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It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India

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It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India [#permalink] New post 25 Jul 2011, 12:58
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A
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65% (01:55) correct 35% (00:50) wrong based on 74 sessions
It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized by this type of nomadic wandering.

A) have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized
B) had migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized
C) migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that had been characterized
D) migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized
E) migrated from India over the course of several centuries that were characterized across Europe

Can anyone tell when to use simple past and past perfect. I know what is simple past and past perfect but i am very confused when to apply past tense and past perfect especially during when series of events happened in the past.
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Re: sc [#permalink] New post 25 Jul 2011, 13:32
In simple language, when you want to discuss series of events happened in past you will first use simple past to indicate the past tense and then use past perfect to indicate events happened before first event.

Ex. Everyone was disappointed when they found out that the tire had punctured.

"past perfect refers to a time before the past simple"
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Re: sc [#permalink] New post 25 Jul 2011, 13:33
hiii Tom, I have also struggled a lot with usage of past perfect and in fact still struggle a lot after 3-4 months of rigorous gmat preparation.

The answer to above question should be 'D' because the sentence mentions only 1 incidence happening in past. We use past perfect when two different events happen in past in different time periods . Past perfect is used for earlier past event and simple past for later past event.

for example we can use past perfect for following sentence.

"It is possible that Roma people had migrated from india to Romaland long before the Europe slumbered in dark ages."

In this sentence two things happened in past. roma people's migration happened first and then europe slumbered in dark ages later. But in above sentence only 1 past event is mentioned. That is migration of roma people in particular time period. When only 1 event happens in past we use simple past .
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Re: sc [#permalink] New post 25 Jul 2011, 16:45
TomB wrote:
It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized by this type of nomadic wandering.

have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized
had migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized
migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that had been characterized
migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized
migrated from India over the course of several centuries that were characterized across Europe

Can anyone tell when to use simple past and past perfect. I know what is simple past and past perfect but i am very confused when to apply past tense and past perfect especially during when series of events happened in the past.



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Re: sc [#permalink] New post 29 Jul 2011, 05:01
Isn't the answer B? That's the only option with had in it

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Re: sc [#permalink] New post 30 Jul 2011, 00:08
I chose D

Use of Present Perfact (Have) is wrong here and use of simple past is right (were) in second clause and placement of 'across Europe' is wrong in 'E'
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It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India [#permalink] New post 05 Mar 2013, 00:50
It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized by this type of nomadic wandering.

(A)have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized

(B)had migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized

(C)migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that had been characterized

(D)migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized

(E)migrated from India over the course of several centuries that were characterized across Euro

Need explanation....
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Re: It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India [#permalink] New post 05 Mar 2013, 02:30
There is only one event which the sentence speaks about: migration. Hence there is no need to use perfect tenses. Eliminate A, B and C.
E sounds wrong the moment you read it. Hence we can eliminate it by trusting our ear. D conveys the meaning in a clear way without complicating it with perfect tenses.

A)have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized

(B)had migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized

(C)migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that had been characterized

(D)migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized

(E)migrated from India over the course of several centuries that were characterized across Euro
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Re: It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India [#permalink] New post 05 Mar 2013, 05:59
mun23 wrote:
It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized by this type of nomadic wandering.

(A)have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized

(B)had migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized

(C)migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that had been characterized

(D)migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized

(E)migrated from India over the course of several centuries that were characterized across Euro

Need explanation....


We use a perfect tense when there is another event to compare with. Something like Romans had migrated even before something else happened. But in this case, this is not true. So we use simple past tense. Eliminate A and B

In the second part of the sentence, it the "centuries" that were characterized by this type of migrations.
- In C, "that had been characterized" again is a past perfect usage which is not warranted here.
- In E, "characterized across Europe" => the most absurd structure.

D is the simplest and most straight-forward with no meaning distortion.
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Re: It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India [#permalink] New post 16 Apr 2013, 22:31
All duplicate threads on this same topic are merged.
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Re: It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India [#permalink] New post 16 Apr 2013, 22:55
TomB wrote:
It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized by this type of nomadic wandering.

A) have migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized
B) had migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized
C) migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that had been characterized
D) migrated from India across Europe over the course of several centuries that were characterized
E) migrated from India over the course of several centuries that were characterized across Europe

Can anyone tell when to use simple past and past perfect. I know what is simple past and past perfect but i am very confused when to apply past tense and past perfect especially during when series of events happened in the past.


A is out because the use of present perfect tense is wrong.
B is out because Past perfect is used only you have a specific time in the past.
C is out out because Past perfect tense is used incorrectly.
E is out because "over the course of several centuries that" does not make sense.

D is correct
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Re: It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India [#permalink] New post 29 Jul 2014, 12:29
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Re: It is possible that the Roma people have migrated from India   [#permalink] 29 Jul 2014, 12:29
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