Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 20 Oct 2014, 20:24

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
2 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 22 May 2003
Posts: 334
Location: Uruguay
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 18 [2] , given: 0

Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system [#permalink] New post 13 Sep 2003, 20:02
2
This post received
KUDOS
6
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
(C) A cuture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

Please don't be stingy with your explanations!!!
CEO
CEO
User avatar
Joined: 29 Aug 2007
Posts: 2500
Followers: 54

Kudos [?]: 512 [0], given: 19

Re: Brutal #34 [#permalink] New post 30 Oct 2009, 22:50
kairoshan wrote:
34. Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
(C) A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the



Realized that Japan cannot be a culture - so changed to D from A:

(A) is incorrect and wrong meaning as "Japan" cannot be '"a culture of accommodation and constraint".
(B) is incorrect and wrong meaning as "Japan" cannot be '"a culture of accommodation and constraint".
also "which" refers to "images", which is plural and the verb of plural "which" should be "make" not "makes".
(C) Too wired???????


(D) is correct as "Japan's" can be a culture of accommodation and constraint. The sentence reads as:
“Japan’s is a culture of accommodation and constraints, a system (of forms and etiquettes) that makes the everpresent congestion tolerable”.


(E) "Japan's" cannot be a culture of accommodation and constraint.
_________________

Verbal: new-to-the-verbal-forum-please-read-this-first-77546.html
Math: new-to-the-math-forum-please-read-this-first-77764.html
Gmat: everything-you-need-to-prepare-for-the-gmat-revised-77983.html


GT

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Jun 2009
Posts: 64
Schools: Wharton, Kellogg, Duke (Health care management)
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 3

Re: Brutal #34 [#permalink] New post 30 Oct 2009, 23:50
kairoshan wrote:
34. Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
(C) A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the



I think D is the correct answer.
Japan is not a culture. Its Japan's culture.
A has a problem with 'its'. Does the congestion refers to system of form, etiquette... or Japan itself or the culture?
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 23 Jun 2009
Posts: 155
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 9

Re: Brutal #34 [#permalink] New post 31 Oct 2009, 01:32
speeddeamon wrote:
kairoshan wrote:
34. Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
(C) A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the



I think D is the correct answer.
Japan is not a culture. Its Japan's culture.
A has a problem with 'its'. Does the congestion refers to system of form, etiquette... or Japan itself or the culture?


What is the subject in "D"?? etiquette, and images that makes---- clear subject verb error
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 23 Jun 2009
Posts: 155
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 9

Re: Brutal #34 [#permalink] New post 31 Oct 2009, 01:35
gmattokyo wrote:
kairoshan wrote:
34. Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
(C) A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the


Can't resist replying to a Q on Japan :)

IMO (D)

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
<--"its" predecessor is not clear"
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its <--same as (A)
(C) A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
<--Japan is not a culture. It should be Japan's culture
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the <--a culture of <>, a system of <> parallel form
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the <--a culture of a system of forms... sounds awkward and seems like changing the meaning of original

an edit on (A) reason


Don't u think "D" has subject verb agreement issue?
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 18 Aug 2009
Posts: 305
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 94 [0], given: 9

Re: Brutal #34 [#permalink] New post 31 Oct 2009, 01:51
you guyz have me confused, but I'll still stick with D.

To elaborate further:
if you are referring to etiquette, I think it can be used both as singular and plural.
The subject is culture, IMO

Japan's (culture -implicit) is a culture of <...>, a system of <..> (elaborates previous statement on culture) that makes
culture/system singular, followed by makes which is proper.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 29 Oct 2009
Posts: 211
Followers: 68

Kudos [?]: 656 [0], given: 18

Re: Brutal #34 [#permalink] New post 31 Oct 2009, 02:06
D for me.

IMO the explanation should be as follows:

Japan's (that is japans culture) is:

1) a culture of accommodation and constraint,
2) a system of forms, etiquette and images (here we are not talking about this point as a separate entity but rather to aid in describing the above point and thereby japans culture - this would explain the use of a comma rather than 'and')

which makes (because we are referring to 'culture' which is singular) the ever-present congestion tolerable.

