Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 16 Apr 2014, 08:25

Hurry Up:

Last day of registration for Dealing with a Ding - Webinar by GMATClub and Admissionado Consulting.


Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
Manager
Manager
Joined: 03 Jul 2012
Posts: 104
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V36
GPA: 3.9
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 8

It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2012, 11:16
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

60% (02:25) correct 40% (01:07) wrong based on 35 sessions
It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced. During the first century B.C., Rome experienced almost constant civil war accompanied by social upheaval. It wasn't until the ascension of Nerva to the throne in 96 A.D. that the situation stabilized. Throughout the second century A.D., Rome experienced a century of uninterrupted peace and stability.

If all of the statements in the passage are true, then which of the following must also be true?

a. During the first century B.C., great works of literature were produced in Rome.
b. Roman art of the first century B.C. was superior to Roman art of the second century A.D.
c. During the second century A.D., no great works of literature were produced in Rome.
d. Historically, great works of literature can stir emotions that find their expression in political action.
e. The first century A.D. was a time of decreased literary production in Rome.
Manager
Manager
Joined: 03 Jul 2012
Posts: 104
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V36
GPA: 3.9
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 8

Re: It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2012, 11:18
I am confused between A and C. Can somebody help me out with this?? :roll:
7 KUDOS received
GMAT Instructor
Joined: 24 Jun 2008
Posts: 967
Location: Toronto
Followers: 236

Kudos [?]: 575 [7] , given: 3

GMAT Tests User
Re: It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2012, 13:12
7
This post received
KUDOS
This question is about what are called necessary and sufficient conditions. We learn in the question that "great works of literature are *only* produced in unstable times". That is, "unstable times" are needed in order for great literature to be written. So if we don't have unstable times, we don't have great literature, and C is correct.

A is not correct. Nowhere does it say that "unstable times" *guarantee* that great literature will be produced. All we know is that without them, there is no chance of having any great literature. But with them, we might, or we might not. In technical terms, "unstable times" are a "necessary condition" for great literature, but are not a "sufficient condition" (they don't guarantee anything).

A much more obvious example of the same principle - suppose a question says:

The only way you can win the lottery is to buy a lottery ticket. If this statement is true, what must be true?
A. If you buy a lottery ticket, you will win the lottery.
B. ...
C. If you don't buy a lottery ticket, you won't win the lottery.
.

Clearly A is wrong, and C is correct - buying the ticket is necessary to win, but it guarantees nothing. This is just a simplified version of the question in your post (I've just replaced "during unstable times" with "buy a lottery ticket" and "great works of literature are produced" with "win the lottery").
_________________

Nov 2011: After years of development, I am now making my advanced Quant books and high-level problem sets available for sale. Contact me at ianstewartgmat at gmail.com for details.

Private GMAT Tutor based in Toronto

Intern
Intern
Joined: 21 Aug 2012
Posts: 27
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 4

Re: It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound [#permalink] New post 23 Aug 2012, 01:52
Correct explanation. it is a very good example of difference b/w necessary and sufficient conditions.

IanStewart wrote:
This question is about what are called necessary and sufficient conditions. We learn in the question that "great works of literature are *only* produced in unstable times". That is, "unstable times" are needed in order for great literature to be written. So if we don't have unstable times, we don't have great literature, and C is correct.

A is not correct. Nowhere does it say that "unstable times" *guarantee* that great literature will be produced. All we know is that without them, there is no chance of having any great literature. But with them, we might, or we might not. In technical terms, "unstable times" are a "necessary condition" for great literature, but are not a "sufficient condition" (they don't guarantee anything).

A much more obvious example of the same principle - suppose a question says:

The only way you can win the lottery is to buy a lottery ticket. If this statement is true, what must be true?
A. If you buy a lottery ticket, you will win the lottery.
B. ...
C. If you don't buy a lottery ticket, you won't win the lottery.
.

Clearly A is wrong, and C is correct - buying the ticket is necessary to win, but it guarantees nothing. This is just a simplified version of the question in your post (I've just replaced "during unstable times" with "buy a lottery ticket" and "great works of literature are produced" with "win the lottery").

_________________

Please give kudos if you like my reply!

Intern
Intern
Joined: 02 Aug 2012
Posts: 27
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V36
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 2

Re: It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound [#permalink] New post 01 Sep 2012, 03:43
It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced. During the first century B.C., Rome experienced almost constant civil war accompanied by social upheaval. It wasn't until the ascension of Nerva to the throne in 96 A.D. that the situation stabilized. Throughout the second century A.D., Rome experienced a century of uninterrupted peace and stability.

