It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

It is currently 20 Jan 2017, 20:54
GMAT Club Tests

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 16 Sep 2006
Posts: 406
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 72 [1] , given: 0

It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Nov 2006, 11:10
1
This post received
KUDOS
7
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

58% (01:00) correct 42% (01:12) wrong based on 758 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United States of illiteracy in lost industrial output and tax revenues is at least $20 billion a year.

(A) the annual cost to the United States of illiteracy in lost industrial output and tax revenues is at least $20 billion a year
(B) the annual cost of illiteracy to the United States is at least $20 billion a year because of lost industrial output and tax revenues
(C) illiteracy costs the United States at least $20 billion a year in lost industrial output and tax revenues
(D) $20 billion a year in lost industrial output and tax revenues is the annual cost to the United States of illiteracy
(E) lost industrial output and tax revenues cost the United States at least $20 billion a year because of illiteracy
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by doe007 on 09 May 2013, 05:29, edited 1 time in total.
OA and tags added
Request Expert Reply
If you have any questions
you can ask an expert
New!
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 03 Jul 2005
Posts: 192
Location: City
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Nov 2006, 12:57
C for me, we talking about the estimated illiteracy costs
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 01 Sep 2006
Posts: 301
Location: Phoenix, AZ, USA
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 0

Re: SC on illiteracy costs ! [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Nov 2006, 21:44
438. It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United States of illiteracy in lost industrial output and tax revenues is at least $20 billion a year.(A) the annual cost to the United States of illiteracy in lost industrial output and tax revenues is at least $20 billion a year
(B) the annual cost of illiteracy to the United States is at least $20 billion a year because of lost industrial output and tax revenues
(C) illiteracy costs the United States at least $20 billion a year in lost industrial output and tax revenues
(D) $20 billion a year in lost industrial output and tax revenues is the annual cost to the United States of illiteracy
(E) lost industrial output and tax revenues cost the United States at least $20 billion a year because of illiteracy
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 24 Nov 2006
Posts: 350
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 25 [0], given: 0

 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Nov 2006, 20:43
"the annual cost of illiteracy to the US"... a bit awkward isn't it?

It's C then.
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 29 Nov 2012
Posts: 898
Followers: 14

Kudos [?]: 1045 [0], given: 543

Sociologists estimate that the annual cost to the region of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 May 2013, 02:28
Sociologists estimate that the annual cost to the region of unemployment in lost productivity and trade revenues is more than $10 billion per year.

A the annual cost to the region of unemployment in lost productivity and trade revenues is more than $10 billion per year
B the annual cost of unemployment to the region is more than $10 billion per year because of lost productivity and trade revenues
C unemployment costs the region more than $10 billion per year in lost productivity and trade revenues
D $10 billion per year in lost productivity and trade revenues is the annual cost to the region of unemployment
E lost productivity and trade revenues cost the region at least $10 billion per year because of unemployment

just wanted to know Annual and per year is redundant phrase?

Grockit
_________________

Click +1 Kudos if my post helped...

Amazing Free video explanation for all Quant questions from OG 13 and much more http://www.gmatquantum.com/og13th/

GMAT Prep software What if scenarios http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-prep-software-analysis-and-what-if-scenarios-146146.html


Last edited by Zarrolou on 09 May 2013, 02:30, edited 1 time in total.
Merging similar topics
BSchool Forum Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 24 Aug 2011
Posts: 1445
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V35
GMAT 3: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.35
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)
Followers: 301

Kudos [?]: 1245 [0], given: 816

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Sociologists estimate that the annual cost to the region of [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 May 2013, 04:05
fozzzy wrote:
Sociologists estimate that the annual cost to the region of unemployment in lost productivity and trade revenues is more than $10 billion per year.

A the annual cost to the region of unemployment in lost productivity and trade revenues is more than $10 billion per year
B the annual cost of unemployment to the region is more than $10 billion per year because of lost productivity and trade revenues
C unemployment costs the region more than $10 billion per year in lost productivity and trade revenues
D $10 billion per year in lost productivity and trade revenues is the annual cost to the region of unemployment
E lost productivity and trade revenues cost the region at least $10 billion per year because of unemployment

just wanted to know Annual and per year is redundant phrase?

Grockit


I believe yes ...
there is no need to use per year if we have already used annually, because both mean the same.
_________________

ISB Preparation Kit | GMAT Debrief

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2 KUDOS received
Retired Moderator
User avatar
B
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 3633
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Followers: 717

Kudos [?]: 5569 [2] , given: 322

Re: It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 May 2013, 05:20
2
This post received
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Redundancy of annual and per year; kill A,B and D. Between C and E, E has a peculiar twist to the meaning. E, per se, may be absurdly taken to mean that the lost industrial output and tax revenues lacked literacy and cost the country the estimated amount. So C
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb.
9884544509

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 16 Dec 2011
Posts: 452
Followers: 11

Kudos [?]: 197 [0], given: 70

Re: It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 May 2013, 05:43
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
jyotsnasarabu wrote:
It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United States of illiteracy in lost industrial output and tax revenues is at least $20 billion a year.

