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# It is true of both men and women

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Director
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It is true of both men and women that those who marry as [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2006, 14:52
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It is true of both men and women that those who marry as young adults live longer than those who never marry. This dos not show that marriage causes people to live longer, since, as compared with other people of the same age, young adults who are about to get married have fewer of the unhealthy habits that can cause a person to have a shorter life, most notably smoking and immoderate drinking of alcohol.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

A. Marriage tends to cause people to engage less regularly in sports that involve risk of bodily harm.
B. A married person who has an unhealthy habit is more likely to give up that habit than a person with the same habit who is unmarried.
C. A person who smokes is much more likely than a nonsmoker to marry a person who smokes at the time of marriage, and the same is true for people who drink alcohol immoderately.
D. Among people who marry as young adults, most of those who give up an unhealthy habit after marriage do not resume the habit later in life.
E. Among people who as young adults neither drink alcohol immoderately nor smoke, those who never marry live as long as those who marry.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Director
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14 Jun 2006, 14:53
A tough one again ..

I don't have an OA for this one. I met with this question on this forum. The discussion was a long thread. And I am curious about the OA. I would like to hear your comments. Please tell why you chose which.

Thanks ..
VP
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14 Jun 2006, 15:06
CR specifically indicates that people give up unhealthy behaviour due to the fact that they are getting married.

A. Marriage tends to cause people to engage less regularly in sports that involve risk of bodily harm.

B. A married person who has an unhealthy habit is more likely to give up that habit than a person with the same habit who is unmarried.

Says the tendency of married person to be more healthy, which would relate to pre-marriage behaviour.

C. A person who smokes is much more likely than a nonsmoker to marry a person who smokes at the time of marriage, and the same is true for people who drink alcohol immoderately.

Says smoker/drinker marries another smoker/drinker.. irrelevant.

D. Among people who marry as young adults, most of those who give up an unhealthy habit after marriage do not resume the habit later in life.

Talks about post-marriage behaviour...tendency to revert to unhealthy lifestyle... close but not relevant.

E. Among people who as young adults neither drink alcohol immoderately nor smoke, those who never marry live as long as those who marry.

Discusses Unmarried healthy lifestyle lifespan... irrelevant.

Answer :I would go for B.

Last edited by haas_mba07 on 14 Jun 2006, 15:11, edited 1 time in total.
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14 Jun 2006, 15:07
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It is clearly E

The argument is saying that those who marry young tend to live longer, NOT because they are married, BUT because they tend to not have unhealthy habits.

E strengthens the argument saying that among young people, those who do not have unhealthy habits but DO NOT marry live as long as the ones that DO marry.
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14 Jun 2006, 15:09
haas_mba07 wrote:
B. A married person who has an unhealthy habit is more likely to give up that habit than a person with the same habit who is unmarried.

I would go for B.

The stem says This dos not show that marriage causes people to live longer. Hence B does not strengthen the argument, instead weakens it.
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VP
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14 Jun 2006, 15:15

I think the CR indicates that the same tendency in an implicit manner.

gmatmba wrote:
haas_mba07 wrote:
B. A married person who has an unhealthy habit is more likely to give up that habit than a person with the same habit who is unmarried.

I would go for B.

The stem says This dos not show that marriage causes people to live longer. Hence B does not strengthen the argument, instead weakens it.
VP
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14 Jun 2006, 15:16
I agree this is a tricky one... subtle and tricky.
Manager
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14 Jun 2006, 15:19
I betting on E

If I understand correctly, we are looking for something that support the idea that getting married young is not the main cause of a long life, since younger people tend to smoke and drink more...............

By POE I choose E.

Nice question
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14 Jun 2006, 15:58
Tend to go with E.
Manager
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14 Jun 2006, 19:16
I will go with B on this one.
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14 Jun 2006, 21:07
'B' for me too.
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14 Jun 2006, 21:15
I am not following the crowd, but choose B as well for my own reasons... because it doesn't state that the marriage is the cause, but rather condition that a couple makes when marrying younger

why do we care about the fact of what is happening among certain groups as D and E state?

C is irrelevant

in A risk of bodily harm is not the same as unhealthy habits...
Director
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14 Jun 2006, 21:54
This is a tricky one..

Let us analys the argument...the story goes like this..

There are 2 families - married when young & married when relatively old

and the truth is family red lives longer thant family green.
the 2nd truth is it is not that marrying young prolongs life but the fewer unhealthy habits which doesn't grow further prolongs their life span

'A' - out of context
'C' - couples interest. no clue about this analysis or statistics in the argument . out of context.

'D' - it is a fact. red family, if they have fewer unhealthy habits, then its number reduces (doesn't grow) and therefore adds more days to their life. Strenghtens the first truth and second as well

'B' - red family is more likely (how likely ???) to give up when compared to an unknown entity (unmarried people..)

'E' - it is a fact. unknown people who tend have either similar or better healthy habits when compared to red family tend to live almost same as the red family...
Strengthens

'E' is the clear winner...
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14 Jun 2006, 23:12
Will go with E.

The argument is that marriage has nothing to do with people living longer.
To strengthen the argument we need to show something simmilar.

E does that.

The author argues that studies have found young people marrying earlier to live a longer live.
And E says that a young person with similar habits to another yougn man gettign married has the same chance of living longer as the person marrying. Hence marriage is not a factor in their longer lives.
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14 Jun 2006, 23:21
Will go with E.

The point here is that marriage does not increase longevity, but habits do. The only choice that supports this is E.
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14 Jun 2006, 23:29
I will go with B.
This was a simple one for me cos, I have been in this situation. Who else can answer it better.

NOTE: The passage askes you to strenthen the argument above and not contradict it.
VP
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15 Jun 2006, 01:30
EEEEEEEEEEEEEE .
Will explain later. Already good explaination for E.
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15 Jun 2006, 01:50
"E" is the best.

It supports the claim that 'marriage is not the reason for living long".
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15 Jun 2006, 03:48
Friends,

Thanks for your participation and the great discussion. It is amazing

My answer for this question is also ^ E ^ .

We need to pay attention to:

"It is true of both men and women that those who marry as young adults live longer than those who never marry. This dos not show that marriage causes people to live longer..."

The bold part is the main point the authour tries to make. So, we should try to find an idea that supports and strengthens it. And E does that.
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15 Jun 2006, 03:50
vivek123 wrote:
"E" is the best.

It supports the claim that 'marriage is not the reason for living long".

Vivek, it is nice to see you again

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