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# Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of

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Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2008, 19:29
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Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of promoting the Distopian intervention in the Arcadian civil war merely to insure that the industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia made substantial profits during the war. Yet this cannot be the motive since, as the Distopians foresaw, Distopia’s federal expenses for the intervention were eight billion dollars, whereas, during the war, profits from the Distopian industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia totaled only four billion dollars.
Which of the following, if true, exposes a serious flaw in the argument made in the second sentence above?
(A) During the Arcadian war, many Distopian industrialists with facilities located in Arcadia experienced a significant rise in productivity in their facilities located in Distopia.
(B) The largest proportion of Distopia’s federal expenses is borne by those who receive no significant industrial profits.
(C) Most Distopian industrialists’ facilities located in Arcadia are expected to maintain the level of profits they achieved during the war.
(D) Distopian industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia made substantial profits before the events that triggered the civil war.
(E) Many Distopians expressed concern over the suffering that Arcadians underwent during the civil war.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2008, 19:35
spriya wrote:
Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of promoting the Distopian intervention in the Arcadian civil war merely to insure that the industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia made substantial profits during the war. Yet this cannot be the motive since, as the Distopians foresaw, Distopia’s federal expenses for the intervention were eight billion dollars, whereas, during the war, profits from the Distopian industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia totaled only four billion dollars.
Which of the following, if true, exposes a serious flaw in the argument made in the second sentence above?
(A) During the Arcadian war, many Distopian industrialists with facilities located in Arcadia experienced a significant rise in productivity in their facilities located in Distopia.
(B) The largest proportion of Distopia’s federal expenses is borne by those who receive no significant industrial profits.
(C) Most Distopian industrialists’ facilities located in Arcadia are expected to maintain the level of profits they achieved during the war.
(D) Distopian industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia made substantial profits before the events that triggered the civil war.
(E) Many Distopians expressed concern over the suffering that Arcadians underwent during the civil war.

IMO A)

B) does not affect argument
C) does not weaken or strengthen argument
D) makes argument stronger
E) has no relation
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Re: Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2008, 21:36
nmohindru wrote:
spriya wrote:
Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of promoting the Distopian intervention in the Arcadian civil war merely to insure that the industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia made substantial profits during the war. Yet this cannot be the motive since, as the Distopians foresaw, Distopia’s federal expenses for the intervention were eight billion dollars, whereas, during the war, profits from the Distopian industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia totaled only four billion dollars.
Which of the following, if true, exposes a serious flaw in the argument made in the second sentence above?
(A) During the Arcadian war, many Distopian industrialists with facilities located in Arcadia experienced a significant rise in productivity in their facilities located in Distopia.
(B) The largest proportion of Distopia’s federal expenses is borne by those who receive no significant industrial profits.
(C) Most Distopian industrialists’ facilities located in Arcadia are expected to maintain the level of profits they achieved during the war.
(D) Distopian industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia made substantial profits before the events that triggered the civil war.
(E) Many Distopians expressed concern over the suffering that Arcadians underwent during the civil war.

IMO A)

B) does not affect argument
C) does not weaken or strengthen argument
D) makes argument stronger
E) has no relation

Why do u think A is a flaw when it says investing during war leads to increased productivity?Again the argument is about profits expected from investment and how does this option affect the same.
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Re: Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2008, 23:18
spriya wrote:
nmohindru wrote:
spriya wrote:
Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of promoting the Distopian intervention in the Arcadian civil war merely to insure that the industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia made substantial profits during the war. Yet this cannot be the motive since, as the Distopians foresaw, Distopia’s federal expenses for the intervention were eight billion dollars, whereas, during the war, profits from the Distopian industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia totaled only four billion dollars.
Which of the following, if true, exposes a serious flaw in the argument made in the second sentence above?
(A) During the Arcadian war, many Distopian industrialists with facilities located in Arcadia experienced a significant rise in productivity in their facilities located in Distopia.
(B) The largest proportion of Distopia’s federal expenses is borne by those who receive no significant industrial profits.
(C) Most Distopian industrialists’ facilities located in Arcadia are expected to maintain the level of profits they achieved during the war.
(D) Distopian industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia made substantial profits before the events that triggered the civil war.
(E) Many Distopians expressed concern over the suffering that Arcadians underwent during the civil war.

IMO A)

B) does not affect argument
C) does not weaken or strengthen argument
D) makes argument stronger
E) has no relation

Why do u think A is a flaw when it says investing during war leads to increased productivity?Again the argument is about profits expected from investment and how does this option affect the same.

A) says "significant rise in productivity" which leads to increase in profits.
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Re: Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2008, 01:49
spriya wrote:
Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of promoting the Distopian intervention in the Arcadian civil war merely to insure that the industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia made substantial profits during the war. Yet this cannot be the motive since, as the Distopians foresaw, Distopia’s federal expenses for the intervention were eight billion dollars, whereas, during the war, profits from the Distopian industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia totaled only four billion dollars.
Which of the following, if true, exposes a serious flaw in the argument made in the second sentence above?
(A) During the Arcadian war, many Distopian industrialists with facilities located in Arcadia experienced a significant rise in productivity in their facilities located in Distopia.
(B) The largest proportion of Distopia’s federal expenses is borne by those who receive no significant industrial profits.
(C) Most Distopian industrialists’ facilities located in Arcadia are expected to maintain the level of profits they achieved during the war.
(D) Distopian industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia made substantial profits before the events that triggered the civil war.
(E) Many Distopians expressed concern over the suffering that Arcadians underwent during the civil war.