(A) the annual cost to the United States of illiteracy in lost industrial output and tax revenues is at least $20 billion a year
(B) the annual cost of illiteracy to the United States is at least $20 billion a year because of lost industrial output and tax revenues
(C) illiteracy costs the United States at least $20 billion a year in lost industrial output and tax revenues
(D) $20 billion a year in lost industrial output and tax revenues is the annual cost to the United States of illiteracy
(E) lost industrial output and tax revenues cost the United States at least $20 billion a year because of illiteracy

(A) "annual" + "a year" --> redundant. Sentence is verbose and awkwardly structured.
(B) "annual" + "a year" --> redundant. "because of" is incorrect idiomatically.
(C) Correct.
(D) "annual" + "a year" --> redundant. Sentence is verbose and awkwardly structured.
(E) Meaning changed.
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 29 Nov 2012
Posts: 898
Followers: 14

Kudos [?]: 1045 [0], given: 543

Re: It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 May 2013, 06:14
does anyone have a list of common redundant phrases?
_________________

Click +1 Kudos if my post helped...

Amazing Free video explanation for all Quant questions from OG 13 and much more http://www.gmatquantum.com/og13th/

GMAT Prep software What if scenarios http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-prep-software-analysis-and-what-if-scenarios-146146.html

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 16 Dec 2011
Posts: 452
Followers: 11

Kudos [?]: 197 [0], given: 70

Re: It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 May 2013, 06:45
fozzzy wrote:
does anyone have a list of common redundant phrases?

You may look into common-redundancies-152537.html

I am not posting the list here so as to stick to the topic.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 20 Aug 2014
Posts: 2
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 15

Re: It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Oct 2014, 05:33
jyotsnasarabu wrote:
It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United States of illiteracy in lost industrial output and tax revenues is at least $20 billion a year.

(A) the annual cost to the United States of illiteracy in lost industrial output and tax revenues is at least $20 billion a year
(B) the annual cost of illiteracy to the United States is at least $20 billion a year because of lost industrial output and tax revenues
(C) illiteracy costs the United States at least $20 billion a year in lost industrial output and tax revenues
(D) $20 billion a year in lost industrial output and tax revenues is the annual cost to the United States of illiteracy
(E) lost industrial output and tax revenues cost the United States at least $20 billion a year because of illiteracy


Can someone explain how D is not the right option.
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 05 Sep 2010
Posts: 854
Followers: 87

Kudos [?]: 242 [0], given: 61

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Oct 2014, 06:18
Quote:
Can someone explain how D is not the right option.


D says: $20 billion a year in lost industrial output and tax revenues is the annual cost to the United States of illiteracy------------>simplest way is : "a year" and "annual" are redundant .ALSO "United States of illiteracy" is wrong .
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 617
Location: Bangalore, India
Followers: 32

Kudos [?]: 220 [0], given: 9

Re: It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Oct 2014, 02:53
Deshwani wrote:
Can someone explain how D is not the right option.

Original sentence says: at least $20 billion a year

D says: $20 billion a year

In GMAT land, that is a reasonably big change in meaning, to warrant rejection of D (among other errors, which have already been pointed out)
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish (GMAT Faculty @ EducationAisle)
http://www.EducationAisle.com

Sentence Correction Nirvana available at Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10534
Followers: 919

Kudos [?]: 203 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jul 2016, 02:19
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 30 Sep 2015
Posts: 51
Location: United States (MD)
Concentration: Marketing, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 620 Q49 V25
GMAT 2: 620 Q49 V27
WE: Marketing (Consumer Products)
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 43

Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Nov 2016, 05:24
It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United States of illiteracy in lost industrial output and tax revenues is at least $20 billion a year.

First, we understand the intended meaning: Something has been estimated about illiteracy. It costs the US at least certain amount of money in two fields/factors.

Identify errors
From the original sentence, we see that the underlined portion is a dependent clause.
1. Redundancy: Annual cost & $20 billion a year is unnecessary.

(A) the annual cost to the United States of illiteracy in lost industrial output and tax revenues is at least $20 billion a year. Incorrect
(B) the annual cost of illiteracy to the United States is at least $20 billion a year because of lost industrial output and tax revenues. Incorrect
(C) illiteracy costs the United States at least $20 billion a year in lost industrial output and tax revenues. Correct
(D) $20 billion a year in lost industrial output and tax revenues is the annual cost to the United States of illiteracy. Incorrect
(E) lost industrial output and tax revenues cost the United States at least $20 billion a year because of illiteracy.
This option changes the intended meaning. It is establishing a causal-relation.Als, it is now quantifying the cost of lost industrial output and tax revenue, not of illiteracy anymore.
Re: It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United   [#permalink] 01 Nov 2016, 05:24
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
12 Experts publish their posts in the topic It has been estimated that the annual cost of water and souvik101990 10 29 Jul 2012, 01:39
7 It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United Baten80 11 16 Jul 2011, 10:27
It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United aiming4mba 1 23 Jul 2010, 02:45
It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United spriya 4 26 Jul 2008, 04:50
5 It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United prasannar 4 20 Apr 2008, 04:23
Display posts from previous: Sort by

It has been estimated that the annual cost to the United

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.