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In the USA, Vacationers account for more than half of all

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In the USA, Vacationers account for more than half of all [#permalink] New post 22 Jan 2013, 17:57
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In the USA, Vacationers account for more than half of all visitors to what are technically called "pure aquariums" but for fewer than one quarter of all visitors to zoos, which simply include a "zoo aquarium" of modest scope.

Which of the following, if true, helps to account for the difference described above between visitors to zoos and visitors to pure aquariums?

A. In cities that have both a zoo and a pure aquarium, local residents are twice as likely to visit the aquarium as they are to visit the zoo

B. Virtually all large metropolitan areas have zoos, whereas only a few metropolitan areas have pure aquariums.

C. Over the last 10 years newly constructed pure aquariums have outnumbered newly established zoos by a factor of 2 to 1

D. People who visit zoos in a given year are two times more likely to visit a pure aquarium that year than are people who do not visit the zoo.

E. The Zoo aquariums of Zoos that are in the same city as a pure aquarium tend to be smaller than the aquariums of zoos that have no pure aquarium nearby.


[Reveal] Spoiler:
B
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by jgomey on 23 Jan 2013, 14:13, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In the USA, vacationers account for more than half [#permalink] New post 23 Jan 2013, 02:39
Expert's post
jgomey wrote:
In the USA, Vacationers account for more than half of all visitors to what are technically called "pure aquariums" but for fewer than one quarter of all visitors to zoos, which simply include a "zoo aquarium" of modest scope.

Which of the following, if true, helps to account for the difference described above between visitors to zoos and visitors to pure aquariums?

A. In cities that have both a zoo and a pure aquarium, local residents are twice as likely to visit the aquarium as they are to visit the zoo

B. Virtually all large metropolitan areas have zoos, whereas only a few metropolitan areas have pure aquariums.

C. Over the last 10 years newly constructed pure aquariums have outnumbered newly established zoos by a factor of 2 to 1

D. People who visit zoos in a given year are two times more likely to visit a pure aquarium that year than are people who do not visit the zoo.

E. The Zoo aquariums of Zoos that are in the same city as a pure aquarium tend to be smaller than the aquariums of zoos that have no pure aquarium nearby.


[Reveal] Spoiler:
Lets chat first


Hii.
I feel its B.
My reasoning is that since there is a shortage of pure aquariums, therefore this shortage becomes a reason why there is difference.
Let me know if more clarification is required.
Regards.

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Re: In the USA, vacationers account for more than half [#permalink] New post 23 Jan 2013, 03:49
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Re: In the USA, vacationers account for more than half [#permalink] New post 23 Jan 2013, 05:12
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In the USA, Vacationers account for more than half of all visitors to what are technically called "pure aquariums" but for fewer than one quarter of all visitors to zoos, which simply include a "zoo aquarium" of modest scope.


Which of the following, if true, helps to account for the difference described above between visitors to zoos and visitors to pure aquariums?


A. In cities that have both a zoo and a pure aquarium, local residents are twice as likely to visit the aquarium as they are to visit the zoo
Wrong Wrong direction if local residents (LRs) would be twice as likely to visit A then there would be less of them in Z. The passage supports that there are rather fewer LRs in A.

B. Virtually all large metropolitan areas have zoos, whereas only a few metropolitan areas have pure aquariums.
Correct One could conclude that people from other regions will go on vacation to visit A but not Z since they could do it at home. This would explain why the propotion of visitors to LRs is higher in A.


C. Over the last 10 years newly constructed pure aquariums have outnumbered newly established zoos by a factor of 2 to 1
Wrong Out of scope. We do not care about the number of Z or A.

D. People who visit zoos in a given year are two times more likely to visit a pure aquarium that year than are people who do not visit the zoo.
Wrong This says nothing about the relationship of the number of visitors to LRs in A or Z.


E. The Zoo aquariums of Zoos that are in the same city as a pure aquarium tend to be smaller than the aquariums of zoos that have no pure aquarium nearby.

Wrong Size says nothing about the relationship between the number of visitors to LRs.

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Re: In the USA, vacationers account for more than half [#permalink] New post 23 Jan 2013, 06:40
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I feel number can play a crucial role and the reason why C is being kicked is that it talks about NEW CONSTRUCTED ZOOS. lets see what others think.

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Re: In the USA, vacationers account for more than half [#permalink] New post 23 Jan 2013, 14:03
Am really having trouble in understanding this today:-(
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Re: In the USA, vacationers account for more than half [#permalink] New post 23 Jan 2013, 15:59
Triforce wrote:
Quote:
In the USA, Vacationers account for more than half of all visitors to what are technically called "pure aquariums" but for fewer than one quarter of all visitors to zoos, which simply include a "zoo aquarium" of modest scope.


Which of the following, if true, helps to account for the difference described above between visitors to zoos and visitors to pure aquariums?


A. In cities that have both a zoo and a pure aquarium, local residents are twice as likely to visit the aquarium as they are to visit the zoo
Wrong Wrong direction if local residents (LRs) would be twice as likely to visit A then there would be less of them in Z. The passage supports that there are rather fewer LRs in A.

