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Journalist: In late 1994, the present government of the

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Journalist: In late 1994, the present government of the [#permalink] New post 13 May 2010, 00:00
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A
B
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Journalist: In late 1994, the present government of the Republic of Bellam came into power. Each year since then, about thirty journalists have been imprisoned for printing articles that criticize the government. In 1994, under the old government, only six journalists were imprisoned for criticizing the government. So the old government was more tolerant of criticism by the press than the new one is.

Politician: But in 1994 only six journalists criticized the government, and now journalists routinely do.

The politician challenges the journalist’s argument by doing which of the following?
(A) Presenting data that extend further into the past than the journalist’s data
(B) Introducing evidence that undermines an assumption of the journalist’s argument
(C) Questioning the accuracy of the evidence presented in support of the journalist’s conclusion
(D) Pointing out that the argument illegitimately draws a general conclusion on the basis of a sample of only a few cases
(E) Stating that the argument treats information about some members of a group as if it applied to all members of that group
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by mau5 on 16 Nov 2013, 06:00, edited 1 time in total.
Added the OA
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Re: Journalist and Politician [#permalink] New post 13 May 2010, 00:20
ykaiim wrote:
Journalist: In late 1994, the present government of the Republic of Bellam came into power. Each year since then, about thirty journalists have been imprisoned for printing articles that criticize the government. In 1994, under the old government, only six journalists were imprisoned for criticizing the government. So the old government was more tolerant of criticism by the press than the new one is.

Politician: But in 1994 only six journalists criticized the government, and now journalists routinely do.

The politician challenges the journalist’s argument by doing which of the following?
(A) Presenting data that extend further into the past than the journalist’s data
(B) Introducing evidence that undermines an assumption of the journalist’s argument
(C) Questioning the accuracy of the evidence presented in support of the journalist’s conclusion
(D) Pointing out that the argument illegitimately draws a general conclusion on the basis of a sample of only a few cases
(E) Stating that the argument treats information about some members of a group as if it applied to all members of that group


Answer is D.
time - 1:52
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Re: Journalist and Politician [#permalink] New post 13 May 2010, 00:30
Reasons are:
draws a general conclusion - which is "So the old government was more tolerant of criticism by the press than the new one is." This may be a case that old goverment had prisoned even more than 30 journalist before 1994, but at the end of term of old party ( beginning of the 1994) most of them had been already afraid of the strict goverment regulations that has stop to criticize it and only 6 of them were imprisoned.
So, the old Gov may not be more tolerant of the criticism than the new one. Thus, the journalist's conclusion is general.

on the basis of a sample of only a few cases - the new goverment came recently [ so many cases could not occur since then] even if those cases count for 30 journalists.
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Last edited by PTK on 13 May 2010, 00:43, edited 4 times in total.
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Re: Journalist and Politician [#permalink] New post 13 May 2010, 00:31
ykaiim wrote:
Journalist: In late 1994, the present government of the Republic of Bellam came into power. Each year since then, about thirty journalists have been imprisoned for printing articles that criticize the government. In 1994, under the old government, only six journalists were imprisoned for criticizing the government. So the old government was more tolerant of criticism by the press than the new one is.

Politician: But in 1994 only six journalists criticized the government, and now journalists routinely do.

The politician challenges the journalist’s argument by doing which of the following?
(A) Presenting data that extend further into the past than the journalist’s data
(B) Introducing evidence that undermines an assumption of the journalist’s argument
(C) Questioning the accuracy of the evidence presented in support of the journalist’s conclusion
(D) Pointing out that the argument illegitimately draws a general conclusion on the basis of a sample of only a few cases
(E) Stating that the argument treats information about some members of a group as if it applied to all members of that group



For Me the contenders are B and C.

E) The given stem is not an example of generalization.
A) Out of scope
D) The given stem is not an example of generalization.

Now B and C

C) Journalist's data "In 1994, under the old government, only six journalists were imprisoned for criticizing the government" are correct.

B) is OK. Journalist assumes that number of arrest is directly proportional to the intolerance of the government.
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Re: Journalist and Politician [#permalink] New post 13 May 2010, 03:48
the politician provides new evidence, so it is B
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Re: Journalist and Politician [#permalink] New post 13 May 2010, 11:33
i would pick (B).

Introducing evidence that undermines an assumption of the journalist’s argument

The politican says only six journalists criticized the government and now journalists routinely do....which means he introduces new evidence (only six journalists criticized and all were imprisoned) which sabotages journalist's argument that old government was more tolerant than the new one.
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Re: Journalist and Politician [#permalink] New post 15 May 2010, 04:02
B is the ans. as the assumption of the journalist depends upon the imprisonment of 30 journalist , that the govt is intolerant, but the politician presented an evidence that undermined this assumption.
C - out of scope as the politician the does not doubt the accuracy of the imprisonment of 30 journalist
D- wrong as the politician did not imply that journalist is taking very few cases.
A,E -out of scope
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Re: Journalist: In late 1994, the present government of the [#permalink] New post 18 Nov 2013, 05:29
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Re: Journalist: In late 1994, the present government of the   [#permalink] 18 Nov 2013, 05:29
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