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It is not correct that the people of the United States,

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Senior Manager
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It is not correct that the people of the United States, [#permalink] New post 01 Mar 2004, 08:03
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B
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E

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0% (00:00) correct 100% (01:09) wrong based on 1 sessions
Please explain your answer..

7. It is not correct that the people of the United States, relative to comparable countries, are the most lightly taxed. True, the United States has the lowest tax, as percent of gross domestic product, of the Western industrialized countries, but tax rates alone do not tell the whole story. People in the United States pay out of pocket for many goods and services provided from tax revenues elsewhere. Consider universal health care, which is an entitlement supported by tax revenues in every other Western industrialized country. United States government health-care expenditures are equivalent to about 5 percent of the gross domestic product, but private health-care expenditures represent another 7 percent. This 7 percent, then, amounts to a tax.

The argument concerning whether the people of the United States are the most lightly taxed is most vulnerable to which one of the following criticisms?

(A) It bases a comparison on percentages rather than on absolute numbers

(B) It unreasonably extends the application of a key term

(C) It uses negatively charged language instead of attempting to give a reason

(D) It generalizes from only a few instances

(E) It sets up a dichotomy between alternatives that are not exclusive
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 [#permalink] New post 01 Mar 2004, 08:38
A looks good.
If the answer is E then I will not be surprised.

B) There is no key term here
C) The author does not use -vely charged statements.
D) Even if the author generalizes from few instances the argument may very well be valid.
E) It may be correct because again the author uses percentages and catagorizes them into two groups eve though they are not exclusive.
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 [#permalink] New post 01 Mar 2004, 16:44
I believe B to be the answer.

They key term here is universal health care. The term "universal" means that it should be provided to everyone. Yet, the example includes both private and public health care when it should include only public health care as being "universal" (I don't believe private health care to be of "universal" access) . Therefore, the conclusion that US citizens are highly taxed based on both public and private health care taxes would be invalidated
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 [#permalink] New post 01 Mar 2004, 17:26
I believe the answer is B

When it comes to income tax, one need to compare percentages.
Americans are taxed 30% on average, but the Canadians are taxed
50%.

When we say 30%, it is 30% of the an average worker's income.

But in this argument, they are measureing the tax rate based on
GDP. That extension, IMO, is unreasonably extending the application
of a key term.
  [#permalink] 01 Mar 2004, 17:26
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It is not correct that the people of the United States,

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