Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

 It is currently 01 Dec 2015, 05:42

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species

Author Message
TAGS:
Manager
Joined: 28 Mar 2009
Posts: 81
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 110 [0], given: 0

In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]  17 Jul 2009, 23:33
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

88% (01:52) correct 13% (01:17) wrong based on 272 sessions
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.

(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by reto on 03 Sep 2015, 10:22, edited 1 time in total.
e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1897
Followers: 1717

Kudos [?]: 5345 [4] , given: 232

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]  15 Jan 2013, 20:13
4
KUDOS
Expert's post
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hi all,

Received a PM to clarify the reference of 'it' in this sentence.

'It' in choices A & D should logically refer to 'organism's' but grammatically, this reference is not possible because 'it' is a pronoun that can only refer to a noun. However, 'organism's' is not a noun. It functions as an adjective. It modifies 'attempt'. Hence, pronoun 'it' cannot refer to 'organism's'. These two choices can be eliminated on this incorrect pronoun reference.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________

Aiming to score 760+ on the GMAT? Attend our free webinars to learn how to:

[*] Master Number Properties
[*] Ace Critical Reasoning

The webinars will start at 7 AM PST on the 11th and 12th of July, 2015.

Last edited by egmat on 18 Jan 2013, 06:00, edited 1 time in total.
BSchool Forum Moderator
Joined: 01 Oct 2009
Posts: 571
GMAT 1: 530 Q47 V17
GMAT 2: 680 Q50 V31
GMAT 3: 710 Q50 V36
Followers: 25

Kudos [?]: 167 [1] , given: 402

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]  26 Mar 2010, 04:22
1
KUDOS
Quote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

Organisms is possessive it should be like organisms NOUN

so A&B are ruled out
attempt to try to is redundant C&D left out

we are left with E now
Director
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 991
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 68 [1] , given: 300

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]  17 Jan 2013, 20:39
1
KUDOS
if noun of doing exists, we can not use possessive +doing. we should remember this thing as mechanical grammar point.

organism's trying
is wrong

of course, if there is no noun , we have to use possesive+doing.
my learning gmat is good.

this above point of grammar is ilustrated by this og problem.

there is some cases in which, doing is correct, and noun is incorrect. the following is from gmatprep, og sourse.

Thirteen states from all regions of the country announced a plan to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines in that they will jointly adopt eission limits that would be far stricter than the federal rules.
A to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines in that they will jointly adopt
B to impose new controls on truck and bus engines' pollution by the joint adoption of
(C) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines by jointly adopting
D for imposing new ontrols on pollusion from truck and bus engines, and jointly adopting
E for imposing new controls on truck and bus engine pollution in the joint adoption of

in above sentence, adopting is correct, and adoption is incorrect. adopting implies that the states do "adopting" and is correct. in contrast, "adoption" implies the general action which has no doer of "adoption". this is incorrect.

possessive+noun is good because possesive shows the doer of noun. "oganism's attempt" is good. "oganism's" makes general noun "attemp" belong to the doer of "attempt.

in above sentense, I think "by/in their joint adoption" would be correct though it is wordy.

is my thinking correct?, pls comment
Current Student
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 490
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
Followers: 312

Kudos [?]: 1512 [1] , given: 82

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]  18 Jan 2013, 01:31
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
Hi thangvietnam,

In the question you mentioned correct answer is (C)

Option (B) has meaning error-- As per the sentence the imposition is on

1) Truck
2) Bus Engine's polution

Actually the imposition is on pollution by engines of both truck and bus, making (B) incorrect

Both of the modified options below are correct

(B) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines by the joint adoption of
(C) to impose new controls on pollution from truck and bus engines by jointly adopting

Hope it helps.

Vercules
_________________

Senior Manager
Joined: 26 May 2009
Posts: 317
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 40 [0], given: 13

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]  18 Jul 2009, 01:41
Usage of attempt and try is redundant in D and E.
and out of the rest organism's attempt to metabolize .... could be the right usage. So IMO E.