B. Virtually all large metropolitan areas have zoos, whereas only a few metropolitan areas have pure aquariums.
Correct One could conclude that people from other regions will go on vacation to visit A but not Z since they could do it at home. This would explain why the propotion of visitors to LRs is higher in A.


C. Over the last 10 years newly constructed pure aquariums have outnumbered newly established zoos by a factor of 2 to 1
Wrong Out of scope. We do not care about the number of Z or A.

D. People who visit zoos in a given year are two times more likely to visit a pure aquarium that year than are people who do not visit the zoo.
Wrong This says nothing about the relationship of the number of visitors to LRs in A or Z.


E. The Zoo aquariums of Zoos that are in the same city as a pure aquarium tend to be smaller than the aquariums of zoos that have no pure aquarium nearby.

Wrong Size says nothing about the relationship between the number of visitors to LRs.




Excellent Analysis!

I fell for C. My reasoning was as follows:

Since more aquariums are built, more aquariums exist compared to Zoos. This explains why more people are visiting aquariums. MY REASONING was clearly flawed, because I did not consider the possibility that more Zoos exist overall, despite the new construction.

B is the correct choice. As indicated earlier, less aquariums exist compared to the number of Zoos, so people must travel in order to visit a "Pure Aquarium."

Last edited by jgomey on 23 Jan 2013, 17:52, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In the USA, vacationers account for more than half [#permalink] New post 23 Jan 2013, 17:49
Marcab wrote:
I feel number can play a crucial role and the reason why C is being kicked is that it talks about NEW CONSTRUCTED ZOOS. lets see what others think.



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Re: In the USA, vacationers account for more than half [#permalink] New post 23 Jan 2013, 19:15
I also chose B, but for a different reason.

My thinking was that most pure aquariums are located in popular tourist destinations outside of metropolitan areas, so most of the visitors are on vacation. However, most of the zoos are in big cities and are thus mostly visited by local residents.

The creators of the question probably meant the other explanation, though, namely that if people can go to a zoo at home, they choose a pure aquarium while on vacation.

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Re: In the USA, vacationers account for more than half [#permalink] New post 23 Jan 2013, 20:26
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jgomey wrote:

I fell for C. My reasoning was as follows:

Since more aquariums are built, more aquariums exist compared to Zoos. This explains why more people are visiting aquariums. MY REASONING was clearly flawed, because I did not consider the possibility that more Zoos exist overall, despite the new construction.

B is the correct choice. As indicated earlier, less aquariums exist compared to the number of Zoos, so people must travel in order to visit a "Pure Aquarium."


Actually, notice another thing. You don't have to explain why more people are visiting pure aquariums (actually that may not be true. Overall, the number of people visiting pure aquariums might be lesser). You have to explain why visitors to pure aquariums are 50% vacationers (and other 50% are perhaps local people) while visitors to zoos are only 25% vacationers while other 75% are local people. The number of people visiting the pure aquarium and the number visiting the zoo are not an issue at all. The issue is the different demography: vacationers vs locals.
The reasons can be two:
- Vacationers find pure aquariums attractive for some reason (as C explains - its because there are fewer pure aquariums)
- Local people prefer zoo over pure aquarium (probably because their kids want to visit zoos and often)

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Re: In the USA, vacationers account for more than half [#permalink] New post 23 Jan 2013, 21:59
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
jgomey wrote:

I fell for C. My reasoning was as follows:

Since more aquariums are built, more aquariums exist compared to Zoos. This explains why more people are visiting aquariums. MY REASONING was clearly flawed, because I did not consider the possibility that more Zoos exist overall, despite the new construction.

B is the correct choice. As indicated earlier, less aquariums exist compared to the number of Zoos, so people must travel in order to visit a "Pure Aquarium."


Actually, notice another thing. You don't have to explain why more people are visiting pure aquariums (actually that may not be true. Overall, the number of people visiting pure aquariums might be lesser). You have to explain why visitors to pure aquariums are 50% vacationers (and other 50% are perhaps local people) while visitors to zoos are only 25% vacationers while other 75% are local people. The number of people visiting the pure aquarium and the number visiting the zoo are not an issue at all. The issue is the different demography: vacationers vs locals.
The reasons can be two:
- Vacationers find pure aquariums attractive for some reason (as C explains - its because there are fewer pure aquariums)
- Local people prefer zoo over pure aquarium (probably because their kids want to visit zoos and often)


That makes sense. Thank you for the explanation
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Re: In the USA, Vacationers account for more than half of all [#permalink] New post 03 Jul 2014, 02:55
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Re: In the USA, Vacationers account for more than half of all [#permalink] New post 08 Jul 2014, 10:47
Hi,

This is a paradox question. In a paradox question, incorrect answer choices are those which:
1. explain only one side of the paradox,
2. similarities and differences e.g. when a stem contains a paradox where two items are different and answer choice which explains why two are same, can never be an answer.( Power Score CR Concept)

Here applying rule1,

only B qualifies.
1 paradox: vacationers visit aquariums in large numbers
2 paradox: vacationers visit zoo aquarium in less numbers.

Hope it clarifies.

Regards,
Ashish
Re: In the USA, Vacationers account for more than half of all   [#permalink] 08 Jul 2014, 10:47
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