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# Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since

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Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since [#permalink]

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23 May 2012, 12:24
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Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

A. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country
B. killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
C. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, which has lead to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
D. had killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
E. has been killing 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaring of an emergency in the country

[Reveal] Spoiler:
i chose E ...the action is still continuing ..it shuld be has been ....but its wrong .. y ..?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Abhishek009 on 06 Sep 2016, 10:23, edited 1 time in total.
Underlined relevant part and used spoiler
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since [#permalink]

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23 May 2012, 13:16
the meaning of the sentence requires present tense. B, D, E Out. In C "which" is referring "month". wrong. A stays.
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since [#permalink]

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23 May 2012, 13:46
y present tense is required ..?
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since [#permalink]

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23 May 2012, 23:34
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The use of a present tense verb here is not possible, because it is not one of the choices; present tense verb in this context is kills. Has killed is present perfect and has been killing present perfect progressive. Since ther is no simple present tense, the choice falls among present perfect, present perfect progressive, the simple past, and the past perfect.

The setting of the passage is in present tense, so there is no place for either a past tense or a past perfect verb in this case.
We cannot say that the volcano has been killing 191 people, since it erupted last month. This means that the volcano has been killing all the 191 people inch by inch from day one until date. This is an outlandish reasoning.
So the present perfect has killed is the appropriate tense. A and C are left. Between them, C has relative pronoun touch rule problem since, which seems to refer to last month, an illogical, and unfitting reference. A is the correct one.
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since [#permalink]

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24 May 2012, 00:19
thanks daagh..it was a gud explanation ...
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2013, 05:35
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Sachin9 wrote:
daagh wrote:
The use of a present tense verb here is not possible, because it is not one of the choices; present tense verb in this context is kills. Has killed is present perfect and has been killing present perfect progressive. Since ther is no simple present tense, the choice falls among present perfect, present perfect progressive, the simple past, and the past perfect.

The setting of the passage is in present tense, so there is no place for either a past tense or a past perfect verb in this case.
We cannot say that the volcano has been killing 191 people, since it erupted last month. This means that the volcano has been killing all the 191 people inch by inch from day one until date. This is an outlandish reasoning.
So the present perfect has killed is the appropriate tense. A and C are left. Between them, C has relative pronoun touch rule problem since, which seems to refer to last month, an illogical, and unfitting reference. A is the correct one.

What is wrong with B mate?

"Since" indicates a continued action on the other hand "killed" indicates a past action. Hence b which uses a past action with since is incorrect. Present perfect has killed is the right combination here with since.
Hope it helps.
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2013, 13:29
deepti1206 wrote:
Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
A. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country
B. killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
C. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, which has lead to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
D. had killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
E. has been killing 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaring of an emergency in the country

i chose E ...the action is still continuing ..it shuld be has been ....but its wrong .. y ..?

Most often Present perfect continuous is wrong.
Choose present perfect over perfect continuous.
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2013, 20:11
gmatverbalPrep wrote:
deepti1206 wrote:
Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
A. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country
B. killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
C. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, which has lead to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
D. had killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.
E. has been killing 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaring of an emergency in the country

i chose E ...the action is still continuing ..it shuld be has been ....but its wrong .. y ..?

Most often Present perfect continuous is wrong.
Choose present perfect over perfect continuous.

Can't be generalized I believe. There may be traps set.
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2016, 23:02
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2016, 06:21
when since is used as a reason use any tense

when since is used as a timeline use Present perfect . //
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Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since   [#permalink] 05 Oct 2016, 06:21
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