Senior Manager
Joined: 25 Jun 2009
Posts: 306
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 96 [0], given: 6

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]  18 Jul 2009, 02:08
skim wrote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

A and B are awkward and wordy. In A and D attempt to Try is redundant and unidiomatic. Hence E is correct one.

Cheers
Manager
Joined: 28 Mar 2009
Posts: 81
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 110 [0], given: 0

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]  01 Aug 2009, 18:38
OA is indeed E
Retired Moderator
Status: 2000 posts! I don't know whether I should feel great or sad about it! LOL
Joined: 04 Oct 2009
Posts: 1714
Location: Peru
Schools: Harvard, Stanford, Wharton, MIT & HKS (Government)
WE 1: Economic research
WE 2: Banking
WE 3: Government: Foreign Trade and SMEs
Followers: 81

Kudos [?]: 587 [0], given: 109

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]  28 Apr 2011, 18:54
+1 E

However, according to the OG 12th, "chemichal that is irritating IT" and "chemichal irritating IT" are both gramatically correct. But, isn't "IT" ambiguous in this sentence?
_________________

"Life’s battle doesn’t always go to stronger or faster men; but sooner or later the man who wins is the one who thinks he can."

My Integrated Reasoning Logbook / Diary: my-ir-logbook-diary-133264.html

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Manager
Joined: 10 Nov 2010
Posts: 164
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 162 [0], given: 6

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]  28 Apr 2011, 22:55
metallicafan wrote:
+1 E

However, according to the OG 12th, "chemichal that is irritating IT" and "chemichal irritating IT" are both gramatically correct. But, isn't "IT" ambiguous in this sentence?

Hmmm........the logical referent to "it" is "organism",but its in possessive form in the sentence,so not sure whether "it" can refer to "organism" or not.
Manager
Joined: 17 Mar 2010
Posts: 64
WE 1: Deloitte 3 yrs
WE 2: Prok going on
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 2

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]  29 Apr 2011, 02:38
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

So first of all it does not sound good . If it were like

"enzymes are trying...." or like then it would have need our consideration. SO A, B are wrong and we have to use attempt.

(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant (Wordy as attempt to try to...its like saying repeating again )
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it (Wordy)
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

E is clear winner and it has to be the OA.
_________________

Akhil Mittal

I have not failed. I've just found 10000 ways that won't work. Thomas A. Edison

If my post was helpful to you then encourage me by your kudos

Manager
Joined: 28 Sep 2011
Posts: 206
GMAT 1: Q V
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 45 [0], given: 5

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]  08 Mar 2012, 09:45
I have chosen E as the answer:

A. The use of "trying" is very confusing. This should be replaced by a word that is clearer.

B. Again, trying is confusing. The use of the pronoun "it" is confusing to me and seems repetitive if it refers back to organism.

C. Attempt and to try are redundant. The use of "such a" does not make sense in this context.

D. Again, attempt and to try are redundant.

E. Using just the word "attempt" makes the sentence clearer. Without the pronoun "it," the sentence also seems to make more sense because I'm no longer confused about what "it" is supposed to refer to.
Manager
Joined: 07 Dec 2011
Posts: 174
Location: India
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 35 [0], given: 24

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]  23 Mar 2012, 14:10
C and D have "attempt to try" which seems redundant.
Hence E
Manager
Affiliations: IIBA
Joined: 04 Sep 2010
Posts: 60
Location: India
Schools: HBS, Stanford, Stern, Insead, ISB, Wharton, Columbia
WE 1: Information Technology (Banking and Financial Services)
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 15 [0], given: 0

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]  14 Jan 2013, 05:49
vjsharma25 wrote:
metallicafan wrote:
+1 E

However, according to the OG 12th, "chemichal that is irritating IT" and "chemichal irritating IT" are both gramatically correct. But, isn't "IT" ambiguous in this sentence?

Hmmm........the logical referent to "it" is "organism",but its in possessive form in the sentence,so not sure whether "it" can refer to "organism" or not.

I share the same understanding that it can not logically refer to possessive organism's. Can anyone throw some light on this ?
_________________

~soaringAlone
~Live fast, die young and leave a marketable corpse behind !!

