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Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the [#permalink]
24 Apr 2006, 06:40
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Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans and begin raising cotton instead, thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly, at least over the next several years.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the planâ€™s chances for success?
A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several years and is expected to continue to climb.
B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infested cotton crops.
C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for cotton and for goods made out of cotton.
D. Few consumers would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton goods than they are now paying.
E. The species of insect that has infested cotton plants has never been known to attack soybean plants.
"B" weakens the argument most seriously,as the price of the cotton increased because the insects spoiled the crop,but now better pesticide is available and the crops will be protected.
Therefore no price rise.
I go with B. B is the only answer choice which relates the thinking of the farmers. Their assumption is the cost of cotton will be higher as insects will continue to consume the crop. If a pesticide is found to terminate the insects, the cost of cotton may not be as high and moving from soybean cultivation to cotton cultivation will not be prolific.