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It is not correct that the people of the United States,

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It is not correct that the people of the United States, [#permalink] New post 30 Mar 2005, 14:19
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A
B
C
D
E

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It is not correct that the people of the United States, relative to comparable countries, are the most lightly taxed. True, the United States has the lowest tax, as percent of gross domestic product, of the Western industrialized countries, but tax rates alone do not tell the whole story. People in the United States pay out of pocket for many goods and services provided from tax revenues elsewhere. Consider universal health care, which is an entitlement supported by tax revenues in every other Western industrialized country, United States government health-care expenditures are equivalent to about 5 percent of the gross domestic product, but private health-care expenditures represent another 7 percent. This 7 percent, then, amounts to a tax.
The argument concerning whether the people of the United States are the most lightly taxed is most vulnerable to which one of the following criticisms?
(A) It bases a comparison on percentages rather than on absolute numbers.
(B) It unreasonably extends the application of a key term.
(C) It uses negatively charged language instead of attempting to give a reason.
(D) It generalizes from only a few instances.
(E) It sets up a dichotomy between alternatives that are not exclusive.



people refute all the options!
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 [#permalink] New post 30 Mar 2005, 15:21
could u please explain yr answer!
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 [#permalink] New post 30 Mar 2005, 17:04
(A) It bases a comparison on percentages rather than on absolute numbers.
- The author argues that Americans are not the most lightly taxed based on percentage. Instead, he states exmpales of why they are not really lightly-taxed as suggested by others.

(B) It unreasonably extends the application of a key term.
- I would go with this choice. The focus of the passage is on the term "tax". The author extends the application of the word 'tax' from simply a tax percentage (e.g. income tax of certain percentage) to a more qualitative context ( e.g. This work is extremely taxing).

(C) It uses negatively charged language instead of attempting to give a reason.
- out of scope. We're concerned with attacking the conclusion, not the tone of the passage.

(D) It generalizes from only a few instances.
- Out. The author did not generalize from a few instances.

(E) It sets up a dichotomy between alternatives that are not exclusive.
- no such groups of alternatives given in the passage

I'll take B.
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Re: cr [#permalink] New post 30 Mar 2005, 23:00
(D) It generalizes from only a few instances.
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 [#permalink] New post 31 Mar 2005, 00:08
I would have chosen E on the exam day...
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 [#permalink] New post 31 Mar 2005, 10:20
pls explain yr answers also,,,,,,
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 [#permalink] New post 31 Mar 2005, 10:53
karun_aggarwal wrote:
could u please explain yr answer!


I chose A because if we don't know the exactly number, percentage could be either light taxed or heavy taxed. For example, pay12% tax out of $1000 or 12% tax out of $100,000, the percentage is the same. but unless we find out the exactly #, we cannot determine whether the tax is light.
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Re: cr [#permalink] New post 31 Mar 2005, 11:20
(A) It bases a comparison on percentages rather than on absolute numbers.
It's ok to use percentage in comparison in many cases. Absolute number wouldn't give us a fair comparison about how heavy the tax is if we don't konw people's income level. However if we know they are both taxed 15% of their income, for example, then we can say that their tax level is more or less equivalent.

(B) It unreasonably extends the application of a key term.
I will go with this one too. The topic is about how heavy Americans are taxed. The author argues that other privatedly provided services and goods would be provided using tax money in other countries and then conclude that Americans pay more tax than the tax rate indicates. The problem is that he defines "tax" too different from anybody else. If he had used "tax and tax equivalent" then his argument may be ok.

(C) It uses negatively charged language instead of attempting to give a reason.
I have not seen any loaded terms.

(D) It generalizes from only a few instances.
His conclusion is not generalized from the examples.

(E) It sets up a dichotomy between alternatives that are not exclusive.
Don't think so.
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Last edited by HongHu on 01 Apr 2005, 09:39, edited 1 time in total.
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 [#permalink] New post 01 Apr 2005, 02:26
OA is indeed B
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  [#permalink] 01 Apr 2005, 02:26
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