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Is the triangle ABC, right angled at B? [#permalink]
09 Feb 2012, 17:40

2

This post received KUDOS

1

This post was BOOKMARKED

00:00

A

B

C

D

E

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

45% (01:45) correct
55% (00:59) wrong based on 64 sessions

Is the triangle ABC, right angled at B?

(1) Two interior angles of the triangle ABC are complementary. (2) In the triangle ABC the length of the median drawn on side AC is shorter than the median drawn on side AB or BC.

(1) Two interior angles of the triangle ABC are complementary --> complementary angles are two angles that add up to 90° (whereas supplementary angles are two angles that add up to 180°). Since the sum of the angles of the triangle is 180° and two angles add up to 90° then the third angle must be 90°. Though we don't know which one. Not sufficient.

(2) In the triangle ABC the length of the median drawn on side AC is shorter than the median drawn on side AB or BC. Now, the larger an angle, the longest the side opposite that angle and the shorter the median drawn to this side, basically the shortest of the medians of the triangle is the one drawn to the longest side. From this we know that AC is the longest side and opposite the largest angle B. Still insufficient as we don't know the measure of B.

(1)+(2) From (1) one of the angles must be 90° and from (2) angle B is the largest angle, hence angle B = 90°. Sufficient.

(1) Two interior angles of the triangle ABC are complementary --> complementary angles are two angles that add up to 90° (whereas supplementary angles are two angles that add up to 180°). Since the sum of the angles of the triangle is 180° and two angles add up to 90° then the third angle must be 90°. Though we don't know which one. Not sufficient.

(2) In the triangle ABC the length of the median drawn on side AC is shorter than the median drawn on side AB or BC. Now, the larger an angle, the longest the side opposite that angle and the shorter the median drawn to this side, basically the shortest of the medians of the triangle is the one drawn to the longest side. From this we know that AC is the longest side and opposite the largest angle B. Still insufficient as we don't know the measure of B.

(1)+(2) From (1) one of the angles must be 90° and from (2) angle B is the largest angle, hence angle B = 90°. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

Hope it's clear.

Bunuel,

Can you help to draw figure for Stmt 2? I am not very clear..
_________________

"Where are my Kudos" ............ Good Question = kudos

(1) Two interior angles of the triangle ABC are complementary --> complementary angles are two angles that add up to 90° (whereas supplementary angles are two angles that add up to 180°). Since the sum of the angles of the triangle is 180° and two angles add up to 90° then the third angle must be 90°. Though we don't know which one. Not sufficient.

(2) In the triangle ABC the length of the median drawn on side AC is shorter than the median drawn on side AB or BC. Now, the larger an angle, the longest the side opposite that angle and the shorter the median drawn to this side, basically the shortest of the medians of the triangle is the one drawn to the longest side. From this we know that AC is the longest side and opposite the largest angle B. Still insufficient as we don't know the measure of B.

(1)+(2) From (1) one of the angles must be 90° and from (2) angle B is the largest angle, hence angle B = 90°. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

Hope it's clear.

Bunuel,

Can you help to draw figure for Stmt 2? I am not very clear..

Re: Is the triangle ABC, right angled at B? [#permalink]
10 Dec 2013, 08:16

Is the triangle ABC, right angled at B?

(1) Two interior angles of the triangle ABC are complementary.

Telling us that two angles = 90 while the third must also equal 90, but this makes no mention of which angles = 90 meaning B may or may not = 90. Insufficient.

(2) In the triangle ABC the length of the median drawn on side AC is shorter than the median drawn on side AB or BC.

The shortest median is drawn from the longest side to the opposite angle. Therefore, the angle opposite side AC is the longest but we still don't know it's measurement. The angle could be 80 while the other two angles are 40 and 60 respectively. Insufficient.

1+2) We know that the longest side is opposite side AC (i.e. angle B). We are also told that two angles are complementary (i.e. add up to 90.) This is important. The longest angle cannot be complementary because if it was, it would add up to 90 with another angle with the third angle having to = 90 which is impossible because it isn't the largest angle in the triangle. Angle B must = 90 on it's own while the other two angles = 90 together. Thus, the triangle is right at 90 degrees. SUFFICIENT

gmatclubot

Re: Is the triangle ABC, right angled at B?
[#permalink]
10 Dec 2013, 08:16