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It is true of both men and women that those who marry as

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It is true of both men and women that those who marry as [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2009, 10:05
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It is true of both men and women that those who marry as young adults live longer than those who never marry. This dose not show that marriage causes people to live longer, since, as compared with other people of the same age, young adults who are about to get married have fewer of the unhealthy habits that can cause a person to have a shorter life, most notably smoking and immoderate drinking of alcohol.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

A. Marriage tends to cause people to engage less regularly in sports that involve risk of bodily harm.
B. A married person who has an unhealthy habit is more likely to give up that habit than a person with the same habit who is unmarried.
C. A person who smokes is much more likely than a nonsmoker to marry a person who smokes at the time of marriage, and the same is true for people who drink alcohol immoderately.
D. Among people who marry as young adults, most of those who give up an unhealthy habit after marriage do not resume the habit later in life.
E. Among people who as young adults neither drink alcohol immoderately nor smoke, those who never marry live as long as those who marry.

Please, provide your explanations
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: young adults [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2009, 23:58
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barakhaiev wrote:
It is true of both men and women that those who marry as young adults live longer than those who never marry. This dose not show that marriage causes people to live longer, since, as compared with other people of the same age, young adults who are about to get married have fewer of the unhealthy habits that can cause a person to have a shorter life, most notably smoking and immoderate drinking of alcohol.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

A. Marriage tends to cause people to engage less regularly in sports that involve risk of bodily harm.
B. A married person who has an unhealthy habit is more likely to give up that habit than a person with the same habit who is unmarried.
C. A person who smokes is much more likely than a nonsmoker to marry a person who smokes at the time of marriage, and the same is true for people who drink alcohol immoderately.
D. Among people who marry as young adults, most of those who give up an unhealthy habit after marriage do not resume the habit later in life.
E. Among people who as young adults neither drink alcohol immoderately nor smoke, those who never marry live as long as those who marry.

Please, provide your explanations



Choose E here.

E affirms that marriage doesn't impact on life expectancy prolongation. Hence, the conclusion that marriage causes people to live longer is strengthen.
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Re: young adults [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2009, 10:47
I think E is right.
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Re: young adults [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2009, 22:31
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A) Incorrect- weaken the argument
B) Incorrect- Irrelevant
C) Incorrect- Out of the scope
D) Incorrect - Here the sentence is people who marry as young adult. But in the premises it is " young adults who are about to get married".
E) correct
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Re: young adults [#permalink] New post 22 Oct 2009, 03:05
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E it is

D is a Trap Good explanation swathi
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Re: young adults [#permalink] New post 23 Oct 2009, 09:19
[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA - E

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Re: young adults [#permalink] New post 28 Jul 2010, 07:36
According to my source, OA is not E but D.
Please clarify.
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Re: young adults [#permalink] New post 28 Jul 2010, 07:55
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staright E for me
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Re: young adults [#permalink] New post 28 Apr 2011, 10:38
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this is a sub 400 level question so no explanation is needed . :lol: the answer though is E
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Re: young adults [#permalink] New post 08 Aug 2011, 11:35
Why is the OA D ,please explain someone , E is not the right answer
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Re: young adults [#permalink] New post 17 Sep 2011, 06:55
Oops. I analyzed it wrongly.
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Re: young adults [#permalink] New post 17 Sep 2011, 06:59
crackHSW wrote:
Why is the OA D ,please explain someone , E is not the right answer



Why do you say E is not the right answer? I understand why E is. And see if my 2 cents helps.

The conclusion of the argument is: Marriage does not improve longevity, but a lack of habits in those people, i.e. young adults whether or not they are about to get married.

Therefore E says that people who do not have the habits and do not marry and live as long as those who do not have the habits and marry. Now seriously, on a lighter note that has to be true! No offence to anybody. :)
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Re: young adults [#permalink] New post 18 Sep 2011, 01:08
Maybe E is wrong because of the below e.g:
Suppose A and B are two young persons starting off with non vices when young.
A gets married and then picks up vices
B remains a bachelor and then picks up same vices at same age.
Both do not live, long because they only live "as long" as each other according to the option.

