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# In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species

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In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2012, 23:46
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In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

This question is pretty straight forward . but my doubt is
As per OG 12 "The -ing form of a verb can be used as noun (eg.,running is her favourite sport ) , but it is often awkward ,particularly when used with a possesive, as in this case ".

The aforementioned explanation conflicts with the Manhattan Flash Card of Sentence correction.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Gerund after a possessive noun/pronoun Issue [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2012, 01:55
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(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it - Awkward

(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant - Awkward

(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant - Redundant

(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it - Redundant

(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant - Correct. the noun 'attempt' replaces the gerund 'trying'
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2013, 09:53
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In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

Important lesson for GMAT: : avoid gerund(e.g. trying) with possessive noun(e.g. organism's)

So A & B are out!!
C & D are out because of "attempt to try" as use attempt or try i.e. redundant error

so we are left with Correct choice E
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2013, 10:19
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Updated the post with the corrected OA
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Re: Gerund after a possessive noun/pronoun Issue [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2012, 01:56
PriyankBahuguna wrote:
Sorry ,
The OA provided earlier is incorrect .
The Actual OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

Check the below link as well -
in-virtually-all-types-of-tissue-in-every-animal-species-81025.html
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Re: Gerund after a possessive noun/pronoun Issue [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2012, 02:17
Capricorn369 wrote:
PriyankBahuguna wrote:
Sorry ,
The OA provided earlier is incorrect .
The Actual OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

Check the below link as well -
in-virtually-all-types-of-tissue-in-every-animal-species-81025.html

E has to be it
C & D - redundant
A & B - unidiomatic
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2012, 13:36
I got the answer, curious to know if the idiom "attempt to" is correct or not and in which context it should be used?
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2012, 12:06
PriyankBahuguna wrote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

This question is pretty straight forward . but my doubt is
As per OG 12 "The -ing form of a verb can be used as noun (eg.,running is her favourite sport ) , but it is often awkward ,particularly when used with a possesive, as in this case ".

The aforementioned explanation conflicts with the Manhattan Flash Card of Sentence correction.

Need expert advice, why 'E' is right and others are wrong?
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2013, 10:15
Got a shocker seeing the 1st OA.Its a clear redundancy error
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2013, 22:43
i found this solution from a different source.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it - Awkward

(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant - Awkward

(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant - Redundant

(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it - Redundant

(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant - Correct. the noun 'attempt' replaces the gerund 'trying'

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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2014, 14:12
PriyankBahuguna wrote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

This question is pretty straight forward . but my doubt is
As per OG 12 "The -ing form of a verb can be used as noun (eg.,running is her favourite sport ) , but it is often awkward ,particularly when used with a possesive, as in this case ".

The aforementioned explanation conflicts with the Manhattan Flash Card of Sentence correction.

Meaning is key here. What is the intended meaning of the author? To tell us that the body produces something specific with the intent to protect from dioxin.

Since we have the possesive "organism's", we need to introduce our underlined part with a word that works with monkey's. "trying to/that" simply does not work. A/B gone.

C) "attempt to try to metabolize" is just weird and wordy. The "to try to" is reduntant, we already get the point if we omit the "to try". C is a contender, but a weak one. "such" at the end is superflous.

D) "attempt to try and metabolize" sounds even worse than C because and somehow implies a parallel structure, something that doesn't make sense in the context. D is gone.

E) "attempt to metabolize" is clear and concise. The chemical irritant implicitly refers to the dioxin, since "chemical irritant" acts as a pronoun for dioxin. E is correct
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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24 Feb 2014, 01:39
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

Important lesson for GMAT: : avoid gerund(e.g. trying) with possessive noun(e.g. organism's)

So A & B are out!!
C & D are out because of "attempt to try" as use attempt or try i.e. redundant error

so we are left with Correct choice E

Is there also a problem with "it" trying to point to a possessive (organism's) ?
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2014, 15:50
HarishLearner wrote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

Important lesson for GMAT: : avoid gerund(e.g. trying) with possessive noun(e.g. organism's)

So A & B are out!!
C & D are out because of "attempt to try" as use attempt or try i.e. redundant error

so we are left with Correct choice E

Is there also a problem with "it" trying to point to a possessive (organism's) ?

I don't think it is pointing to the possessive organism's.It infact should point to Organism's tissue.
Experts please correct me if I am wrong.

Last edited by 282552 on 02 Apr 2014, 16:05, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2014, 15:57
Let's assume attempt to try is not redundant for a second.
My question is this a correct parallel structure " attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless" or it should be something like this "attempt to try and metabolize, or to render harmless".
Also would "D" be a correct answer if it would be something like this "attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it"
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2015, 00:58
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

ANS - OA is E .

Lets eliminate incorrect option .

A. organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
Possesive + participle is always wrong .
It is a strict NO NO. Never choose a choice that has this formation. For example, "organism’s trying" is wrong .

B. organism’s trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant .
Possesive + participle is always wrong .
It is a strict NO NO. Never choose a choice that has this formation. For example, "organism’s trying" is wrong .
" Trying " will always take "to"
this answer has 2 mistakes .

C. organism’s attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant .
It is redundant and awkward . either it should be attempt to metabolize or try to metabolize.
both "try and attempt " at a same time redunt .

D. organism’s attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it .
Incorrect idomatic . To try and metabolize is wrong . to try to is right .

E. organism’s attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant .
Correct .
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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03 Mar 2015, 00:50
to try is redundant. Trying is awkward.
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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02 May 2015, 20:31
PriyankBahuguna wrote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

This question is pretty straight forward . but my doubt is
As per OG 12 "The -ing form of a verb can be used as noun (eg.,running is her favourite sport ) , but it is often awkward ,particularly when used with a possesive, as in this case ".

The aforementioned explanation conflicts with the Manhattan Flash Card of Sentence correction.

if we fail on this question and can not get into business schools, it it regretful.

this point here is purely grammatical not meaning and logic and anyone can learn because the point is about a rule.

the rule is simple.

to refer to a general action, we prefer to use noun not gerund, doing,

but remember, sometimes, doing can refer to a specific noun in the sentence , this use of doing gives doing a name , participle. this use of doing is different with doing as a gerund, which refer to a general action. we have to differentiate between gerund and participle. the difference is explained in grammar books but most of explanation is not good and the students have difficulty.

here, we follow the gmat standard, which is different from that in grammar book. this situation make the study of sc more difficult.
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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12 May 2015, 12:04
Hi,

Can somebody tell me whether organism's used here is singular or plural?
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2016, 19:33
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Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2016, 11:35
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

organism’s as in john's or mine or his
so John's trying doesn't make sense but John's attempt do make sense

Hence A & B rejected
Between C, D & E
Attempt to try is redundant So C & D rejected

SO the remaining is our Answer "E"

Hope this helps
Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species   [#permalink] 08 Sep 2016, 11:35
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# In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species

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