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It is a mistake to give post office employees individual

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It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink] New post 12 Aug 2013, 13:38
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46% (02:02) correct 54% (01:13) wrong based on 235 sessions
It is a mistake to give post office employees individual discretion as to when to inspect or open suspicious packages. If individual employees are allowed to open “suspicious” packages without first following a strict protocol, it is only a matter of time before all packages will arrive having already been opened due to some postal employee’s idle curiosity.

The conclusion above is based on which of the following assumptions?

-Postal service managers are the only people with the authority to open suspicious packages.
-Suspicious packages are indistinguishable from all other kinds of package.
-The efficiency of the postal service will be greatly reduced if more packages are inspected.
-There is currently no protocol in place for the inspection of suspicious packages.
-Postal employees desire to open packages out of curiosity.

Can some one help with option D?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by pqhai on 12 Aug 2013, 14:30, edited 1 time in total.
Rename the topic.
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Re: GMAT Club Tests [#permalink] New post 12 Aug 2013, 14:23
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ANALYZE THE STIMULUS:

The wording is quite convoluted, but the main idea is:

Hypothesis: Individual employees open “suspicious” packages without first following a strict protocol probably because of postal employee’s idle curiosity.
KEY word: “without first following a strict protocol” because: although there is strict protocol (it means the opening suspicious packages may not be necessary if the postal employees follow strict protocol), employees still want open the packages. Why? Because they are curious. Make sense :)
Conclusion: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual discretion as to when to inspect or open suspicious packages.

Assumption: The first reason postal employees open suspicious packages is that they are curious. Or no other reasons make postal employees want to open suspicious packages.
Negate the assumption to confirm: postal employees are not curious when they decide to open suspicious packages. ==> Cannot say “it’s a mistake to give them rights to open suspicious packages”.

ANALYZE EACH OPTIONS:

-Postal service managers are the only people with the authority to open suspicious packages.
Wrong. Out of scope. Nothing about the right of “service managers”.

-Suspicious packages are indistinguishable from all other kinds of package.
Wrong. The fact that suspicious packages are indistinguishable or distinguishable does not affect “curious” employees, who want to open all suspicious packages (does not matter the packages are distinguishable/indistinguishable). Thus, B is not the assumption.

-The efficiency of the postal service will be greatly reduced if more packages are inspected.
Wrong. Out of scope. Nothing about “the efficiency”.

-There is currently no protocol in place for the inspection of suspicious packages.
Wrong. TEMPTING because of the wording, not of the meaning.
The stimulus only says employees open “suspicious” packages without first following a strict protocol because of their curiosity. Let rephrase, although there is strict protocol (it means the opening suspicious packages may not be necessary if the postal employees follow strict protocol), employees still open the packages. Why? Because they are curious. Therefore, If there is no protocol, we do not know they are curious or not.. Hence, D cannot be the assumption.

-Postal employees desire to open packages out of curiosity.
Correct. As stated above.

Hope it helps.
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Re: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink] New post 12 Aug 2013, 15:37
Even there is no protocol in place, employee might not open the package if they are not curious. So this assumption does not add value to conclusion.

Hope this help
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Re: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink] New post 12 Aug 2013, 19:17
Hi,

I have a question on option E, which I presume is the OA.

A basic tenet of Assumption question is "it" being not explicitly mentioned in the passage.

Curiosity as a trait is mentioned in the passage as the reason which leads to opening of suspicious packages.

How can then option E be correct?



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Re: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink] New post 12 Aug 2013, 20:15
argha wrote:
Hi,

I have a question on option E, which I presume is the OA.

A basic tenet of Assumption question is "it" being not explicitly mentioned in the passage.

Curiosity as a trait is mentioned in the passage as the reason which leads to opening of suspicious packages.

How can then option E be correct?



Regards

Argha


I think you're correct. An assumption, according to GMAT standards, has some characteristics:
- An assumption is a hidden statement which must be true for a conclusion to hold true.
- We cannot t deduct an assumption simply from given information because it has some new information.

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Re: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink] New post 12 Aug 2013, 20:31
Thanks pghai

Will wait for some more discussions on this.



