Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

 It is currently 27 Aug 2016, 08:48

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 18 Sep 2009
Posts: 359
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 369 [2] , given: 2

It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jul 2011, 13:58
2
KUDOS
4
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

64% (01:46) correct 36% (00:46) wrong based on 237 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized by this type of nomadic wandering.

A) have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized
B) had migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized
C) migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that had been characterized
D) migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized
E) migrated from India over the course of several centuries that were characterized across Europe

Can anyone tell when to use simple past and past perfect. I know what is simple past and past perfect but i am very confused when to apply past tense and past perfect especially during when series of events happened in the past.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Senior Manager
Joined: 28 Jun 2009
Posts: 454
Location: United States (MA)
Followers: 18

Kudos [?]: 150 [0], given: 46

### Show Tags

25 Jul 2011, 14:32
In simple language, when you want to discuss series of events happened in past you will first use simple past to indicate the past tense and then use past perfect to indicate events happened before first event.

Ex. Everyone was disappointed when they found out that the tire had punctured.

"past perfect refers to a time before the past simple"
Manager
Joined: 14 Mar 2011
Posts: 203
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 109 [0], given: 21

### Show Tags

25 Jul 2011, 14:33
hiii Tom, I have also struggled a lot with usage of past perfect and in fact still struggle a lot after 3-4 months of rigorous gmat preparation.

The answer to above question should be 'D' because the sentence mentions only 1 incidence happening in past. We use past perfect when two different events happen in past in different time periods . Past perfect is used for earlier past event and simple past for later past event.

for example we can use past perfect for following sentence.

"It is possible that Roma people had migrated from india to Romaland long before the Europe slumbered in dark ages."

In this sentence two things happened in past. roma people's migration happened first and then europe slumbered in dark ages later. But in above sentence only 1 past event is mentioned. That is migration of roma people in particular time period. When only 1 event happens in past we use simple past .
Math Forum Moderator
Joined: 20 Dec 2010
Posts: 2021
Followers: 157

Kudos [?]: 1559 [0], given: 376

### Show Tags

25 Jul 2011, 17:45
TomB wrote:
It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized by this type of nomadic wandering.

have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized
had migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized
migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that had been characterized
migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized
migrated from India over the course of several centuries that were characterized across Europe

Can anyone tell when to use simple past and past perfect. I know what is simple past and past perfect but i am very confused when to apply past tense and past perfect especially during when series of events happened in the past.

 ! Please use appropriate forums to post your questions.Critical Reasoning(CR): gmat-critical-reasoning-cr-139/Reading Comprehension(RC): gmat-reading-comprehension-rc-137/Sentence Correction(SC): gmat-sentence-correction-sc-138/Analytical Writing And Assessment: analytical-writing-assessment-awa-144/Please DO NOT post any question in main Verbal forum:verbal-gmat-questions-11/

Although option A represents the problem section in SC questions, properly underlining the problem section helps people more.
_________________
Senior Manager
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 397
Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, Finance
GMAT 1: 680 Q50 V32
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 82 [0], given: 13

### Show Tags

29 Jul 2011, 06:01
Isn't the answer B? That's the only option with had in it

Posted from my mobile device
Manager
Joined: 28 May 2011
Posts: 195
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V38
GPA: 3.6
WE: Project Management (Computer Software)
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 7

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2011, 01:08
I chose D

Use of Present Perfact (Have) is wrong here and use of simple past is right (were) in second clause and placement of 'across Europe' is wrong in 'E'
_________________

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
http://gmatclub.com/forum/a-guide-to-the-official-guide-13-for-gmat-review-134210.html
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Manager
Status: struggling with GMAT
Joined: 06 Dec 2012
Posts: 228
Concentration: Accounting
GMAT Date: 04-06-2013
GPA: 3.65
Followers: 14

Kudos [?]: 275 [0], given: 46

It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Mar 2013, 01:50
It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized by this type of nomadic wandering.