Hope this helps!

Let me know what you guys think.
_________________

Click below to check out some great tips and tricks to help you deal with problems on Remainders!
compilation-of-tips-and-tricks-to-deal-with-remainders-86714.html#p651942

Word Problems Made Easy!
1) Translating the English to Math : word-problems-made-easy-87346.html
2) 'Work' Problems Made Easy : work-word-problems-made-easy-87357.html
3) 'Distance/Speed/Time' Word Problems Made Easy : distance-speed-time-word-problems-made-easy-87481.html

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 02 Oct 2009
Posts: 93
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 2

Re: SC: Japan [#permalink] New post 27 Nov 2009, 11:12
it's a weird qs...what is the source of this qs??
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Jun 2009
Posts: 297
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 30 [0], given: 4

Re: SC: Japan [#permalink] New post 28 Nov 2009, 11:43
Yes, I would have to agree. This is a very odd question.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 29 Jul 2009
Posts: 225
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 51 [0], given: 6

Re: SC: Japan [#permalink] New post 30 Nov 2009, 12:28
I think D. This is a vile question indeed.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 29 Dec 2009
Posts: 11
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 0

Re: SC: Japan [#permalink] New post 30 Dec 2009, 11:23
wow!!
I see mistakes in all the options. Can't say which one is more acceptable.

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its - wrong comparison
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its - This one first says Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint and then it says Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images and goes on to modify images which should not be the case
(C) A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its - again says Japan is a system... and images is being modified here
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the - Not parallel and modifies imagess
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the - of a system of forms is weird and again "images" is being modified here (even if there was a comma correctly put).

Am i missing something here?
Can anyone explain
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 25 May 2010
Posts: 143
Followers: 91

Kudos [?]: 388 [0], given: 0

Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system [#permalink] New post 03 Jul 2010, 02:18
Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.

A. Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
B. Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
C. A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
D. Japan’s is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
E. Japan’s is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes the
_________________

Sarai
GMAT Verbal Instructor at http://www.linkedin.com/company/ofek-gmat/online-gmat-tutoring-22305743/product?trk=biz_product
Email me at saraiyaseen@gmail.com

If this helped, kindly give Kudos! :wink:

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 17 Oct 2008
Posts: 199
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 11

Re: Ellipses SC questions [#permalink] New post 03 Jul 2010, 02:33
Between D & E.

Original sentence has modifier issue, 'making' points to japan instead of culture.

Sarai can you please explain the usage of 'that' and 'which' here
CEO
CEO
User avatar
Status: Nothing comes easy: neither do I want.
Joined: 12 Oct 2009
Posts: 2794
Location: Malaysia
Concentration: Technology, Entrepreneurship
Schools: ISB '15 (M)
GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V31
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V35
Followers: 182

Kudos [?]: 983 [0], given: 235

Reviews Badge
Re: Ellipses SC questions [#permalink] New post 03 Jul 2010, 03:05
Director
Director
avatar
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: Chicago Booth Class of 2015
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
Posts: 995
Followers: 15

Kudos [?]: 419 [0], given: 36

Re: Ellipses SC questions [#permalink] New post 03 Jul 2010, 03:29
IMO : D

Only D and E have the correct comparison. But "which" has problem in E.
_________________

Please press kudos if you like my post.

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 17 Oct 2008
Posts: 199
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 11

Re: Ellipses SC questions [#permalink] New post 03 Jul 2010, 06:05
gurpreetsingh wrote:
how japan's is a==> is right?


Japan’s [culture] is a culture of..

Thats the ellipses we have here
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 25 Feb 2010
Posts: 459
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 5

Re: Ellipses SC questions [#permalink] New post 03 Jul 2010, 06:38
Choice between D and E. E breaks parallelism because of second "of".