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Re: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink] New post 13 Aug 2013, 02:28
argha wrote:
Hi,

I have a question on option E, which I presume is the OA.

A basic tenet of Assumption question is "it" being not explicitly mentioned in the passage.

Curiosity as a trait is mentioned in the passage as the reason which leads to opening of suspicious packages.

How can then option E be correct?

Regards

Argha


I would be careful of such a blanket rule that an assumption must not be mentioned in a passage. While that may often be the case, sometimes the author clearly states an assumption. Here, the author implies curiosity is the reason that causes opening of suspicious packages but nowhere is there evidence provided that this the case--hence it's an assumption. The only "proof" provided is an opinion disguised as an authoritative statement (it would be otherwise if there was a mention of a survey which found that if given the opportunity, postal workers would like to open packages due to curiosity). The conclusion here is that it is a mistake to give the employees discretion, based on a premise that relies on a few assumptions, two of which are directly stated--1) some employees will certainly abuse discretion 2) the reason they will do so is their curiosity and 3) the degree of abuse would be so rampant as to cause ALL packages to be opened (or alternatively, the urge to open could not be resisted).
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Re: GMAT Club Tests [#permalink] New post 18 Aug 2013, 06:35
pqhai wrote:
ANALYZE THE STIMULUS:

The wording is quite convoluted, but the main idea is:

Hypothesis: Individual employees open “suspicious” packages without first following a strict protocol probably because of postal employee’s idle curiosity.
KEY word: “without first following a strict protocol” because: although there is strict protocol (it means the opening suspicious packages may not be necessary if the postal employees follow strict protocol), employees still want open the packages. Why? Because they are curious. Make sense :)
Conclusion: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual discretion as to when to inspect or open suspicious packages.

Assumption: The first reason postal employees open suspicious packages is that they are curious. Or no other reasons make postal employees want to open suspicious packages.
Negate the assumption to confirm: postal employees are not curious when they decide to open suspicious packages. ==> Cannot say “it’s a mistake to give them rights to open suspicious packages”.

ANALYZE EACH OPTIONS:

-Postal service managers are the only people with the authority to open suspicious packages.
Wrong. Out of scope. Nothing about the right of “service managers”.

-Suspicious packages are indistinguishable from all other kinds of package.
Wrong. The fact that suspicious packages are indistinguishable or distinguishable does not affect “curious” employees, who want to open all suspicious packages (does not matter the packages are distinguishable/indistinguishable). Thus, B is not the assumption.

-The efficiency of the postal service will be greatly reduced if more packages are inspected.
Wrong. Out of scope. Nothing about “the efficiency”.

-There is currently no protocol in place for the inspection of suspicious packages.
Wrong. TEMPTING because of the wording, not of the meaning.
The stimulus only says employees open “suspicious” packages without first following a strict protocol because of their curiosity. Let rephrase, although there is strict protocol (it means the opening suspicious packages may not be necessary if the postal employees follow strict protocol), employees still open the packages. Why? Because they are curious. Therefore, If there is no protocol, we do not know they are curious or not.. Hence, D cannot be the assumption.

-Postal employees desire to open packages out of curiosity.
Correct. As stated above.

Hope it helps.


picked b

Could you explain how it does not matter whether packages are indistinguishable or not. If they are clearly distinguishable employees should not open the other ones and hence all packages may not arrive opened. The argument also says employees are allowed to open only suspicious packages and if we can identify which ones are suspicious not all the packages will arrive opened.

Also e was explicitly stated in the argument.
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Re: GMAT Club Tests [#permalink] New post 18 Aug 2013, 11:39
ramannanda9 wrote:
picked b

Could you explain how it does not matter whether packages are indistinguishable or not. If they are clearly distinguishable employees should not open the other ones and hence all packages may not arrive opened. The argument also says employees are allowed to open only suspicious packages and if we can identify which ones are suspicious not all the packages will arrive opened.

Also e was explicitly stated in the argument.


Hi ramannanda9

I think you misunderstood a little bit. Do NOT assume "distinguishable" is "suspicious". They are totally different. "Suspicious" does not need to be "distinguishable" and vice versa. The "suspicious" packages may look the same as other packages.

