Instead of blaming an airline accident on pilot error, : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 23 Jan 2017, 16:27

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Instead of blaming an airline accident on pilot error,

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Oct 2006
Posts: 438
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

27 Oct 2006, 01:53
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

100% (03:22) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 5 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Instead of blaming an airline accident on pilot error, investigators should find out why the error was made by analyzing airplane design, airline management, and pilot-training programs. For only then can changes be made to ensure that the same type of error does not recur and cause another accident.
Which of the following is a presupposition of the argument above?
(A) Pilot error is not a contributing factor in most airline accidents.
(B) Airline companies themselves should be the agents who investigate airline accidents.
(C) Stricter government regulation of airline companies will make air travel significantly safer.
(D) Investigators of airline accidents should contribute to the prevention of future accidents.
(E) Most pilots who make errors in flying will repeat their errors unless they are retrained.

If you have any questions
New!
Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Jul 2006
Posts: 361
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

27 Oct 2006, 03:30
By POE it shld be

D ( no other choice makes any sense)

( Instead of blaming an airline accident on pilot error, investigators should find out the the main cause, ----- contribution to the prevention of future accidents )
VP
Joined: 21 Aug 2006
Posts: 1025
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 31 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

27 Oct 2006, 04:41
arjsingh1976 wrote:
Instead of blaming an airline accident on pilot error, investigators should find out why the error was made by analyzing airplane design, airline management, and pilot-training programs. For only then can changes be made to ensure that the same type of error does not recur and cause another accident.
Which of the following is a presupposition of the argument above?
(A) Pilot error is not a contributing factor in most airline accidents.
(B) Airline companies themselves should be the agents who investigate airline accidents.
(C) Stricter government regulation of airline companies will make air travel significantly safer.
(D) Investigators of airline accidents should contribute to the prevention of future accidents.
(E) Most pilots who make errors in flying will repeat their errors unless they are retrained.

This was posted by Matt recently. We had a terrific discussion. Pls check
_________________

The path is long, but self-surrender makes it short;
the way is difficult, but perfect trust makes it easy.

Director
Joined: 06 Sep 2006
Posts: 743
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

27 Oct 2006, 07:01
B sounds right.
Manager
Joined: 31 Aug 2006
Posts: 213
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

27 Oct 2006, 07:03
I think it is (D)
Manager
Joined: 29 Jul 2006
Posts: 92
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

29 Oct 2006, 11:48
The argument assume that Investigators should not just investigate the accident, but, should also have a hand in lowering accident rates. Therefore D is the answer
VP
Joined: 25 Jun 2006
Posts: 1172
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 148 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

29 Oct 2006, 22:31
go for D.

by POE.
VP
Joined: 14 May 2006
Posts: 1415
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 174 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

29 Oct 2006, 22:34
I will stick with D here
Director
Joined: 04 Jun 2016
Posts: 656
GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V43
Followers: 50

Kudos [?]: 201 [0], given: 36

### Show Tags

31 Jul 2016, 21:32
arjsingh1976 wrote:
Instead of blaming an airline accident on pilot error, investigators should find out why the error was made by analyzing airplane design, airline management, and pilot-training programs. For only then can changes be made to ensure that the same type of error does not recur and cause another accident.
Which of the following is a presupposition of the argument above?
(A) Pilot error is not a contributing factor in most airline accidents.
(B) Airline companies themselves should be the agents who investigate airline accidents.
(C) Stricter government regulation of airline companies will make air travel significantly safer.
(D) Investigators of airline accidents should contribute to the prevention of future accidents.
(E) Most pilots who make errors in flying will repeat their errors unless they are retrained.

Very very good and easy question.
THE ANSWER IS E AND E ONLY.

Explaination :- Questions asks us what is the "pre-supposition. It means what ASSUMPTIONS were made while reaching the conclusion"

There are 2 techniques to find the Assumption
1) ASSUMPTION NEGATION :- First find the premise and conclusion of the argument. Then negate answer choices only by one. The answer choice which after negation makes the conclusion weak is the correct answer. THIS IS THE TECHNIQUE MOST PEOPLE USE TO FIND ASSUMPTION
2) ASSUMPTION ADDITION :- Assumption is a premise that is not written or expressed in the argument. But assumption is an important premise to reach the conclusion. In this type of questions a strong unstated assumption is always present in the option choices that when inserted in the argument make it complete. So in this technique you add one of the OPTION from answer choices as a Premise just before the Conclusion. The answer choice that makes the argument complete is correct.

NOW LETS GET TO THE BRASS TACKS (BRASS TACKS is an idiom that means "focus on the issue in hand" )
We will use ASSUMPTION ADDITION technique.
First we will have to quickly identify and isolate the PREMISES and CONCLUSION of the argument.
Premise 1) Don't blame pilot for accidents.
Premise 2) Investigate why error was made by analysing these areas :- airplane design (X), management (Y), and PILOT TRAINING PROGRAM (Z)
Premise 3) ----HERE WE WILL ADD THE ANSWER OPTIONS A,B,C,D,E --ONE BY ONE-----
Conclusion) Only after making changes in design, management and pilot's training we can ensure similar type of accidents does occur in future

SO add option E in place of PREMISE 3 and see how the argument becomes fool proof, cogent and strong.

Premise 1) Don't blame pilot for accidents.
Premise 2) Investigate why error was made by analysing these areas :- airplane design (X), management (Y), and PILOT TRAINING PROGRAM.
Premise 3) (E) Most pilots who make errors in flying will repeat their errors unless they are retrained.
Conclusion) Only after making changes in X, Y and Pilot's training(Z) we can ensure that similar kind of accident does occur in future

Instead of blaming an airline accident on pilot error, investigators should find out why the error was made by analyzing airplane design, airline management, and pilot-training programs. For only then can changes be made to ensure that the same type of error does not recur and cause another accident.
Which of the following is a presupposition of the argument above?
(A) Pilot error is not a contributing factor in most airline accidents.
(Reverse answer. Pilot training is the most important factor)
(B) Airline companies themselves should be the agents who investigate airline accidents.
(Irrelevant to the issue)
(C) Stricter government regulation of airline companies will make air travel significantly safer.
(Out of scope)
(D) Investigators of airline accidents should contribute to the prevention of future accidents.
(investigators may or may not be contributing. No information in the passage to validate this option)
(E) Most pilots who make errors in flying will repeat their errors unless they are retrained.
(yup correct answer :- Don't blame pilots for accidents. you don't gave them proper training. An inexperienced pilot will keep causing accidents unless you train him properly.)
_________________

Posting an answer without an explanation is "GOD COMPLEX". The world doesn't need any more gods. Please explain you answers properly.
FINAL GOODBYE :- 17th SEPTEMBER 2016.

Re: Instead of blaming an airline accident on pilot error,   [#permalink] 31 Jul 2016, 21:32
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
7 #Top150 CR: Instead of blaming an automobile accident on driver error 5 23 Sep 2015, 00:16
76 Instead of blaming an automobile accident on driver error, 47 14 Aug 2012, 00:01
7 Instead of blaming an airline accident on pilot error, 22 07 Aug 2009, 11:13
Instead of blaming an airline accident on pilot error, 8 21 May 2009, 01:52
1 Instead of blaming an airline accident on pilot error, 8 05 Apr 2007, 10:39
Display posts from previous: Sort by