Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

 It is currently 24 Oct 2016, 02:56

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Is the standard deviation of ages of students in class A

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 31 Oct 2007
Posts: 57
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 0

Is the standard deviation of age of students in class A grea [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jun 2008, 01:01
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

72% (02:01) correct 28% (01:09) wrong based on 79 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Is the standard deviation of age of students in class A greater than the standard deviation of the age of students in class B?

Attachment:

Capture.JPG [ 39.33 KiB | Viewed 1895 times ]
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
SVP
Joined: 04 May 2006
Posts: 1926
Schools: CBS, Kellogg
Followers: 21

Kudos [?]: 940 [0], given: 1

Re: DS: Class A & Class B Standard Deviation [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jun 2008, 01:15
E for me! there is not enough information!

Statement1 and 2 provide no relation btw average age and each, individual age, so you can not figure out exactly SD!
_________________
CEO
Joined: 17 Nov 2007
Posts: 3589
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Other
Schools: Chicago (Booth) - Class of 2011
GMAT 1: 750 Q50 V40
Followers: 519

Kudos [?]: 3320 [0], given: 360

Re: DS: Class A & Class B Standard Deviation [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jun 2008, 01:39
C

$$SD_A>\sqrt{12}$$ and $$SD_B<=\sqrt{6}$$

So, $$SD_A>\sqrt{12}>\sqrt{6}>=SD_B$$

$$SD_A>SD_B$$
_________________

HOT! GMAT TOOLKIT 2 (iOS) / GMAT TOOLKIT (Android) - The OFFICIAL GMAT CLUB PREP APP, a must-have app especially if you aim at 700+ | PrepGame

CEO
Joined: 17 Nov 2007
Posts: 3589
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Other
Schools: Chicago (Booth) - Class of 2011
GMAT 1: 750 Q50 V40
Followers: 519

Kudos [?]: 3320 [0], given: 360

Re: DS: Class A & Class B Standard Deviation [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jun 2008, 03:44
It should be 12 and 6 instead of sqr(12) and sqr(6), but it does not influence on reasoning.
_________________

HOT! GMAT TOOLKIT 2 (iOS) / GMAT TOOLKIT (Android) - The OFFICIAL GMAT CLUB PREP APP, a must-have app especially if you aim at 700+ | PrepGame

Manager
Joined: 31 Oct 2007
Posts: 57
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 0

Re: DS: Class A & Class B Standard Deviation [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jun 2008, 15:30
OA is C

My math concepts around statistics and standard deviation are weak. Can you share some resources for improvement?
SVP
Joined: 04 May 2006
Posts: 1926
Schools: CBS, Kellogg
Followers: 21

Kudos [?]: 940 [0], given: 1

Re: DS: Class A & Class B Standard Deviation [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jun 2008, 18:26
zeenie wrote:
walker wrote:
C

$$SD_A>\sqrt{12}$$ and $$SD_B<=\sqrt{6}$$

So, $$SD_A>\sqrt{12}>\sqrt{6}>=SD_B$$

$$SD_A>SD_B$$

Yep. C it is

If More detail is better! thanks!
_________________
CEO
Joined: 17 Nov 2007
Posts: 3589
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Other
Schools: Chicago (Booth) - Class of 2011
GMAT 1: 750 Q50 V40
Followers: 519

Kudos [?]: 3320 [0], given: 360

Re: DS: Class A & Class B Standard Deviation [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jun 2008, 20:29
sondenso wrote:
If More detail is better! thanks!

Thanks you, you force me to think more carefully

fast (guessing) way: the more is difference between values, the more SD. In other words SD corresponds to dispersion of data. Taking both condition, we can see that dispersion of students of A class is obviously less than that of B class. So, C

usual way:

$$SD=\sqrt{\frac{\sum{(x-x_{av})^2}}{n}}$$

1) first condition says that for class A $$|x_j-x_i|>12$$

Additionally, we can states that minimum SD is (when $$x_{av}$$ is evenly between $$x_i$$ and $$x_j$$)

$$SD_{Amin}>\sqrt{\frac{({x_j}-x_{av})^2+({x_i}-x_{av})^2}{2}}=\sqrt{\frac{6^2+6^2}{2}}=6$$

