Is the positive integer P a prime number? : GMAT Data Sufficiency (DS)
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# Is the positive integer P a prime number?

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Is the positive integer P a prime number? [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2014, 06:59
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47% (02:33) correct 53% (01:33) wrong based on 96 sessions

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Is the positive integer P a prime number?

(1) (P+2) and (P+4) are prime
(2) (P-2) and (P-4) are prime

Source: 4Gmat
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Is the positive integer P a prime number? [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2014, 07:38
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For Stat1
P can be equal to 3 and can be equal to 9. So not sufficient

For STAT2
P can be equal to 7 and can be equal to 9. So not sufficient

STAT1 and STAT2 together
p-4, p-2,p, p+2, p+4
If P is prime then P must be odd (as only even prime is 2 and p-4 will not be prime then)
if p is odd then p cannot be prime as
p-4,p-2,p,p+2,p+4 make a series of 5 consecutive odd numbers and NO pair of 5 consecutive odd numbers are prime

So, p is NOT a prime number.

Hope it helps!
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Re: Is the positive integer P a prime number? [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2014, 07:41
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Is the positive integer P a prime number?

(1) (P+2) and (P+4) are prime. If p = 1, then the answer is NO but if p = 3, then the answer is YES. Not sufficient.

(2) (P-2) and (P-4) are prime. If p = 9, then the answer is NO but if p = 7, then the answer is YES. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) Since (P-4), (P-2), (P+2), and (P+4) are primes, then all of them must be odd numbers. This means that (P-4), (P-2), P, (P+2), and (P+4) are 5 consecutive odd numbers. Since there are no 5 consecutive odd primes, then P cannot be a prime (out of 5 consecutive odd numbers one must be a multiple of 3 and another a multiple of 5. There are only one prime, which is a multiple of 3, 3 itself and there are only one prime, which is a multiple of 5, 5 itself but P can be neither 3 or 5 since this violate (P-4), (P-2), (P+2), and (P+4) being primes). Sufficient.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: Is the positive integer P a prime number? [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2014, 07:43
nktdotgupta wrote:
For Stat1
P can be equal to 2 and can be equal to 9. So not sufficient

For STAT2
P can be equal to 7 and can be equal to 9. So not sufficient

STAT1 and STAT2 together
p-4, p-2,p, p+2, p+4
If P is prime then P must be odd (as only even prime is 2 and p-4 will not be prime then)
if p is odd then p cannot be prime as
p-4,p-2,p,p+2,p+4 make a series of 5 consecutive odd numbers and NO pair of 5 consecutive odd numbers are prime

So, p is NOT a prime number.

Hope it helps!

One little correction. P cannot be 2, since in this case neither P+2 nor P+4 is a prime.
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Re: Is the positive integer P a prime number? [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2014, 08:14
Thanks Bunuel, Wanted to write 3 (edited)
Bunuel wrote:
nktdotgupta wrote:
For Stat1
P can be equal to 2 and can be equal to 9. So not sufficient

For STAT2
P can be equal to 7 and can be equal to 9. So not sufficient

STAT1 and STAT2 together
p-4, p-2,p, p+2, p+4
If P is prime then P must be odd (as only even prime is 2 and p-4 will not be prime then)
if p is odd then p cannot be prime as
p-4,p-2,p,p+2,p+4 make a series of 5 consecutive odd numbers and NO pair of 5 consecutive odd numbers are prime

So, p is NOT a prime number.

Hope it helps!

One little correction. P cannot be 2, since in this case neither P+2 nor P+4 is a prime.

_________________

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Is the two digit positive integer P a prime number? [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2016, 09:46
Q. Is the two digit positive integer P a prime number?
1. (P + 2) and (P - 2) are prime.
2. (P - 4) and (P + 4) are prime.
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Re: Is the positive integer P a prime number? [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2016, 14:42
bablu1234 wrote:
Q. Is the two digit positive integer P a prime number?
1. (P + 2) and (P - 2) are prime.
2. (P - 4) and (P + 4) are prime.

Merging topics. Please refer to the discussion above.
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Re: Is the positive integer P a prime number?   [#permalink] 11 Jun 2016, 14:42
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