It has always been difficult to understand the basis of : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# It has always been difficult to understand the basis of

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Director
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It has always been difficult to understand the basis of [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2008, 21:38
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It has always been difficult to understand the basis of politics in the People’s Republic of China. Because the system is effectively closed, it is impossible to know with any degree of confidence who is allied with whom and for what reasons. Yet Chinese politics does exhibit many of the external characteristics of factional political systems, as found in more open societies. It is legitimate to conclude, therefore, that China has a factional political system.
Which one of the following, if true, would confirm the author’s conclusion that China has a factional political system?
(A) All open political systems are factional political systems.
(B) All factional political systems are closed political systems.
(C) All closed political systems are factional political systems.
(D) China’s political system is more open than many existing factional political systems.?
(E) China’s political system is more closed than all existing factional political systems
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CEO
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Re: China Cr,How to approach [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2008, 23:55
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This one is reasonably straight forward, C stands out straight away. If all closed political systems are factional, then China must be factional - since its closed.

suyashjhawar wrote:
It has always been difficult to understand the basis of politics in the People’s Republic of China. Because the system is effectively closed, it is impossible to know with any degree of confidence who is allied with whom and for what reasons. Yet Chinese politics does exhibit many of the external characteristics of factional political systems, as found in more open societies. It is legitimate to conclude, therefore, that China has a factional political system.
Which one of the following, if true, would confirm the author’s conclusion that China has a factional political system?
(A) All open political systems are factional political systems.
(B) All factional political systems are closed political systems.
(C) All closed political systems are factional political systems.
(D) China’s political system is more open than many existing factional political systems.?
(E) China’s political system is more closed than all existing factional political systems
Director
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Re: China Cr,How to approach [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2008, 00:11
could you explain me whats wrong with a?
CEO
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Re: China Cr,How to approach [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2008, 00:51
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The way to approach is to ascertain what the conclusion is :
China has a factional political system.

What supports it ?
Chinese politics does exhibit many of the external characteristics of factional political systems,as found in more open societies

What other information is available ?
the system is effectively closed

Out of the five options we need to strengthen this conclusion:
(A) All open political systems are factional political systems. <-- So WHAT ? China is a closed system, so this doesnt give any hint about China being a factional system.
(B) All factional political systems are closed political systems. <-- this is interesting but this doesnt mean that all closed systems are factional. China could be a closed system and not factional.
(C) All closed political systems are factional political systems. <-- straight away it clicks to be correct
(D) China’s political system is more open than many existing factional political systems.? <-- Doesnt help in any way.
(E) China’s political system is more closed than all existing factional political systems <-- same as D
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Re: China Cr,How to approach [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2008, 02:15
bsd explained it nicely. C
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Director
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Re: China Cr,How to approach [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2008, 03:30
thanks bsd_lover.Crystal clear.
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Re: China Cr,How to approach [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2008, 03:39
yeah I picked C as well. If all closed systems are factional, then china is guaranteed to be factional since author says that it is closed.
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Re: China Cr,How to approach [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2008, 04:15
I picked C as well. bsd was spot on with the reasoning. If closed political systems do not display factional characteristics then China does not have a closed system. This reasoning will weaken the stimulus . Hence C.
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Re: China Cr,How to approach [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2008, 10:37
Yeah I also picked C. But BSD explained very well.
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Re: China Cr,How to approach [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2008, 07:00
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I choose C as well. The reason why A is wrong is that the argument says that "Yet Chinese politics does exhibit many of the external characteristics of factional political systems, as found in more open societies."

let me give you an example to explain what I mean by this: Let's say that you are more fat than tom. Just because you're more fat doesn't necessarily mean that you are really fat. just when you are compared to tom, you would seem fatter, but you're probably still thin.

so when you look at the sentence in the argument "as found in more open societies," more open societies doesn't necessarily mean it's an open society. People who live in iraq would say that saudi arabia is a much nicer place to live in, but that doesn't necessarily mean that saudi arabia is a really nice place to live in....know what I mean? heheh.....hope that helps
Director
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Re: China Cr,How to approach [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2008, 07:16
yes tarek 99....i love this forum...thanks mate...i am making good friends too here....
Re: China Cr,How to approach   [#permalink] 15 Apr 2008, 07:16
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