Director
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 991
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 68 [0], given: 300

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]  14 Jan 2013, 22:36
Doing vs noun, trying, attempt
Doing is used when creator of doing thi ro rang
Doing is used when there is noun,
My learning is good.

Noun is used to refer to general action. Posseive +noun is used to show the creator of action because noun is general.
if noun exist (attempt) never use possessive+doing.
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species (og problem)

pls comment
Intern
Joined: 28 Nov 2012
Posts: 48
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 15 [0], given: 3

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]  17 Jan 2013, 17:38
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

a/b just wrong 'organism's trying

d is gone because 'to try and metabolize'

took e over c because of concision/clarity and I didn't like 'such a chemical irritant.
Director
Joined: 17 Apr 2013
Posts: 626
Schools: HBS '16
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V36
GMAT 2: 750 Q51 V41
GMAT 3: 790 Q51 V49
GPA: 3.3
Followers: 31

Kudos [?]: 198 [0], given: 284

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]  06 Aug 2013, 01:55
cipher wrote:
skim wrote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

A and B are awkward and wordy. In A and D attempt to Try is redundant and unidiomatic. Hence E is correct one.

Cheers

Can some One guide me what is the Idiom here?
_________________

Like my post Send me a Kudos It is a Good manner.
My Debrief: how-to-score-750-and-750-i-moved-from-710-to-189016.html

Intern
Joined: 06 Oct 2012
Posts: 17
Concentration: Strategy, Other
GMAT Date: 06-24-2013
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 5

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]  27 Nov 2013, 10:08
skim wrote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

Hi Experts,

the phrase "that are organism's...." is modifying "enzymes" or clause "dioxin induces the production of enzymes"?
as "that" is followed by "are" hence it should be "enzymes" but analysis of meaning suggests that it should be "dioxin induces the production of enzymes".

e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1897
Followers: 1717

Kudos [?]: 5345 [0], given: 232

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]  09 Dec 2013, 09:17
Expert's post
Mission2012 wrote:
skim wrote:
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species dioxin induces the production of enzymes that are the organism’s trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(A) trying to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical that is irritating it.
(B) trying that it metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant
(C) attempt to try to metabolize, or render harmless, such a chemical irritant
(D) attempt to try and metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritating it
(E) attempt to metabolize, or render harmless, the chemical irritant

Hi Experts,

the phrase "that are organism's...." is modifying "enzymes" or clause "dioxin induces the production of enzymes"?
as "that" is followed by "are" hence it should be "enzymes" but analysis of meaning suggests that it should be "dioxin induces the production of enzymes".

Hi there,

You are correct in saying that the plural verb "are" indicates that "that" refers to enzymes. The meaning is that dioxin induces something: what does it induce? It induces the production of enzymes. These enzymes are the organism's attempt to metabolize the chemical or render it harmless. I agree that it would be more logical to infer that the production of the enzymes should be the entity being modified, but from the intended meaning of the sentence, it is clear that "that are" refers to enzymes since this part is not underlined.

I hope this helps!

Regards,
Meghna
_________________

Aiming to score 760+ on the GMAT? Attend our free webinars to learn how to:

[*] Master Number Properties
[*] Ace Critical Reasoning

The webinars will start at 7 AM PST on the 11th and 12th of July, 2015.

Senior Manager
Joined: 08 Apr 2013
Posts: 295
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 27

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species [#permalink]  25 May 2014, 23:20
no one fully explain why "trying" is wong here. read the Ron's explanation of doing in "joint adoption" question
_________________

If anyone in this gmat forum is in England,Britain, pls, email to me, (thanghnvn@gmail.com) . I have some questions and need your advise. Thank a lot.

Re: In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species   [#permalink] 25 May 2014, 23:20

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 25 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
15 In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species 17 28 Jul 2012, 22:46
7 Desert are inhabited with several distinct animal species, 9 20 Aug 2009, 02:18
In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species, 4 28 Oct 2007, 14:49
8 The number of plant and animal species that humans are known 14 20 Aug 2007, 15:08
The number of plants and animal species that humans are 15 25 Mar 2006, 18:08
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# In virtually all types of tissue in every animal species

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.