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Is x negative?

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Is x negative? [#permalink] New post 10 Apr 2010, 09:37
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Is x negative?

(1) x^3(1-x^2) < 0
(2) x^2-1 < 0
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Re: Inequalities [#permalink] New post 10 Apr 2010, 10:07
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IMO C.

1, is equivalent to x(x-1)(x+1) >0 ( x^2 is always>0 and i have inverted the sign)

this gives x>1 and -1<x<0 , thus not sufficient

2, gives -1< x<1 not sufficient.

if you combine the result we get -1<x<0 , thus x is negative and thus C.

Another way, since we know both are not sufficient individually.

2nd equation gives x^2 -1 <0 => 1- x^2 >0
now in first equation, if its -ve then x^3 must be -ve....thus both taken together sufficient.
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Re: Inequalities [#permalink] New post 10 Apr 2010, 10:12
First I go to Stmt 2:

Stmt 2 shows that -1<x<1 so x can be negative or positive. Hence no sufficient.

Stmt1 not sufficient too!!

With the help of stmt 2, if we put the negative value of x, the stmt 1 becomes true!!

Hence "C" is the answer in my opinion!!!

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Re: Inequalities [#permalink] New post 10 Apr 2010, 10:37
Thanks guys for the quick solution..Heres a question..

For st1, if I take a +ve number that is >=2 the inequality holds true, then why do we need to consider st2?

Look forward to the replies..
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Re: Inequalities [#permalink] New post 10 Apr 2010, 10:41
abhi758 wrote:
Thanks guys for the quick solution..Heres a question..

For st1, if I take a +ve number that is >=2 the inequality holds true, then why do we need to consider st2?

Look forward to the replies..


Thats wrong approach towards DS question.

x>=2 satisfy the equation 1 , what about x = -1/2, that is also satisfying the equation.Then how we can be sure whether x is + or -... sufficiency comes when we are sure this statement as a whole ans the question and there is no other possibility which will be against it,.

Before starting another DS question do get this concept, else no use of DS questions.
letme know if you got it else i will try to explain in other way.
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Re: Inequalities [#permalink] New post 11 Apr 2010, 22:41
Thanks for bringing this to my notice.

If you could explain the first st1 working in the solution provided by you:
Quote:
1, is equivalent to x(x-1)(x+1)>0 ( x^2 is always>0 and i have inverted the sign)

this gives x>1 and -1<x<0 , thus not sufficient


Unable to understand the working for x^3(1-x^2)<0.
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Re: Inequalities [#permalink] New post 11 Apr 2010, 23:51
x^3(1-x^2) = x* x^2 * (x^2 -1)* (-1 ) < 0

since x^2 >0 , it will not affect the sign

x*(x^2-1) * (-1) < 0
=> x*(x^2-1) * > 0 when we multiple both sides by -1, > becomes <

eg. -1 > -2 , but 1 < 2

=> x*(x-1)*(x+1) * > 0
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Re: Inequalities [#permalink] New post 12 Apr 2010, 06:38
Thanks gurpreet for your time and patience!

Just a ques on the last part..

After: x(x-1)(x+1)>0
you get => x>1
AND
you get => x>-1 OR -1<x
AND
next would you get => x>0 OR x<0??

This might sound a little basic but really confused with the whole thing..
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Re: Inequalities [#permalink] New post 12 Apr 2010, 09:03
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Re: Inequalities [#permalink] New post 12 Apr 2010, 09:55
IMO E

ST 1 both a pos and a neg # satisfiy this equation. Not suf

ST 2....samething.

Cobined we can't conclude the sign of X

also, keep in mind that the ques doesn't states if X is 0 or 1

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Re: Inequalities [#permalink] New post 12 Apr 2010, 10:36
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Alternative approach by taking numbers.
Statement1: x^3(1-x^2) < 0
From this we can say x <> 0
and x <>+1 or -1.

