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Joachim Raff and Giacomo Meyerbeer are examples of the kind

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Joachim Raff and Giacomo Meyerbeer are examples of the kind [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2012, 22:59
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Joachim Raff and Giacomo Meyerbeer are examples of the kind of composer who receives popular acclaim while living, often goes into decline after death, and never regains popularity again.

(A) often goes into decline after death, and never regains popularity again
(B) whose reputation declines after death and never regains its status again
(C) but whose reputation declines after death and never regains its former status
(D) who declines in reputation after death and who never regained popularity again
(E) then has declined in reputation after death and never regained popularity
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Joachim Raff and Giacomo Meyerbeer are examples of the kind [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2012, 23:15
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Concept tested: Redundancy, preposition, parallelism, modifiers.
Difficulty: 700
Illustration: Carefully examine the following sentence
My sister, who is a teenager, and whose street play was appreciated by all, won the local talent award yesterday.
This is a perfectly correct sentence as “who is a teenager” and “whose street play was appreciated by all” both modifier the subject “My sister”.

Now lets look at the options.
A is wrong because the composer does not go into decline after his or her death, but his or her reputation does.
B is incorrect because it uses redundant construction “regains its status again”.
D and E are wrong for the same reason we eliminated A i.e the composer himself does not go into decline after death.
C is correct (option C breaks the FANBOYS rule, which a lot of prep companies advocate to eliminate answer choices. Please see below for clarification.).

Tip:
A lot of prep companies adopt the rule of FANBOYS which says
Independent clause, independent clause is a run on sentence.
o to make it correct we use the construction:
Independent clause, FANBOYS independent clause; FANBOYS stands for “For, And, Not, But, Or, Yet, So”.
However, the converse is not necessarily true. Two clauses separated by comma and FANBOYS do not necessarily mean they need to be independent clauses.
E.g My brother loves to drive so fast that his co passengers often fear being headlined in the newspapers the following day, and hates to wear seat-belts.
The sentence without the punctuation would become haywire.
Also, the punctuation rules are not tested on the GMAT.

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Re: Joachim Raff and Giacomo Meyerbeer are examples of the kind [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2012, 01:00
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souvik101990 wrote:
Joachim Raff and Giacomo Meyerbeer are examples of the kind of composer who receives popular acclaim while living, often goes into decline after death, and never regains popularity again.

(A) often goes into decline after death, and never regains popularity again
(B) whose reputation declines after death and never regains its status again
(C) but whose reputation declines after death and never regains its former status
(D) who declines in reputation after death and who never regained popularity again
(E) then has declined in reputation after death and never regained popularity

I will go with {C}

(A) presents a List - "kind of composer who receives X, often goes Y, and never regains Z. But the sentence wants to show how the popularity of such composers decline after their death.
(B) whose referring to what?
(D) creates parallel list by using "who" - not required, we need to show contrast of what happens when the composer is alive and what happens after his death.
(E) then has declined - What has declined?
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Re: Joachim Raff and Giacomo Meyerbeer are examples of the kind [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2012, 04:46
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The first split is going to be on redundancy. Regain and again do not go together. So, let’s remove A, B and D.
Second, between C and E, E distorts the meaning saying that the composer has declined, and never regained his popularity, especially after death. Can a dead person decline and regain? But the intended meaning is that the reputation declines and never regains its earlier status. Hence C.
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Re: Joachim Raff and Giacomo Meyerbeer are examples of the kind [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2012, 07:43
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daagh wrote:
The first split is going to be on redundancy. Regain and again do not go together. So, let’s remove A, B and D.
Second, between C and E, E distorts the meaning saying that the composer has declined, and never regained his popularity, especially after death. Can a dead person decline and regain? But the intended meaning is that the reputation declines and never regains its earlier status. Hence C.

