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J.J. Thomson, the discoverer of the electron and a recipient [#permalink]
23 Dec 2003, 11:35
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J.J. Thomson, the discoverer of the electron and a recipient of the Nobel Price in physics, trained many physicists, among them seven Nobel Price winners, 32 fellows of the Royal Society of London, and 83 professors of physics. This shows that the skills needed for creative research can be taught and learned.
Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
(A) J.J. Thomson was an internationally known physicist and scientists came from all over the world to work with him
(B) All the scientists trained by were renowned for their creative scientific research
(C) At least one of the eminent scientists trained by J.J. Thomson was not a creative researcher before coming to study with him
(D) Creative research in physics requires research habits not necessary for creative research in other fields
(E) Scientists who go on to be the most successful researchers often receive their scientific education in classes taught by renowned research scientists
The premises are that creative research can be taught and learned, and that JJ. Thomson was able to train people to become fellows (32), Nobel Prize winners (7) and professors of physics (83). Therefore, it follows at least one of those people was not a creative researcher before studying with JJ. Thomson.
B does not work because it does not attack the premise that creative research can be taught and learned.