Consider x=2 Then the equation results in 8*-3 <0. Satisfy the equation.
Consider x= 1/2 then the equation results in 1/8*(3/4) >0. Does not satisfy the equation.

Consider x=-2 Then the equation results in -8*-3 >0. Does not satisfy the equation.
Consider x= -1/2 then the equation results in -1/8*(3/4) <0.Satisfy the equation.

This statement is not sufficient to conclude.

Statement2: x^2-1 <0
From the statement we can say that x <>=1 or -1
Consider x=2 then the equation results in 3 >0. Does not satisfy the equation.
Consider x=1/2 then the equation results in -3/4 <0. Satisfy the equation.

Consider x=-2 then the equation results in 3 >0. Does not satisfy the equation.
Consider x=-1/2 then the equation results in -3/4 <0. Satisfy the equation.

This statement alone is not sufficient.

Combining both the statements when x is -ve that is -1/2 , it satisfies both the equations.

Ans is C.
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Re: Inequalities [#permalink] New post 14 Apr 2010, 01:18
1. x^3(1-x^2) <0
x^3- x^5<0
x^3 < x^5 , which mean that x is positive no negative. ( sufficinet).


2. x^2<1

-1 < x < 1

which mean that we do not know exactally wheather it is positive or negative. ( not sufficient).


the answer is A
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Re: Inequalities [#permalink] New post 14 Apr 2010, 02:09
Expert's post
abhi758 wrote:
Is X negative?

1. x^3(1-x^2) < 0
2. x^2-1 < 0

Please explain your answer..


Is x<0?

(1) x^3(1-x^2) < 0
Two cases:
A. x>0 and 1-x^2<0, which means x<-1 or x>1 --> x>1;
B. x<0 and 1-x^2>0, which means -1<x<1 --> -1<x<0.

So x^3(1-x^2) < 0 holds true for two ranges of x: x>1 and -1<x<0. If x is in the first range answer to the question is NO, but if x is in the second range answer to the question is YES. Two different answers. Not sufficient.

(2) x^2-1<0 --> -1<x<1. x can be positive as well as negative. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) x>1 or -1<x<0 AND -1<x<1 --> intersection of the ranges from (1) and (2) is -1<x<0. x is negative. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

aiyedh wrote:
1. x^3(1-x^2) <0
x^3- x^5<0
x^3 < x^5 , which mean that x is positive no negative. ( sufficinet).


2. x^2<1

-1 < x < 1

which mean that we do not know exactally wheather it is positive or negative. ( not sufficient).


the answer is A


Red part is not correct. x^3 < x^5 does not hold true for all positive x-es. For example x=0.5 --> x^3>x^5. Also x can be negative in the range -1<x<0 and x^3 < x^5 will hold true.
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Re: Inequalities [#permalink] New post 17 Apr 2010, 11:25
abhi758 wrote:
Is X negative?

1. x^3(1-x^2) < 0
2. x^2-1 < 0

Please explain your answer..

here, is small note:
as soon as we see one number can be either positive or negative we know the statement is not sufficient.
so statement 1)
x^3(1-x^2) < 0 , here x^3 can +ve or -ve => not suff.
similarly; x^2-1 < 0 => (x-1)(x+1)<0 ; here also x-1 or x+1 can +ve or -ve not suff.

combining both : since x^2-1 < 0 or 1- x^2 > 0 hence from statement 1
x^3 < 0 => x< 0 => suff.
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is x negative [#permalink] New post 30 Apr 2013, 19:57
is x negative
1) X^3-X^5<0
2) X^2-1 <0

while solving stmt 1 X^3(1-X^2)<0
X^3(X+1)(1-X)<0
Then i took the roots as -1,0,+1 on the number line to find the range as per vertias prep graph approach but am getting ranges as 0>X<1 and x<-1 which is wrong .please do correct me
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Re: is x negative [#permalink] New post 30 Apr 2013, 20:18
Expert's post
skamal7 wrote:
is x negative
1) X^3-X^5<0
2) X^2-1 <0

while solving stmt 1 X^3(1-X^2)<0
X^3(X+1)(1-X)<0
Then i took the roots as -1,0,+1 on the number line to find the range as per vertias prep graph approach but am getting ranges as 0>X<1 and x<-1 which is wrong .please do correct me


You will have to re-arrrange the equation to read x(x+1)(x-1)>0. You can drop the x^2 as it is always positive and x is not equal to zero. Now if you plot the roots, it will give you -1,0 and 1. Thus, the valid ranges will be

x>1 OR -1<x<0. Insufficient.