I wish I could post multiple kudos for your posts!
Your verbal explanations are among the best in the forum.
Cheers.
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Re: Joachim Raff and Giacomo Meyerbeer are examples of the kind [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2012, 09:14
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We have covered this sentence in our article "Alien word not so alien". This sentence is easy if you pay attention to meaning:

alien-words-not-so-alien-136331.html

Here is the explanation:

Let me just compare the correct answer choice (C) with the original answer choice (A):
A. often goes into decline after death, and never regains popularity again
C. but whose reputation declines after death and never regains its former status

The first thing to notice here is that Choice C has far many new words than Choice A. These words are “but, whose, reputation, former, status”. Yet, this choice is the correct answer.
Now let’s analyze both these answer choices from meaning standpoint to better understand the role of the alien words in choice C.

Choice A: Per this choice, the sentence says that a certain kind of composer gains popularity while alive, declines after death and never regains his popularity. This meaning just does not make sense because once the composer has died, he cannot decline any further. This choice conveys absolutely illogical meaning.

Choice C: Per this answer choice, a certain kind of composer gains popularity when alive, but after death, his reputation declines and it never regains its previous status. Indeed. This answer choice makes all the sense and hence is the correct answer choice.

Look at the article to see some other examples that test this concept.
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Re: Joachim Raff and Giacomo Meyerbeer are examples of the kind [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2012, 12:36
souvik101990 wrote:
Joachim Raff and Giacomo Meyerbeer are examples of the kind of composer who receives popular acclaim while living, often goes into decline after death, and never regains popularity again.

(A) often goes into decline after death, and never regains popularity again
(B) whose reputation declines after death and never regains its status again
(C) but whose reputation declines after death and never regains its former status
(D) who declines in reputation after death and who never regained popularity again
(E) then has declined in reputation after death and never regained popularity

here we have a clear example how the gmat now has a major stress on meaning, eliminating words that change the meaning of the sentence.

Focus on the word: reputation. this word is the key point because makes sense to us of what is before (the composers are popular during their life) and what happens after their death (decline of reputation)

1) wrong: lack of this key word

Now I use one of the strategy I love the most (kaplan): one you have eliminated A compare 2 sentence at time, in this scenario: B and C. This one is useful in particular now that gmat use sentences with no clear split among the choices, with an increase of difficulty.

2) whose reputation declines after death and never regains its status again

3) but whose reputation declines after death and never regains its former status

Notice the lack of conjunction in 2 BUT and status again VS former status. here the meaning tends to a former status because we have a previous status (fame), then a lower status (after death). Moreover, in 2 we have regains and after gains, redundant. Hold 3 for now

4) who declines in reputation after death and who never regained popularity again.

here the underlined portion starts with WHO and you suddenly must be think what : ehi we have already WHO before, in the non-underlined portion. As soon as you see somethings like this you can eliminate the answer. We do not care about implication, why could be wrong or right, up and down...........no way. WRONG no matter what

5) then has declined in reputation after death and never regained popularity.

Often, in gmat land, certain kind of answer are impossible, with a lack of sense, regardless.

C) is the answer

As you can see i always try to follow one of the most usefull instruction of Ron from MGMAT: be flexible. If you haven't a split, switch strategy as soon as, or viceversa......you know
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Joined: 19 Mar 2012
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Kudos [?]: 11834 [0], given: 1861

Re: Joachim Raff and Giacomo Meyerbeer are examples of the kind [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2012, 23:36
Concept tested: Redundancy, preposition, parallelism, modifiers.
Difficulty: 700
Illustration: Carefully examine the following sentence
My sister, who is a teenager, and whose street play was appreciated by all, won the local talent award yesterday.
This is a perfectly correct sentence as “who is a teenager” and “whose street play was appreciated by all” both modifier the subject “My sister”.

Now lets look at the options.
A is wrong because the composer does not go into decline after his or her death, but his or her reputation does.
B is incorrect because it uses redundant construction “regains its status again”.
D and E are wrong for the same reason we eliminated A i.e the composer himself does not go into decline after death.
C is correct (option C breaks the FANBOYS rule, which a lot of prep companies advocate to eliminate answer choices. Please see below for clarification.).

