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It has been claimed that an action is morally good only if

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It has been claimed that an action is morally good only if [#permalink] New post 13 Sep 2009, 20:10
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A
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E

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It has been claimed that an action is morally good only if it benefits another person and was performed with that intention; whereas an action that harms another person is morally bad either if such harm was intended or if reasonable forethought would have shown that the action was likely to cause harm.
Which one of the following judgments most closely confirms to the principle cited above?

(A) Pamela wrote a letter attempting to cause trouble between Edward and his friends; this action of Pamela’s was morally bad, even though the letter, in fact, had an effect directly opposite from the one intended.
(B) In order to secure a promotion, Jeffery devoted his own time to resolving a backlog of medical benefits claims; Jeffrey’s action was morally good since it alone enabled Sara’s claim to be processed in time for her to receive much-needed treatment.
(C) Intending to help her elderly neighbor by clearing his walkway after a snowstorm, Teresa inadvertently left ice on his steps; because of this exposed ice, her neighbor had a bad fall, thus showing that morally good actions can have bad consequences.
(D) Marilees, asked by a homeless man for food, gave the man her own sandwich; however, because the man tried to talk while he was eating the sandwich, it caused him to choke, and thus Marilees unintentionally performed a morally bad action.
(E) Jonathan agreed to watch his three-year-old niece while she played but, becoming engrossed in conversion, did not see her run into the street where she was hit by a bicycle; even though he intended no harm, Jonathan’s action was morally bad.
pls explain how to analyze analogy in various options above
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Re: Which one of the following judgments most closely confirms t [#permalink] New post 13 Sep 2009, 23:12
According to this a moral act both (1.a) actually benefits another; and (1.b) was intended to do so.
An immoral act (2.a) does actual harm; and (2.b) either (2.b.1) was intended to do harm or (2.b.2) could have been foreseen.

In A, Pamela caused no real harm so she's missing 2.a
In B, Jeffery helped in order to be promoted so he's missing 1.b
In C, Teresa's actions are called morally good, but she caused harm rather than beneit, so she's missing 1.a
In D, Marilees actions are called morally bad, but she neither intended it nor could she foresee it, so she's missing 2.b
In E, Jonathan's actions are morally bad, because he (2.a) caused harm, and (2.b.2) could have foreseen it (a 3-year-old running to the road).

You could say it's a toss-up between E and D, but I think a 3-year-old running to the road is clearly more foreseeable than a man choking on a sandwich. So I say E.

Where did you get this question? It's so morbid, not at all what you'd encounter on GMATprep. Also, this type of reasoning is uncommon at best?
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Re: Which one of the following judgments most closely confirms t [#permalink] New post 14 Sep 2009, 05:41
Thanks for a very comprehensive and ofcourse convincing answer;)
I got it fm 1000 CR for GMAT and LSAT.
Please let me know how did you learn the the technique?..any books or online material..?
thnks in advance!
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Re: Which one of the following judgments most closely confirms t [#permalink] New post 16 Oct 2009, 13:07
I would go with [E] as well. Since John became engrossed in conversation, he did not see her run to the street and get hit. Reasonable forethought would have shown that his action (negligence in this case) was likely to cause harm.
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Re: Which one of the following judgments most closely confirms t [#permalink] New post 12 Nov 2009, 05:47
well explained. E it is.

gerryl wrote:
According to this a moral act both (1.a) actually benefits another; and (1.b) was intended to do so.
An immoral act (2.a) does actual harm; and (2.b) either (2.b.1) was intended to do harm or (2.b.2) could have been foreseen.

In A, Pamela caused no real harm so she's missing 2.a
In B, Jeffery helped in order to be promoted so he's missing 1.b
In C, Teresa's actions are called morally good, but she caused harm rather than beneit, so she's missing 1.a
In D, Marilees actions are called morally bad, but she neither intended it nor could she foresee it, so she's missing 2.b
In E, Jonathan's actions are morally bad, because he (2.a) caused harm, and (2.b.2) could have foreseen it (a 3-year-old running to the road).

You could say it's a toss-up between E and D, but I think a 3-year-old running to the road is clearly more foreseeable than a man choking on a sandwich. So I say E.

Where did you get this question? It's so morbid, not at all what you'd encounter on GMATprep. Also, this type of reasoning is uncommon at best?
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Re: Which one of the following judgments most closely confirms t [#permalink] New post 15 May 2011, 05:37
between A and E,A is POE just because the harm was not caused even though intentions were there. Argument clearly states that a harm has to be done.

E is clean.
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Re: Which one of the following judgments most closely confirms t [#permalink] New post 08 Jun 2011, 22:56
I'll go with A
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Re: It has been claimed that an action is morally good only if [#permalink] New post 20 May 2012, 21:27
I picked A but soon realized the morally bad action actually has to cause harm first. Thanks.
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Re: It has been claimed that an action is morally good only if [#permalink] New post 23 May 2012, 01:23
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Morally Good action ------> Should do good to the person and the intention to do so should be good as well
Morally bad action -------> Person is harmed, Intention should be bad or the forethought should bring negative results

This can only been seen in option E.

Thank you for such a great question.
Re: It has been claimed that an action is morally good only if   [#permalink] 23 May 2012, 01:23
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