If all of the statements in the passage are true, then which of the following must also be true?

a. During the first century B.C., great works of literature were produced in Rome. Not necessarily, the passage states that great works of literature are only produced in times of instability, that doesn't mean that each time of instability great works MUST be produced.
b. Roman art of the first century B.C. was superior to Roman art of the second century A.D. Nothing in the passage implies that, they might be both great since they were produced in a time of instability, but which one is superior?! no one knows.
c. During the second century A.D., no great works of literature were produced in Rome. Correct. The second century was a time of stability as mentioned in the passage, and since geat works of literature are ONLY produced in times of instability, no great works could have been produced in the second century
d. Historically, great works of literature can stir emotions that find their expression in political action.Out of scope
e. The first century A.D. was a time of decreased literary production in Rome.No evidence in the passage would support this.
1 KUDOS received
Retired Moderator
User avatar
Status: 2000 posts! I don't know whether I should feel great or sad about it! LOL
Joined: 04 Oct 2009
Posts: 1733
Location: Peru
Schools: Harvard, Stanford, Wharton, MIT & HKS (Government)
WE 1: Economic research
WE 2: Banking
WE 3: Government: Foreign Trade and SMEs
Followers: 60

Kudos [?]: 207 [1] , given: 109

GMAT Tests User
Re: It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound [#permalink] New post 01 Sep 2012, 09:38
1
This post received
KUDOS
+1 C

The argument doesn't mention that ALWAYS there will be excelent literature when there is polytical inestability.
It just mentions that this literature only appear in those conditions.
_________________

"Life’s battle doesn’t always go to stronger or faster men; but sooner or later the man who wins is the one who thinks he can."

My Integrated Reasoning Logbook / Diary: my-ir-logbook-diary-133264.html

Manager
Manager
Joined: 20 Apr 2010
Posts: 236
Location: Hyderabad
WE 1: 4.6 years Exp IT prof
Followers: 8

Kudos [?]: 38 [0], given: 35

GMAT Tests User
Re: It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound [#permalink] New post 01 Sep 2012, 11:34
Could you please share the source of this question and the OA
_________________

I will give a Fight till the End

"To dream anything that you want to dream, that is the beauty of the human mind. To do anything that you want to do, that is the strength of the human will. To trust yourself, to test your limits, that is the courage to succeed."
- Bernard Edmonds

A person who is afraid of Failure can never succeed -- Amneet Padda

Don't Forget to give the KUDOS

Manager
Manager
Joined: 03 Jul 2012
Posts: 104
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V36
GPA: 3.9
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 8

Re: It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound [#permalink] New post 01 Sep 2012, 12:35
selfAnnihilation wrote:
Could you please share the source of this question and the OA

Its from Veritas mock test.
@Ian- Thanks a lot man!! The explanation was great. :)
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 27 Jan 2013
Posts: 47
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT Date: 10-31-2013
WE: Engineering (Telecommunications)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 4

Re: It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound [#permalink] New post 12 Jun 2013, 11:11
is the structure like this???

sufficient condition---literature produced.
necessary condition--- societal instability.

literature produced------> societal instability
hence
societal stability---------->NO literature produced.

and this is said in option C only...

pls correct me if my understanding is wrong...
Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 15 Jun 2012
Posts: 983
Location: United States
Followers: 93

Kudos [?]: 933 [0], given: 116

Premium Member
Re: It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound [#permalink] New post 12 Jun 2013, 12:02
mehulsayani wrote:
It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced. During the first century B.C., Rome experienced almost constant civil war accompanied by social upheaval. It wasn't until the ascension of Nerva to the throne in 96 A.D. that the situation stabilized. Throughout the second century A.D., Rome experienced a century of uninterrupted peace and stability.

If all of the statements in the passage are true, then which of the following must also be true?

a. During the first century B.C., great works of literature were produced in Rome.
b. Roman art of the first century B.C. was superior to Roman art of the second century A.D.
c. During the second century A.D., no great works of literature were produced in Rome.
d. Historically, great works of literature can stir emotions that find their expression in political action.
e. The first century A.D. was a time of decreased literary production in Rome.


IMO, C is correct.

First of all, this is MUST BE TRUE question, any option that maybe true is wrong.

ANALYZE THE PREMISE:
Only in conditions of profound societal instability are great works of literature produced
During the first century B.C., Rome experienced a societal instability
After the ascension of Nerva to the throne in 96 A.D, Rome experienced a societal stability

ANALYZE EACH OPTION:


a. During the first century B.C., great works of literature were produced in Rome.
Wrong. Very tempting but wrong. Great works were produced only in societal instability. This is necessary condition. "A happens only if B happens" does not mean "any time B happens, A must happen".

b. Roman art of the first century B.C. was superior to Roman art of the second century A.D.
Wrong. Out of scope

c. During the second century A.D., no great works of literature were produced in Rome.
Correct. This is MUST BE TRUE option. Logic:"A happens only if B happens" ==> if No B, A will not happen for sure.

d. Historically, great works of literature can stir emotions that find their expression in political action.
Wrong. Out of scope

e. The first century A.D. was a time of decreased literary production in Rome.
Wrong. Out of scope.

Hope it helps.
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMV Chief of Design.

Re: It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound   [#permalink] 12 Jun 2013, 12:02
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Popular new posts 20 Fact: Asthma, a bronchial condition, is much less common okdongdong 17 05 Aug 2005, 06:46
New posts Historically, monetary systems have developed only in Mishari 9 04 May 2007, 14:41
New posts fact that Amardeep Sharma 8 27 Nov 2007, 17:22
New posts It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound lucyqin 8 19 May 2008, 15:21
Popular new posts 5 Experts publish their posts in the topic It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound bschool83 31 14 Jul 2011, 18:34
Display posts from previous: Sort by

It is an historical fact that only in conditions of profound

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.