B - if the expenses of the war are borne by others, industrialists are set to gain $4 billion dollars. This shows a flaw in the argument. VP Joined: 17 Jun 2008 Posts: 1397 Followers: 8 Kudos [?]: 225 [1] , given: 0 Re: Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of [#permalink] ### Show Tags 02 Aug 2008, 10:11 1 This post received KUDOS sanjay_gmat wrote: spriya wrote: Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of promoting the Distopian intervention in the Arcadian civil war merely to insure that the industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia made substantial profits during the war. Yet this cannot be the motive since, as the Distopians foresaw, Distopia’s federal expenses for the intervention were eight billion dollars, whereas, during the war, profits from the Distopian industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia totaled only four billion dollars. Which of the following, if true, exposes a serious flaw in the argument made in the second sentence above? (A) During the Arcadian war, many Distopian industrialists with facilities located in Arcadia experienced a significant rise in productivity in their facilities located in Distopia. (B) The largest proportion of Distopia’s federal expenses is borne by those who receive no significant industrial profits. (C) Most Distopian industrialists’ facilities located in Arcadia are expected to maintain the level of profits they achieved during the war. (D) Distopian industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia made substantial profits before the events that triggered the civil war. (E) Many Distopians expressed concern over the suffering that Arcadians underwent during the civil war. B - if the expenses of the war are borne by others, industrialists are set to gain$4 billion dollars. This shows a flaw in the argument.

Here this sounds correct since the main purpose of the argument is based on gaining profit when that is itself attacked in (B) ,it becomes flaw

Rest regarding (A) ,rise in productivity does not say increase in profit until and unless mentioned explicitly.
(B) is better hence .

OA is B
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Re: Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2010, 09:08
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Industrialists of country D were accused of promoting country D's intervention in the war.
The next statement directly says - this cannot be true because overall profit was $4bn whereas federal expenses were$8bn.
The implicit assumption of the second sentence is that industry had to pay for the war expenses. .
Read the argument carefully, no such thing has been explicitly said.

Now, if the industry was not supposed to pay for the war expenses, why on earth would they be bothered about how much expense the govt will have to bear.
this is exactly what choice B says.
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Re: Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2010, 12:24
I am confused by this questions....Is there an official explanation?
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Re: Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2010, 08:16
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The answer is B here .

Argument : Industrialists backed their nation's intervention in war to promote their business interests.

Counter Argument : This was not possible because , the war cost 8 billion whereas the profit was 4 billion only .

The flaw is that the argument assumes that those industralists who promote the war are the ones who bear the cost of war. Hence it is trying to direclty correlate between the war cost and business profit .

We will have to prove that the industralists who profited are not the ones who contributed to the war cost and the relevance is not there . B says that precisely.
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Re: Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2010, 02:37
Yes this type of questions are confusing.. but OA is correct...
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Re: Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2010, 06:49
This question is very confusing...
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Re: Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2012, 04:22
IMO B....

finding assumption is the key here.......
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Re: Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2013, 02:33
This question is really really confusing ... is there an official explanation??
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Re: Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2014, 14:56
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Re: Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of [#permalink]

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03 May 2016, 11:04
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2016, 23:39
This is an excellent question.
It is a combo of find the assumption and then find the flaw question.
The correct solution to this question will be very satisfying to the test taker.

Lets quickly break the question stem in premise and conclusion

Premise 1) Industrialist of Nation D are accused of intervening in civil war of Nation A to ensure profit
Premise 2) Government of Nation D's used 8 billion dollars in intervention. (Federal means government.)
Premise 3) Industrialist only gained 4 billion
Conclusion) Since money invested was 8 billion and Industrialist get only 4 billion in return, their motive was not to make profit. DONT ACCUSE THEM

This looks like a very cogent and strong argument. Why it is so strong:- because the argument is assuming that all 8 billion was invested by industrialist
Assumption):- Entire 8 billion was invested by the industrialist.

See it yourself by rereading the argument again this time with the ASSUMPTION
Premise 1) Industrialist of Nation D are accused of intervening in civil war of Nation A to ensure profit
Premise 2) Government of Nation D's used 8 billion dollars as expenses for the intervention.
Assumption):- Entire 8 billion expense was borne by the industrialist.
Premise 3) Industrialist only gained 4 billion
Conclusion) Since money invested was 8 billion and Industrialist get only 4 billion in return, their motive was not to make profit. DONT ACCUSE THEM

Now we have found the ASSUMPTION.
And now we will find the flaw.
What if Industrialist gave only 1 billion and got 4 billion in return. Then it will mean Industrialist's motive was to make profit.

What option proves that Industrialist invested less and made more money and that was Industrialist main Aim. --- to make profit.
(B) The largest proportion of federal expenses is borne by those who receive no significant industrial profits.

Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of promoting the Distopian intervention in the Arcadian civil war merely to insure that the industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia made substantial profits during the war. Yet this cannot be the motive since, as the Distopians foresaw, Distopia’s federal expenses for the intervention were eight billion dollars, whereas, during the war, profits from the Distopian industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia totaled only four billion dollars.
Which of the following, if true, exposes a serious flaw in the argument made in the second sentence above?
(A) During the Arcadian war, many Distopian industrialists with facilities located in Arcadia experienced a significant rise in productivity in their facilities located in Distopia.
(B) The largest proportion of Distopia’s federal expenses is borne by those who receive no significant industrial profits.
(C) Most Distopian industrialists’ facilities located in Arcadia are expected to maintain the level of profits they achieved during the war.
(D) Distopian industrialists’ facilities in Arcadia made substantial profits before the events that triggered the civil war.
(E) Many Distopians expressed concern over the suffering that Arcadians underwent during the civil war.
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Industrialists from the country Distopia were accused of   [#permalink] 13 Jun 2016, 23:39
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