ING Modifier cannot show contrast? : GMAT Verbal Section
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ING Modifier cannot show contrast?

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ING Modifier cannot show contrast? [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2013, 06:26
I just wanted to confirm that ING modifier cannot show contrast right?
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Re: ING Modifier cannot show contrast? [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2013, 08:23
fozzzy wrote:
I just wanted to confirm that ING modifier cannot show contrast right?


Hi Fozzzy, I'm not sure I understand the question. Can you elaborate a little more or provide an example that is vexing you?

Ron being happy / Ron being happier?
Ron looks happy / Ron is looking happy?

Thanks!
-Ron
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Re: ING Modifier cannot show contrast? [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2013, 16:13
fozzzy wrote:
I just wanted to confirm that ING modifier cannot show contrast right?


Yes, please explain and provide any related GMAT questions.

KW
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Re: ING Modifier cannot show contrast? [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2013, 01:57
The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.

(A) but supplementing
(B) and had supplemented
(C) and even though they supplemented
(D) although they supplemented
(E) but with supplementing

I saw an explanation on this forum about the ING modifier showing contrast so thought I would confirm if it's true or not...
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Re: ING Modifier cannot show contrast? [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2013, 06:50
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Hi Fozzzy, now I think I understand the question better. Thanks for clarifying.

In this sentence: The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting

The author is implying that the Iroquois were primarily this, but also did a little of that. The "ing" modifier here (supplementing) modifies the entire previous sentence (the Iroquois were primarily planters), and would indicate a continuation of the same though. I.E. Ron was a strong student, graduating near the top of his class.... The "graduating" necessarily continues the same logic, and thus doesn't show contrast.

Now compare to "Ron was a strong student, but graduated near the bottom of his class due to a lack of focus". This shows the contrast of saying one thing, but then demonstrating another. In the example you've provided, the choice that properly shows this contrast is answer choice D, so that should be the correct answer.

Hope this helps!
-Ron
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Re: ING Modifier cannot show contrast?   [#permalink] 14 Jun 2013, 06:50
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