likely to retire to North Carolina from another state last year than people were ten years ago.
WRONG:- Clever trap. "Likely to retire" is not equal to "definitely retired" ... I am likely to be a movie star does not translate to I am a movie star. Likely introduces a concept of uncertainty and thus cannot be taken as a proper answer.

(C)The total number of people who retired and moved to another state for their retirement has increased significantly over the past ten years.
CORRECT:- Earlier in US there were 1000 people who moved from one state of another after retirement. Out of these 50 % came to florida (meaning 500 people came to florida) Now there were 10,000 people move from one state to another and only 10 % comes to florida (meaning 10 % of 10,000=1000 people) that came to florida.
As you can see the % is decreasing but the actual number has gone up (from 500 people to 1000 people ; there is an increase of 500). This weaken the argument. Infant it kills and buries the argument 6 feet deep in the ground.

(D) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than it was ten years ago.
WRONG:- At best This tells one side of a story. It tells us nothing about the number of people coming to florida. At worst this option is just out of scope because our argument is concerned with retired people coming to florida and not about people leaving florida.

(E) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state[/quote]
WRONG:- Reverse answer. This strengthen the argument


heygirl wrote:
In the United States, of the people who moved from one state to another when they retired, the percentage
who retired to Florida has decreased by three percentage points over the past ten years. Since many local
businesses in Florida cater to retirees, these declines are likely to have a noticeably negative economic effect
on these businesses and therefore on the economy of Florida.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument given?
(A) People who moved from one state to another when they retired moved a greater distance, on average,
last year than such people did ten years ago.
(B) People were more likely to retire to North Carolina from another state last year than people were
ten years ago.
(C) The number of people who moved from one state to another when they retired has increased signifi cantly
over the past ten years.
(D) The number of people who left Florida when they retired to live in another state was greater last year than
it was ten years ago.
(E) Florida attracts more people who move from one state to another when they retire than does any other state

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Re: In the United States, of the people who moved from one state   [#permalink] 27 Jul 2016, 08:48
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