Tip:
A lot of prep companies adopt the rule of FANBOYS which says
Independent clause, independent clause is a run on sentence.
o to make it correct we use the construction:
Independent clause, FANBOYS independent clause; FANBOYS stands for “For, And, Not, But, Or, Yet, So”.
However, the converse is not necessarily true. Two clauses separated by comma and FANBOYS do not necessarily mean they need to be independent clauses.
E.g My brother loves to drive so fast that his co passengers often fear being headlined in the newspapers the following day, and hates to wear seat-belts.
The sentence without the punctuation would become haywire.
Also, the punctuation rules are not tested on the GMAT.

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Re: Joachim Raff and Giacomo Meyerbeer are examples of the kind [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2012, 22:21
daagh wrote:
The first split is going to be on redundancy. Regain and again do not go together. So, let’s remove A, B and D.
Second, between C and E, E distorts the meaning saying that the composer has declined, and never regained his popularity, especially after death. Can a dead person decline and regain? But the intended meaning is that the reputation declines and never regains its earlier status. Hence C.

Indeed very compact and solid analysis 'daagh'...Kudos...
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Re: Joachim Raff and Giacomo Meyerbeer are examples of the kind [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2012, 00:10
Thanks e-GMAT/Souvik for wonderful explanations.

But guys I've a bit confusion over option B and C :

@souvik,you mentioned that B is incorrect because it uses redundant construction “regains its status again”. Very true.
Apart from this error, I think another discrepancy in this option B is when we try to fit this option with the rest of the sentence,it doesn't get to fine as 'whose' doesn't get the subject it refers to.Had the original sentence used ',' (comma) after 'the kind of composer' (i.e. the kind of composer,who receives popular acclaim while living,whose...) then the first part of the whole sentence would have been proper.This same goes for 'C' also I guess.
Moreover the B uses 'regain'-'again'...It's redundant. But,I think the another redundancy goes with C also... i.e. 'regains its former status'. One will regain ONLY something that one was already associated with some time in the past.. hence, something which is 'former'.' So don't you think use of 'former' is NOT required with 'regain' hence redundant.

e-GMAT/Souvik ,if you can come with the resolution.
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Re: Joachim Raff and Giacomo Meyerbeer are examples of the kind [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2012, 15:49
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Hi debayan,

You ask very valid questions. Let me give answer to both your questions here.

Choice B: whose reputation declines after death and never regains its status again.

There is no problem with the reference of “whose” here. Just like “who”, “whose” also refers to “the kind of composer”. Look at this simple sentence:

The man with white hat is my uncle who has three yachts, and whose brewery is famous nationwide.

In the very same, in the official choice B, “whose” clearly refers to “the kind of composer” without any ambiguity. Now “who” is a relative pronoun that may be preceded by a comma or may not be preceded by one. Presence of comma does not affect its modification or of any other parallel entity in the list.

However, there is something else happening in Choice B. Notice that the subject “reputation” has two verbs “declines” and “regains”. These two verbs are correctly joined by “and”. This construction makes entire choice be the second entity in the parallel list, the first being “who often receives…”. Now since there are just two entities in the list per choice B, there should be a marker between the two entities, i. e. before “whose”. But there is no marker. This is another error.

Now let’s take a look at the use “former” in choice C: but whose reputation declines after death and never regains its former status

Use of former suggests that after death, certain kind of composer does not enjoy that level of popularity that he/she enjoyed while alive. It’s not that he/she loses all the popularity. He/ she retains some popularity but not that popularity that he/she enjoyed when he/she was alive.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Joachim Raff and Giacomo Meyerbeer are examples of the kind [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2012, 10:42
Thanks for this great analysis again...

It's clear to me now..and I must say that it was a really critical one. It would be great if you can post some of these for the club..

On the basis of the last paragraph of your reply above, can I consider that there is no hard and fast rule that 'regain' will never go with 'former' unlike 'regain'-'again'...?And the use of 'regain'-'former' is broadly based on the context..!

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Re: Joachim Raff and Giacomo Meyerbeer are examples of the kind [#permalink]

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Re: Joachim Raff and Giacomo Meyerbeer are examples of the kind [#permalink]

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