From F.S 2, we know that |x|<1 --> -1<x<1. Insufficient.

On taking both fact statements together, for -1<x<0, both the conditions are fulfilled. Sufficient.

C.
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Re: Is x negative? [#permalink] New post 03 May 2013, 00:11
abhi758 wrote:
Is x negative?

(1) x^3(1-x^2) < 0
(2) x^2-1 < 0


Hi all,

(1) x^3(1-x^2) < 0

let x=10....==>therefore 10^3(1-100)=-99*10^3<0
satisfying for positive X
now let x= -0.1===> therefore (-0.1)^3(1-0.01)= -0.99*0.1^3<0
satisfying when X is negative...
so X can be positive and negative both so not definite answer.

(2) x^2-1 < 0
this holds for -1<x<1

again not sufficient

now combining
from statement 2 we got 2 things:
==> x^2-1<0....therefore 1-x^2>0-----(1)
==>range of x...-1<x<1-----(2)

now coming to statement 1...
we know 1-x^2>0.....from (1)
therefore for
x^3(1-x^2) < 0....to hold true...x^3 <0....since we know 1-x^2 is positive from (1)
now we have x^3<0....therfeore x<0----(3)

now using (2) and (3)
x belongs to-1<x<0
menas x is negative.hence sufficient

therefore (C)

hope it helps.

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Is p a negative number? [#permalink] New post 21 May 2013, 07:51
Is p a negative number?

(1) p^3(1 – p^2) < 0

(2) p^2 – 1 < 0

Please provide Detailed Explanations! Thanks!
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Re: Is p a negative number? [#permalink] New post 21 May 2013, 08:07
Statement 1:
p³(1-p²) < 0
Both p³ and 1-p² must be of opposite signs.

If p<0
implies p³<0
implies 1-p²>0
implies 1>p²
implies -1<p<0

If p>0
implies p³>0
implies 1-p²<0
implies 1<p²
implies p>1

So, from statement 1, p can either lie between -1 or 0 or it can be greater than 1.
So, it is not sufficient to answer.

Statement 2:
p²-1<0
implies p²<1
implies -1<p<1 (excluding 0)
So, this statement alone is also not sufficient to answer.

Combining the two statements.
we get -1<p<0
So, p is -ve.
Can be answered.

Hope it is clear.
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Re: Is p a negative number? [#permalink] New post 21 May 2013, 08:10
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Is p a negative number?

(1) p^3(1 – p^2) < 0

(2) p^2 – 1 < 0

Please provide Detailed Explanations! Thanks!


Is p a negative number?

(1) p^3(1 – p^2) < 0

Hence p^3 and 1 - p^2 have opposite sign .

If p^3 is positive and 1-p^2 is negative : Then p is positive
If p^3 is negative and 1-p^2 is positive: Then p is negative

Two different answer, INSUFFICIENT

2) p^2 – 1 < 0

Hence p^2 < 1 and thus: -1<p<1 so p could be positive or negative : INSUFFICIENT

(1) p^3(1 – p^2) < 0 AND 2) p^2 – 1 < 0

So we are in the second case for the first statement : i.e : p^3 is negative and 1-p^2 is positive , Thus p is negative

Answer : C
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Last edited by Rock750 on 21 May 2013, 08:16, edited 1 time in total.
Re: Is p a negative number?   [#permalink] 21 May 2013, 08:10
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