Hence, D.
_________________

GGG (Gym / GMAT / Girl) -- Be Serious

Its your duty to post OA afterwards; some one must be waiting for that...

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Jun 2010
Posts: 212
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 42 [0], given: 12

Re: SC_brutal [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2010, 01:01
Some may hesitate over whether to D or not, as I did, because that is followed by a singular form of verb, makes, and thereby they may claim D should be rules out. But a more careful look clears that "that" is modifying "a system". :) correct me if I'm wrong
Expert Post
Retired Moderator
avatar
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 2266
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Followers: 267

Kudos [?]: 1697 [0], given: 249

Premium Member
Re: SC_brutal [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2010, 04:59
Expert's post
The first test here is whether what the relative pronoun ‘which’ or ‘that’ stands for. If it is argued that it stands for the noun ‘images’, then this structure runs into a serious problem of S-V disagreement – ‘images’ which or that ‘makes’. Otherwise, we have to labor to argue that it stands for the distant 'a system' or 'a culture'. This is untenable; so in my opinion, we have to drop B, D and E and go for A, or C which avoids the mismodification by using a present participle that modifies the entire noun phrase or phrases lying before it.

Second task is whether we can accept a country as a culture. I think it is acceptable metaphorically.

But between A and C, A has a subtle problem, Japan is a culture and a system as per the text. I think these two should have been conjugated by a conjunction ‘and’.

C - On the contrary, some feel that it is awkward to start a sentence with an absolute modifier such as in choice C. But I feel that there are so many instances where this type of form has been passed by GMAT. In an OG example given below, the answer choice is C which is using the absolute modifiers as starters of sentences.

Quote:
Architects and stonemasons, huge palace and temple clusters were built by the Maya without benefit of the wheel or animal transport.

(A) huge palace and temple clusters were built by the Maya without benefit of the wheel or animal transport
(B) without the benefits of animal transport or the wheel, huge palace and temple clusters were built by the Maya
(C) the Maya built huge palace and temple clusters without the benefit of animal transport or the wheel
(D) there were built, without the benefit of the wheel or animal transport, huge palace and temple clusters by the Maya
(E) were the Maya who, without the benefit of the wheel or animal transport, built huge palace and temple clusters
Here Architects and Stonemsosns stand for the May, a tribe


I feel that C makes the strongest case as the answer IMO. Any takers?
_________________

Get the best GMAT Prep Resources with GMAT Club Premium Membership

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Status: swimming against the current
Joined: 24 Jul 2009
Posts: 252
Location: Chennai, India
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 44 [0], given: 30

Re: SC_brutal [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2010, 08:43
D, as someone said Japan's culture is discussed
_________________

Gonna make it this time

Retired Moderator
User avatar
Status: 2000 posts! I don't know whether I should feel great or sad about it! LOL
Joined: 04 Oct 2009
Posts: 1726
Location: Peru
Schools: Harvard, Stanford, Wharton, MIT & HKS (Government)
WE 1: Economic research
WE 2: Banking
WE 3: Government: Foreign Trade and SMEs
Followers: 67

Kudos [?]: 327 [0], given: 109

Re: SC_brutal [#permalink] New post 03 Dec 2010, 09:35
+1 D

Japan is a country which has a culture.
_________________

"Life’s battle doesn’t always go to stronger or faster men; but sooner or later the man who wins is the one who thinks he can."

My Integrated Reasoning Logbook / Diary: my-ir-logbook-diary-133264.html

Get the best GMAT Prep Resources with GMAT Club Premium Membership

Re: SC_brutal   [#permalink] 03 Dec 2010, 09:35
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system x2suresh 0 13 Mar 2012, 18:54
Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system jitendra 0 07 Oct 2008, 12:44
Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system marshpa 0 19 Aug 2008, 01:07
Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system zoltan 0 19 Feb 2013, 04:12
Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system beckee529 0 03 Nov 2007, 07:40
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8    Next  [ 156 posts ] 



cron

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.