$$SD_{Amin}>6$$

2) second condition says that for class B $$|x_j-x_i|<=6$$

Additionally, we can states that maximum SD is (when $$x_{av}$$ is close to one of $$x_i$$ or $$x_j$$)

$$SD_{Bmax}<\sqrt{\frac{({x_j}-x_{av})^2+({x_i}-x_{av})^2}{2}}=\sqrt{\frac{6^2+0^2}{2}}=\frac{6}{\sqrt{2}}$$

$$SD_{Bmin}<\frac{6}{\sqrt{2}}$$

1)&2) Combine two conditions:

$$SD_{A}=>SD_{Amin}>6>\frac{6}{\sqrt{2}}>SD_{Bmin}>=SD_{B}$$

$$SD_{A}>SD_{B}$$
_________________

HOT! GMAT TOOLKIT 2 (iOS) / GMAT TOOLKIT (Android) - The OFFICIAL GMAT CLUB PREP APP, a must-have app especially if you aim at 700+ | PrepGame

SVP
Joined: 04 May 2006
Posts: 1926
Schools: CBS, Kellogg
Followers: 21

Kudos [?]: 940 [0], given: 1

Re: DS: Class A & Class B Standard Deviation [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jun 2008, 22:00
walker wrote:
you force me to think more carefully

Walker, one more: How do you come from "statement1: the difference between the ages of any two students in class A is always more than 1 year" to :
walker wrote:
1) first condition says that for class A
, I mean |xj-xi|>12

One more: I chose E because I follow one rule from Gmatclub that if we dont know exactly specific each age, we can have no conclusion about SD!
_________________
CEO
Joined: 17 Nov 2007
Posts: 3589
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Other
Schools: Chicago (Booth) - Class of 2011
GMAT 1: 750 Q50 V40
Followers: 519

Kudos [?]: 3320 [0], given: 360

Re: DS: Class A & Class B Standard Deviation [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jun 2008, 22:12
We have to choose the same units for age to make SD compatible. I choose months and, therefore, |xj-xi|>12

sondenso wrote:
One more: I chose E because I follow one rule from Gmatclub that if we dont know exactly specific each age, we can have no conclusion about SD!

Think about SD as an average difference between an average value and other data. The problem directly says about differences.
_________________

HOT! GMAT TOOLKIT 2 (iOS) / GMAT TOOLKIT (Android) - The OFFICIAL GMAT CLUB PREP APP, a must-have app especially if you aim at 700+ | PrepGame

CEO
Joined: 17 Nov 2007
Posts: 3589
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Other
Schools: Chicago (Booth) - Class of 2011
GMAT 1: 750 Q50 V40
Followers: 519

Kudos [?]: 3320 [0], given: 360

Re: DS: Class A & Class B Standard Deviation [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Jun 2008, 01:01
snoor wrote:
My math concepts around statistics and standard deviation are weak. Can you share some resources for improvement?

I think GMAT is far far away from statistics. For many people who did not study statistics SD seems to be a mysterious feature from very difficult mathematical jungle of statistics. But GMAT does not go so deeply. Think about SD as an average deviation of data from an average value and remember the formula.
_________________

HOT! GMAT TOOLKIT 2 (iOS) / GMAT TOOLKIT (Android) - The OFFICIAL GMAT CLUB PREP APP, a must-have app especially if you aim at 700+ | PrepGame

Director
Joined: 01 May 2007
Posts: 792
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Re: DS: Class A & Class B Standard Deviation [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Jun 2008, 09:41
Agree walked I answered this in under 2 mins by simply drawing two bell curves and saw one group was closer to the mean than another. C was suff...
Intern
Joined: 08 Mar 2011
Posts: 23
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 31

Is the standard deviation of ages of students in class A [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Mar 2011, 09:48
CLASS AVERAGE AGE NO.OF STUDENTS
A 15 YEARS 6
B 16 YEARS 12

Is the standard deviation of ages of students in class A greater than the standard deviation of the age of students in class B ?

(1) The difference between the ages of any two students in class A is always more than 1 year.

(2) No student in class B is more than 6 months older than any other student.