B does not matter because the "suspicious" packages may or may not be distinguishable from all other packages. Hence, B cannot be the assumption.

About E, yes, it is stated in the stimulus. Technically, it "should not" be the assumption per GMAT standards. However, it's the best among all.

Hope it helps.
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Re: GMAT Club Tests [#permalink] New post 18 Aug 2013, 22:54
pqhai wrote:
ramannanda9 wrote:
picked b

Could you explain how it does not matter whether packages are indistinguishable or not. If they are clearly distinguishable employees should not open the other ones and hence all packages may not arrive opened. The argument also says employees are allowed to open only suspicious packages and if we can identify which ones are suspicious not all the packages will arrive opened.

Also e was explicitly stated in the argument.


Hi ramannanda9

I think you misunderstood a little bit. Do NOT assume "distinguishable" is "suspicious". They are totally different. "Suspicious" does not need to be "distinguishable" and vice versa. The "suspicious" packages may look the same as other packages.

B does not matter because the "suspicious" packages may or may not be distinguishable from all other packages. Hence, B cannot be the assumption.

About E, yes, it is stated in the stimulus. Technically, it "should not" be the assumption per GMAT standards. However, it's the best among all.

Hope it helps.


Oh! but i did not mean that; what i meant earlier was that the suspicious packages are distinguishable from the correct ones; In that case the distinguishable nature of the packages can help in clear demarcation of which packages are suspicious and which are not and employees would then, not open the correct ones and hence all packages will not arrived opened.
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Re: GMAT Club Tests [#permalink] New post 25 Oct 2013, 22:46
ramannanda9 wrote:
pqhai wrote:
ramannanda9 wrote:
picked b

Could you explain how it does not matter whether packages are indistinguishable or not. If they are clearly distinguishable employees should not open the other ones and hence all packages may not arrive opened. The argument also says employees are allowed to open only suspicious packages and if we can identify which ones are suspicious not all the packages will arrive opened.

Also e was explicitly stated in the argument.


Hi ramannanda9

I think you misunderstood a little bit. Do NOT assume "distinguishable" is "suspicious". They are totally different. "Suspicious" does not need to be "distinguishable" and vice versa. The "suspicious" packages may look the same as other packages.

B does not matter because the "suspicious" packages may or may not be distinguishable from all other packages. Hence, B cannot be the assumption.

About E, yes, it is stated in the stimulus. Technically, it "should not" be the assumption per GMAT standards. However, it's the best among all.

Hope it helps.


Oh! but i did not mean that; what i meant earlier was that the suspicious packages are distinguishable from the correct ones; In that case the distinguishable nature of the packages can help in clear demarcation of which packages are suspicious and which are not and employees would then, not open the correct ones and hence all packages will not arrived opened.


Hi ramannanda9,

This is my understanding of why option B is wrong. Firstly, let's look at the question stem, it is an assumption question. Assumptions are like strengthener's to reinforce the strength of the conclusion, and make us believe them. So, keeping this in mind, if we look at option B, it states that " Suspicious packages are indistinguishable from all other kinds of packages" If this were true, then would this lead the author to conclude that " It is a mistake to give post office employees individual discretion as to when to inspect or open suspicious packages." No it wouldn't, so it in-fact, weakens the conclusion. And, if we negate it to state the logical opposite, then the statement would be " Suspicious packages are not indistinguishable from all other kinds of packages, or , suspicious packages are distinguishable from all other kinds of packages". This would in turn strengthen the conclusion, which ideally is the opposite of the intended effect of negation ( i.e. negating an answer choice is supposed to weaken the argument not strengthen it).

Hope this helps, and if you feel that I'm wrong, feel free to correct me.
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Re: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual [#permalink] New post 29 Oct 2013, 21:59
I have a query here with regards to the OA.

Doesn't E restates what is already given in the argument. The last line of the argument states that the postal employees open the packages out of curiosity - so if it is already stated how can it be an assumption (unstated premise).

I did read the above discussion on the same query however I am not convinced.

Can somebody please explain?
Re: It is a mistake to give post office employees individual   [#permalink] 29 Oct 2013, 21:59
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