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Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of [#permalink]
14 Aug 2005, 08:34
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19. Industrialists from the country Distopia were
accused of promoting the Distopian intervention in
the Arcadian civil war merely to insure that the
industrialists' facilities in Arcadia made substantial
profits during the war. Yet this cannot be the motive
since, as the Distopians foresaw, Distopia's federal
expenses for the intervention were eight billion
dollars, whereas, during the war, profits from the
Distopian industrialistsâ€™ facilities in Arcadia totaled
only four billion dollars.
Which of the following, if true, exposes a serious
flaw in the argument made in the second sentence
(A) During the Arcadian war, many Distopian
industrialists with facilities located in Arcadia
experienced a significant rise in productivity
in their facilities located in Distopia
(B) The largest proportion of Distopia's federal
expenses is borne by those who receive no
significant industrial profits.
(C) Most Distopian industrialists' facilities located
in Arcadia are expected to maintain the level
of profits they achieved during the war.
(D) Distopian industrialists' facilities in Arcadia
made substantial profits before the events
that triggered the civil war.
(E) Many Distopians expressed concern over the
suffering that Arcadians underwent during
the civil war.
The second sentence states that Distopia made a net loss, so the the industrialists did not realize their plan. (B) tells us that the intervention expenses were borne mostly by non-industrialists (the way I see it), so the industrialists actually achieved their goal and made profits for themselves.
(C) tells us that most industrialists will maintain their profits after the war. First, "most" does not mean "all", so what if industrialists as a whole lose? Second, the statement implies that there is a chance that the companies will maintain the level of profits in the long run, and Distopia's net loss from the war will be offset. This moves the argument out of scope, because the first sentence leads us to focus on "during the war", as the time when the industrialists wanted to make a profit.
C actually supports the agrument, in a weird sort of way. It says that the facilities will continue to profit even after the war is done, so in a way saying that industrialist's profits from the war werent unusual. Not sure if that makes sense, in any case, we dont really care about the future plans we need to undermine the arguments conclusion, and C doesnt do it.
It's a great question. I picked B just by the process of elimination, not because I really find it (B) convincing