ykaiim wrote:

IMO B or D.

1. If K = 2\(\sqrt{2}\)+1, then

k-1 is divisible by 2, but \(k^2\) is not odd.---------------I am not sure if this is correct as a square root is divisible by an integer. If Yes, then S1 is sufficient.

2. S2 is Sufficient.

sjayasa wrote:

I am not very sure too. But IMO D. I guess if you say K is divisible by 2, then the multiple should not be irrational.

A alone is SUFFICIENT. IMO

B alone is SUFFICIENT. For any odd number K, the sum of the first K consecutive numbers is always divisible by K.

Proof for B:

Any odd numnber K can be represented as 2n+1(where n is an integer).

The sum of any 2n+1 consecutive integers, with a as the first term and 2n+1 as the last term, is;

a + (a+d) + (a+2d) + (a+3d) + ... + (a+(n-1)d) = n(first term + last term)/2

a + (a+1) + (a+2) + ... + (a+2n) = (2n+1)(2a+2n)/2 = (2n+1)(a+n) [common difference d = 1 in this case]

It is obvious that this is divisible by 2n+1, our original odd number.

When we say that number \(a\) is divisible by number \(b\) it means: \(a\) and \(b\) are integers AND \(\frac{a}{b}=integer\).

Is K^2 odd?

(1) K-1 is divisable by 2 --> \(k-1=2n\) --> \(k=2n+1=odd\) --> \(k^2=odd^2=odd\). Sufficient.

(2) The sum of K consecutive integer is divisible by K:

• If k is odd, the sum of k consecutive integers is always divisible by k. Given \(\{9,10,11\}\), we have \(k=3=odd\) consecutive integers. The sum of 9+10+11=30, therefore, is divisible by 3.

• If k is even, the sum of k consecutive integers is never divisible by k. Given \(\{9,10,11,12\}\), we have \(k=4=even\) consecutive integers. The sum of 9+10+11+12=42, therefore, is not divisible by 4.

So as \(\frac{sum \ of \ k \ consecutive \ integers}{k}=integer\), then \(k=odd\) --> \(k^2=odd^2=odd\). Sufficient.

Answer: D.

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