Last edited by Bunuel on 10 Jul 2013, 13:46, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
Math Forum Moderator
Joined: 20 Dec 2010
Posts: 2021
Followers: 158

Kudos [?]: 1623 [1] , given: 376

### Show Tags

25 Mar 2011, 10:06
1
KUDOS
Q))
CLASS AVERAGE AGE NO.OF STUDENTS
A 15 YEARS 6
B 16 YEARS 12

Is the standard deviation of ages of students in class A greater than the standard deviation of the age of students in class B ?

(1) The difference between the ages of any two students in class A is always more than 1 year.

(2) No student in class B is more than 6 months older than any other student.

Statement (1) BY ITSELF is sufficient to answer the question, but statement (2) by itself is not.
Statement (2) BY ITSELF is sufficient to answer the question, but statement (1) by itself is not.
Statements (1) and (2) TAKEN TOGETHER are sufficient to answer the question, even though NEITHER statement BY ITSELF is sufficient.
EITHER statement BY ITSELF is sufficient to answer the question.
Statements (1) and (2) TAKEN TOGETHER are NOT sufficient to answer the question, requiring more data pertaining to the problem.

(1) The difference between the ages of any two students in class A is always more than 1 year.
INSUFFICIENT. No mention about class B here.

(2) No student in class B is more than 6 months older than any other student.
INSUFFICIENT. No mention about class A here.

Combing both and assuming that both classes have at least 2 students;
We can see that the standard deviation will increase with every student added for class A and the the deviation will decrease with every student added to class B.

Maximum standard deviation for class B can be somewhere around 0.25 years or 3 months and the minimum standard deviation of class B will be somewhere around 0.5 years.

Thus Std Dev(A) > Std Dev(B)

Sufficient.

Ans: "C"
_________________
Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Mar 2011
Posts: 452
Location: United States (DC)
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT 1: 760 Q49 V45
GPA: 3.37
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Followers: 11

Kudos [?]: 183 [1] , given: 5

### Show Tags

25 Mar 2011, 10:07
1
KUDOS
Q))
CLASS AVERAGE AGE NO.OF STUDENTS
A 15 YEARS 6
B 16 YEARS 12

Is the standard deviation of ages of students in class A greater than the standard deviation of the age of students in class B ?

(1) The difference between the ages of any two students in class A is always more than 1 year.

(2) No student in class B is more than 6 months older than any other student.

Statement (1) BY ITSELF is sufficient to answer the question, but statement (2) by itself is not.
Statement (2) BY ITSELF is sufficient to answer the question, but statement (1) by itself is not.
Statements (1) and (2) TAKEN TOGETHER are sufficient to answer the question, even though NEITHER statement BY ITSELF is sufficient.
EITHER statement BY ITSELF is sufficient to answer the question.
Statements (1) and (2) TAKEN TOGETHER are NOT sufficient to answer the question, requiring more data pertaining to the problem.

C.

Statement 1 alone is not enough. It doesn't give any indication what the differences of ages in class B are.
For example, everyone in class B could be exactly the same age, or everyone in class B could be 2 years apart.

Statement 2 alone is not enough. It doesn't give any indication what the difference of ages in class A are.
Everyone in class A could be exactly the same age, or everyone in class A could be 2 years apart.

If you combine them, you know that A has a significantly larger standard deviation in ages.
SVP
Joined: 16 Nov 2010
Posts: 1673
Location: United States (IN)
Concentration: Strategy, Technology
Followers: 34

Kudos [?]: 491 [1] , given: 36

### Show Tags

26 Mar 2011, 18:09
1
KUDOS
A - a1, a2, a3,a4,a5,a6

Total A = 90

a1-a2 > 12 months and so on, but no information about B, so insufficient.

B - b1,b2,b3,b4,b5... b12

Total B = 192

b1-b2 <= 6 month , but no information a bout A, so insufficient

From (1) and (2) together, the difference between elements of set A is > the difference between elements of Set B, and the denominator in A is < the denominator in set B for the Std Dev formula.

