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(1) |x + 1| = 2|x – 1|
(x+1)=2(x-1) (When both the terms are positive, x > 1) x+1=2x-2 3=x (NO) (Valid value for x since 3 >1) & (x+1)=-2(x-1) (When -1 < x < 1, (x+1) is positive but (x-1) is negative so you are put a negative sign here) x+1=-2x+2 3x=1 x=1/3 (YES) (Valid value since -1 < 1/3 < 1)
There would be another case x < -1. In that case both the terms will be negative. -(x+1)=-2(x-1) giving x = 3 (Not a valid value since 3 is not less than -1) I am assuming that you saw the two negatives will get canceled out and give x = 3 which will not be valid so you skipped this step. In some questions, you could get a valid value here. So you have only 2 values for x (3 and 1/3).
(2) |x – 3| > 0
(x-3)>0 x>3 (NO)
-(x-3)>0 -x+3>0 -x>-3 x<3 (MAYBE)
C or E
Statement 1: x=1/3,3 Statement 2: x <> 3
Since x CANNOT equal 3, x = 1/3
Since |1/3| < 1, both statements are sufficient to answer the prompt.
From statement 1, we are able to get two values of x; they are \(x=3\) and \(x=1/3\). Two values of x, hence insufficient. From statement 2, all we know is that the distance from x is more than 0 or it indirectly implies that x is not 0. Not enough information. Hence insufficient.
On combining these two statements, we come to know that x cannot be 3 and x=1/3. Since \(1/3\) < 1, hence \(|x|<1\). +1C.
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This is my approach: Is |x|<1? 1st start from statement 2, cause it is easier, |x – 3| > 0 just tell us x is note equal to 3, so it is insufficient to solve the target question 2nd for statement 2: |x + 1| = 2|x – 1| we have to separate the condition to x<-1, -1<x<1, x>1 that is , |x|<1 and |x|> 1 to do further thinking 1) when |x|<1, we could know we will get the solution in this range after solving equation, thus get the answer "YES" for question |x|<1 2) when |x|>1, we could know we will get the same answer in x<-1 and x>1 condition, and we could assure the answer is "NO" for target question so based on above, statement 2 is insufficient to solve the target question
we only left option C and E now. To test whether statements together will help to solve target question, we could use the denied solution x=3 in statement 2 to statement 1 to see whether it is one of the two solutions of equation.
If it is one of the solutions, then statement 2 will help to reduce the two solutions to one, thus, support the target question. We could feel free to choose option C If it is not one of the solution, then statement 2 will not help to reduce the number of solutions, thus, we could feel free to choose option E.
Let us test now. LS 3+1|=4 RS:2*|3-1|=4, we could know x=3 is one of the two answers. Thus we could choose C
Re: Inequality - Data Sufficiency Problem 3 [#permalink]
26 Feb 2014, 14:02
Is |x| < 1 ? 1. |x+1| = 2|x-1| 2. |x-3| > 0
How to approach and solve this kind of problem ..
Dear faceharshit, I'm happy to respond. I dare say, this problem is a little bit harder than what the GMAT will ask of you.
Statement #1: |x+1| = 2|x-1| If we are given |P| = |Q|, this means: P = Q OR P = -Q. Notice that the word "or" is not a piece of garnish there: rather, it is an essential piece of mathematical equipment.
|x + 1| = 2|x - 1|
Case I (x + 1) = 2(x - 1) x + 1 = 2x - 2 x = 3
Case II (x + 1) = -2(x - 1) x + 1 = -2x + 2 3x = 1 x = 1/3
This, from statement #1, we have x = 3 or x = 1/3. With this, we do not have sufficient information to answer the prompt question. This statement, by itself, is insufficient.
Statement #2: |x-3| > 0 Forget about everything we did in statement #1. Here, x could equal 10, in which case |x| is not less than 1, or x could equal 0, in which cases |x| is less than 1. We can pick different values that satisfy |x-3| > 0, x = 10 and x = 0, that give two different answers to the prompt question. Therefore, we do not have sufficient information to answer the prompt question. This statement, by itself, is insufficient.
Combined: #1 gives us x = 3 or x = 1/3 The value x = 3 does not satisfy the second statement, so we reject that value. The value x = 1/3 is only value that satisfies both statements, and with this, |x| < 1.
Combined, the statements are sufficient. Answer = (C)
'Is |x| < 1' implies 'Is distance of x from 0 less than 1?' i.e. does x lie within -1 and 1 (excluding the points -1 and 1)?
1. |x+1| = 2|x-1|
This tells you that distance of x from -1 is twice the distance of x from 1. There are two values of x for which this is possible:
Ques3.jpg [ 8.77 KiB | Viewed 403 times ]
The red line is twice the length of the blue line in both the cases. For the first case, x lies somewhere between 0 and 1 but for the second case, x lies at 3. Hence we can't answer whether x will lie between -1 and 1 from this statement alone.
2. |x-3| > 0 This tells us that x is a point whose distance from 3 is more than 0. That means it is not at 3 but on its left or right. This statement alone doesn't tell us whether x lies between -1 and 1.
Both statements together: Stmnt 1 tells us that x lies between -1 and 1 or at 3. Stmnt 2 tells us that x doesn't lie at 3. Then there is only one option left: x must lie between -1 and 1.
Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).
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