Also D stresses on the fact that you have to give up the vice to live longer which strengthens the argument that marriage has nothing to do with long life

A and B weaken the case
C is not relevant I think...
Maybe some expert can comment too...
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Re: young adults [#permalink] New post 28 Dec 2011, 07:20
Izvos wrote:
Maybe E is wrong because of the below e.g:
Suppose A and B are two young persons starting off with non vices when young.
A gets married and then picks up vices
B remains a bachelor and then picks up same vices at same age.
Both do not live, long because they only live "as long" as each other according to the option.

Also D stresses on the fact that you have to give up the vice to live longer which strengthens the argument that marriage has nothing to do with long life

A and B weaken the case
C is not relevant I think...
Maybe some expert can comment too...

I think the most authenticated expert is GMAC. And if this question is from OG, then there is no doubt about the correct answer.

OFFICIAL GUIDE ANSWERS ARE NEVER WRONG

The only thing that is wrong is our logic to understand the argument and solve the question.
E is definitely the correct answer here.
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Re: It is true of both men and women that those who marry as [#permalink] New post 30 Sep 2013, 16:03
unpacking the argument:
s1 generalizes: young adults who get married live longer
s2 somewhat does not agree and provide more fact saying: young adults who are about to get married have moderately unhealthy habits like smoking and drinking.

we have strengthen this s2:

A: out of scope
B: out of scope
C: provide comparison -- irrelevant
D: out of scope
E: premise says young adults even if they do not smoke or drink, and they get married or stay unmarried live longer. This strengthen S2.

Best Answer is E.
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Re: It is true of both men and women that those who marry as [#permalink] New post 23 Aug 2014, 00:47
It is true of both men and women that those who marry as young adults live longer than those who never marry. This dose not show that marriage causes people to live longer, since, as compared with other people of the same age, young adults who are about to get married have fewer of the unhealthy habits that can cause a person to have a shorter life, most notably smoking and immoderate drinking of alcohol.

Conclusion : Marriage is not responsible for prolonged life expectancy. (Be careful about NOT)
Assumption: To improve that life expectancy, some other factors such as having a sports background in college, being genuinely fit before marriage could be the reason for improved life expectancy.

Looking at options with conclusion "Marriage is not responsible" (Anything else beyond is out of scope)
Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

A. Marriage tends to cause people to engage less regularly in sports that involve risk of bodily harm.--- Marriage is responsible.
B. A married person who has an unhealthy habit is more likely to give up that habit than a person with the same habit who is unmarried. Gives up because of marriage. (infact true with most men and women outside as well. Marriage is the cause
C. A person who smokes is much more likely than a nonsmoker to marry a person who smokes at the time of marriage, and the same is true for people who drink alcohol immoderately.
We are not running a marriage bureau :) Who marries whom is obviously out of scope
D. Among people who marry as young adults, most of those who give up an unhealthy habit after marriage do not resume the habit later in life. - This is the most tricky answer. We can assume that people end up giving up unhealthy habit after marriage mostly because of the pressure from spouse and thus this is also saying that marriage is responsible for the increase life expectancy. Has it been an inference question we can not assume this cause and effect . But, here we can safely eliminate this.
E. Among people who as young adults neither drink alcohol immoderately nor smoke, those who never marry live as long as those who marry.
Bingo. .!. I don't drink alchol or smoke, and so as my friend. We both hit a century. Only difference is he married and died unlike me. Thus, marriage is NOT the reason for increased life expectancy and thus strengthens the conclusion that marriage doesn't impact your life expectancy. (in real world it is likely to reduce :) .
Re: It is true of both men and women that those who marry as   [#permalink] 23 Aug 2014, 00:47
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