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Industrialized nations

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Industrialized nations [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2010, 12:42
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

60% (02:52) correct 40% (01:57) wrong based on 15 sessions
Please your help with the following question:

In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.

9. Which of the following inferences about industrialization is best supported by the passage above?
(A) People in advanced industrialized societies have more leisure time than those in nonindustrialized societies.
(B) An average workday of twelve hours or more is peculiar to economies in the early stages of industrialization.
(C) Industrialization involves a trade-off between tedious, monotonous jobs and the benefits of increased leisure.
(D) It is likely that the extended workday of an industrializing country will eventually be shortened.
(E) As industrialization progresses, people tend to look for self-fulfillment in leisure rather than work.

OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D


why is B wrong? I think that is similar to B.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Industrialized nations [#permalink] New post 08 Jul 2010, 06:21
metallicafan wrote:
Please your help with the following question:

In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.

9. Which of the following inferences about industrialization is best supported by the passage above?
(A) People in advanced industrialized societies have more leisure time than those in nonindustrialized societies.
(B) An average workday of twelve hours or more is peculiar to economies in the early stages of industrialization.
(C) Industrialization involves a trade-off between tedious, monotonous jobs and the benefits of increased leisure.
(D) It is likely that the extended workday of an industrializing country will eventually be shortened.
(E) As industrialization progresses, people tend to look for self-fulfillment in leisure rather than work.

OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D


why is B wrong? I think that is similar to B.


It's D.

Why D :given in the argument :" shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization".

Why not B: Long hours may be peculiar to early as well as Not So early stages..!!
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Re: Industrialized nations [#permalink] New post 15 Jul 2010, 08:26
I agree with above its D and not B
because it does not state when the drop off occurs, the prompt only states that at some stage work changes from heavy to light so it is improper to assume that the prompt means early stage.
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Re: Industrialized nations [#permalink] New post 15 Jul 2010, 09:12
its D:
others can be eliminated

A: even non industrialized societies have more leisure time
B:nothing mentioned about the stage of industrialization with respect to long hours
C:nothing stated about monotonous jobs
E:nothing mentioned about self:fulfillment..
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Re: Industrialized nations [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2010, 03:20
source ?
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Re: Industrialized nations [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2010, 08:05
One more :

In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.
Which of the following, if true, would most greatly strengthen the argument made in the passage above?
(A) In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization.
(B) The life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans.
(C) The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities.
(D) The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours.
(E) The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours.
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Re: Industrialized nations [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2010, 08:13
metallicafan wrote:

why is B wrong? I think that is similar to B.


The catch is the time reference - how early or when?
(B) An average workday of twelve hours or more is peculiar to economies in the early stages of industrialization. ----> this cannot be inferred without getting questioned.
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Re: Industrialized nations   [#permalink] 17 Jul 2010, 08:13
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