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Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of

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Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of [#permalink] New post 11 Nov 2011, 12:11
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

58% (02:18) correct 41% (02:05) wrong based on 58 sessions
Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of promoting the Distopian intervention in the Arcadian civil war merely to ensure that the industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia made substantial profits during the war. Yet this cannot be the motive since, as the Distopians foresaw, Distopia’s federal expenses for the intervention were eight billion dollars, whereas, during the war, profits from the Distopian industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia totaled only four billion dollars.
Which of the following, if true, exposes a serious flaw in the argument made in the second sentence above?

(A) During the Arcadian war, many Distopian industrialists with facilities located in Arcadia experienced a significant rise in productivity in their facilities located in Distopia.
(B) The largest proportion of Distopia’s federal expenses is borne by those who receive no significant industrial profits.
(C) Most Distopian industrialists’ facilities located in Arcadia are expected to maintain the level of profits they achieved during the war.
(D) Distopian industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia made substantial profits before the events that triggered the civil war.
(E) Many Distopians expressed concern over the suffering that Arcadians underwent during the civil war.



Guys - can someone please let me know what's the reasoning behind correct answer B?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Serious Flaw [#permalink] New post 11 Nov 2011, 12:24
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Clear B.

The first part states that,

Industrialists motive of making profit during the war was the reason they made Distopia intervene in the civil war.

Second line opposes that by stating,

Federal expenses of intervention was 8 billion $, whereas the profit made is only 4 billion $. Hence the industrialists motive is not money making.

Question - What is the flaw in the 2nd sentence.
The answer is B because, it states that the profit of 4 billion $ is shared only among the industrialists, whereas the expense of 8 billion $ is imposed on all the citizens of Distopia. Clearly the industrialists make huge profits. Hence there is a profit reason behind the industrialists motive. Hence there is a flaw in the second sentence.
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Re: Serious Flaw [#permalink] New post 22 Oct 2013, 08:37
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tuanquang269 wrote:
I now understood why B correct. Can anyone explain the main answer choices, why they are wrong?


Let's see:
The argument assumes that the 8bn expenses will cancel the industrialists' profits.

A During the Arcadian war, many Distopian industrialists with facilities located in Arcadia experienced a significant rise in productivity in their facilities located in Distopia.
(This doesn't address the issue properly. If this is true, we will still have to cope with the 8 billion dollars expenses. Hence incorrect)

B The largest proportion of Distopia’s federal expenses is borne by those who receive no significant industrial profits.
(If this is true then the profits will go to the industrialists and the expenses will be sustained by someone else. Hence it's what we are looking for.)

C Most Distopian industrialists’ facilities located in Arcadia are expected to maintain the level of profits they achieved during the war.
(We are not really concerned with what happens in the aftermath. Hence incorrect)

D Distopian industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia made substantial profits before the events that triggered the civil war.
(We don't really care what happened before, the issue is not addressed. Hence incorrect)

E Many Distopians expressed concern over the suffering that Arcadians underwent during the civil war.
(This is totally out of scope, we don't care at all)

I hope this will help.
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Re: Serious Flaw [#permalink] New post 11 Nov 2011, 15:35
B is correct. The second sentence states that the motive was not money making

However

(B) The largest proportion of Distopia’s federal expenses is borne by those who receive no significant industrial profits.

So 8 billion expense is upon all the citizens in Dystopia, 4 billion profit is shared among the industrialists. Clearly they made a lot of profit, hence a flaw.
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Re: Serious Flaw [#permalink] New post 13 Nov 2011, 00:19
I now understood why B correct. Can anyone explain the main answer choices, why they are wrong?
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Re: Serious Flaw   [#permalink] 13 Nov 2011, 00:19
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