=> Std Dev A > Std Dev B

_________________

Formula of Life -> Achievement/Potential = k * Happiness (where k is a constant)

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

VP
Status: Been a long time guys...
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 1420
Location: United States (NY)
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.75
Followers: 174

Kudos [?]: 1248 [0], given: 62

### Show Tags

26 Mar 2011, 19:21
standard deviation is the underroot of the (sum of squares of the difference b/w the quantity and the mean divided by the no of quantities).
now since the statement 1 doesnt mentions abt B and stat. 2 doesnt mentions abt A. hence they both are insufficient.

on combining the two statements do we get the full information to make a comparison?
YES.

also keep in mind that the diff b/w the mean and the quantity in B wud always be less than 1 and therefore its square wud be much more smaller.
_________________
Manager
Joined: 28 Jul 2011
Posts: 114
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 7

### Show Tags

04 Nov 2011, 06:52
Thanks for the explanations.
Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Oct 2011
Posts: 272
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 43 [0], given: 110

Re: CLASS AVERAGE AGE NO.OF STUDENTS A 15 YEARS 6 B 16 YEARS 12 [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Jan 2012, 02:28
Question: Is SD(A) > SD(B)?

Statement 1: No mention of students in class B. Thus INSUFFICIENT

Statement 2: No mention of students in class A. Thus INSUFFICIENT

Combining the two statements, we can see that the difference between the ages of two students in class A is considerably larger than the difference between the ages of any two students of class B.
As we know that SD is a measure of the compactness within the elements of a set, we can infer that the elements of Set A are more dispersed than are the elements of Set B. Thus, we know that SD (A) > SD (B). SUFFICIENT.

_________________

Consider KUDOS if you feel the effort's worth it

Manager
Joined: 14 Mar 2011
Posts: 87
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 39 [0], given: 21

Re: CLASS AVERAGE AGE NO.OF STUDENTS A 15 YEARS 6 B 16 YEARS 12 [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Jan 2012, 02:55
C.. Appreciate Fluke suggestion
Senior Manager
Joined: 08 Apr 2012
Posts: 464
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 47 [0], given: 58

Re: DS: Class A & Class B Standard Deviation [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Nov 2013, 13:37
walker wrote:
sondenso wrote:
If More detail is better! thanks!

Thanks you, you force me to think more carefully

fast (guessing) way: the more is difference between values, the more SD. In other words SD corresponds to dispersion of data. Taking both condition, we can see that dispersion of students of A class is obviously less than that of B class. So, C

usual way:

$$SD=\sqrt{\frac{\sum{(x-x_{av})^2}}{n}}$$

1) first condition says that for class A $$|x_j-x_i|>12$$

Additionally, we can states that minimum SD is (when $$x_{av}$$ is evenly between $$x_i$$ and $$x_j$$)

$$SD_{Amin}>\sqrt{\frac{({x_j}-x_{av})^2+({x_i}-x_{av})^2}{2}}=\sqrt{\frac{6^2+6^2}{2}}=6$$

$$SD_{Amin}>6$$

2) second condition says that for class B $$|x_j-x_i|<=6$$

Additionally, we can states that maximum SD is (when $$x_{av}$$ is close to one of $$x_i$$ or $$x_j$$)

$$SD_{Bmax}<\sqrt{\frac{({x_j}-x_{av})^2+({x_i}-x_{av})^2}{2}}=\sqrt{\frac{6^2+0^2}{2}}=\frac{6}{\sqrt{2}}$$

$$SD_{Bmin}<\frac{6}{\sqrt{2}}$$

1)&2) Combine two conditions:

$$SD_{A}=>SD_{Amin}>6>\frac{6}{\sqrt{2}}>SD_{Bmin}>=SD_{B}$$

$$SD_{A}>SD_{B}$$

Aren't these SD supposed to be multiplied by the number of persons?
The SD is not just the min and max.... it's from all students, no?
Re: DS: Class A & Class B Standard Deviation   [#permalink] 11 Nov 2013, 13:37

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 21 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
2 What is the standard deviation of the weights of the students in a 1 20 Feb 2016, 10:46
13 Is the standard deviation of set A is greater than standard 9 16 Oct 2013, 11:27
4 Is the standard deviation of set S greater than the standard 3 24 Jul 2010, 16:13
77 DS questions about standard deviation 39 27 Oct 2009, 16:36
7 Is the standard deviation of the salaries of Company Y s 9 08 Sep 2007, 13:14
Display posts from previous: Sort by