(A)have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized

(B)had migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized

(C)migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that had been characterized

(D)migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized

(E)migrated from India over the course of several centuries that were characterized across Euro

Need explanation....
Manager
Joined: 19 Oct 2011
Posts: 132
Location: India
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 339 [0], given: 33

Re: It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Mar 2013, 03:30
There is only one event which the sentence speaks about: migration. Hence there is no need to use perfect tenses. Eliminate A, B and C.
E sounds wrong the moment you read it. Hence we can eliminate it by trusting our ear. D conveys the meaning in a clear way without complicating it with perfect tenses.

A)have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized

(B)had migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized

(C)migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that had been characterized

(D)migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized

(E)migrated from India over the course of several centuries that were characterized across Euro
_________________

Encourage me by pressing the KUDOS if you find my post to be helpful.

Help me win "The One Thing You Wish You Knew - GMAT Club Contest"
http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-one-thing-you-wish-you-knew-gmat-club-contest-140358.html#p1130989

Manager
Joined: 08 Apr 2012
Posts: 129
Followers: 11

Kudos [?]: 87 [0], given: 14

Re: It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Mar 2013, 06:59
mun23 wrote:
It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized by this type of nomadic wandering.

(A)have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized

(B)had migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized

(C)migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that had been characterized

(D)migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized

(E)migrated from India over the course of several centuries that were characterized across Euro

Need explanation....

We use a perfect tense when there is another event to compare with. Something like Romans had migrated even before something else happened. But in this case, this is not true. So we use simple past tense. Eliminate A and B

In the second part of the sentence, it the "centuries" that were characterized by this type of migrations.
- In C, "that had been characterized" again is a past perfect usage which is not warranted here.
- In E, "characterized across Europe" => the most absurd structure.

D is the simplest and most straight-forward with no meaning distortion.
_________________

Shouvik
http://www.Edvento.com

Senior Manager
Joined: 16 Dec 2011
Posts: 452
Followers: 11

Kudos [?]: 184 [0], given: 70

Re: It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Apr 2013, 23:31
All duplicate threads on this same topic are merged.
Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 16 Jun 2012
Posts: 1153
Location: United States
Followers: 236

Kudos [?]: 2566 [0], given: 123

Re: It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Apr 2013, 23:55
TomB wrote:
It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized by this type of nomadic wandering.

A) have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized
B) had migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized
C) migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that had been characterized
D) migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized
E) migrated from India over the course of several centuries that were characterized across Europe

Can anyone tell when to use simple past and past perfect. I know what is simple past and past perfect but i am very confused when to apply past tense and past perfect especially during when series of events happened in the past.

A is out because the use of present perfect tense is wrong.
B is out because Past perfect is used only you have a specific time in the past.
C is out out because Past perfect tense is used incorrectly.
E is out because "over the course of several centuries that" does not make sense.

D is correct
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 9248
Followers: 804

Kudos [?]: 165 [0], given: 0

Re: It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Jul 2014, 13:29
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 9248
Followers: 804

Kudos [?]: 165 [0], given: 0

Re: It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Sep 2015, 09:35
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Manager
Joined: 22 Aug 2014
Posts: 50
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 5

Re: It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Jan 2016, 09:13
Since it is past event, don't use any present tense,including present perfect. Then, think about why we need past perfect tense? We use past perfect tense when two past events exist simultaneously and it requires to distinguish one from the other to indicate their chronology. Here, only one past event exists; so, use past simple -no need to use past perfect. Always use past perfect cautiously, even if two past clauses are there because if no ambiguity exists between the past events, no need to use past perfect; it means past simple is just fine.
Re: It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India   [#permalink] 13 Jan 2016, 09:13
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
4 It is possible that the Roma people have 5 30 Aug 2014, 00:13
Of all the vast tides of migration that have swept through 7 29 Mar 2013, 04:35
It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India 0 05 Mar 2013, 06:59
4 Of all the vast tides of migration that have swept through 7 29 Aug 2012, 19:26
19 Of all the vast tides of migration that have swept through 22 07 Dec 2010, 00:33
Display posts from previous: Sort by