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John Wyndham Lewis, the famous sociologist, postulated that [#permalink]
14 Jan 2004, 12:41
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John Wyndham Lewis, the famous sociologist, postulated that if murder is a worse crime than blackmail and blackmail is is a worse crime than theft, how much more so is murder a worse crime than theft.
Which is a correct analysis of the above argument?
A) A case operating in one situation will also be operative in another situation, if both situations are characterized in identical terms
B) A case that operates under certain conditions will surely be operative in other situations in which the same conditions are present in a more acute form
C) A case that clearly expresses the purpose it was meant to serve will also apply in other situations in which the identical purpose may be served
D) A case that begins with a generalization as to intended application, then continues until the specification of particular cases, and then concludes with a restatement of the generalizationm, ca be applied only to the particular cases specified.
E) None of the above. _________________
Official answer: B
The statement by Lewis in the extract simply states that if X is greater than Y and Y is greater than Z, then X is greater than Z, i.e. the condition of being greater is more acute. Choice B, which states this condition, is the appropriate answer. Choice A does not describe the argument in the extract; there is a similarity in the terms used, but the extract does not say that murder is as bad as blackmail and the latter is bad as theft, therefore murder is as bad as theft. Therefore A is inappropriate. Choice C is inapplicable, as the extract does not state a purpose that can be applied to other situations. Similarly, D is not appropriate as there is no generalization, followed by specific cases. Since there is one appropriate answer, E is not correct _________________