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Journalist : In late 1994, the present government of the

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Journalist : In late 1994, the present government of the [#permalink] New post 25 Jul 2010, 18:59
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67% (02:13) correct 33% (01:27) wrong based on 213 sessions
Journalist: In late 1994, the present government of the Republic of Bellam came into power. Each year since then, about thirty journalists have been imprisoned for printing articles that criticize the government. In 1994, under the old government, only six journalists were imprisoned for criticizing the government. So the old government was more tolerant of criticism by the press than the new one is.

Politician: But in 1994 only six journalists criticized the government, and now journalists routinely do.


The politician challenges the journalist’s argument by doing which of the following?
(A) Presenting data that extend further into the past than the journalist’s data
(B) Introducing evidence that undermines an assumption of the journalist’s argument
(C) Questioning the accuracy of the evidence presented in support of the journalist’s conclusion
(D) Pointing out that the argument illegitimately draws a general conclusion on the basis of a sample of only a few cases
(E) Stating that the argument treats information about some members of a group as if it applied to all members of that group


I don't understand Politician's remark . Is that a challenge ? he just said "...and now journalists routinely do."

I don't get whether its challenge ....how come it be a challenge ? it looks to me he is supporting the journalist's remark that "....Each year since then" routine task.

I'm confused here. please help at this part.
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Re: present government of the Republic of Bellam [#permalink] New post 25 Jul 2010, 19:55
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both B and C are close. will rule out C coz the politician is not questioning the accuracy of the evidence presented by the journalist. The politician agrees that since 1994 thirty journalists under the new govt and in 1994 six journalists under the old govt were imprisoned, howevr he undermines journalist’s assumption by introducing evidence that now journalists routinely criticize govt.
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Re: present government of the Republic of Bellam [#permalink] New post 25 Jul 2010, 20:20
tryingharder wrote:
by introducing evidence that now journalists routinely criticize govt.


but this is not a fake thing journalist arguing ...its truly 30 journalists imprisoned each year since 1994. he is not falsifying the things . so, the word "routinely criticize" is a bad word by politician as the the data given by journalists is true.
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Re: present government of the Republic of Bellam [#permalink] New post 25 Jul 2010, 20:28
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I would classify this problem as numbers and percentages.
6 people < 30 people. So, old govt was better is the argument.
But what were the percentages?
Because if it was 6/12 = 50% but 6/18 = 33%
Likewise 30/60 = 50% and 30/90 = 33%

So, the politician introduces an evidence in the form of total outcomes as an rebuttal.
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Re: present government of the Republic of Bellam [#permalink] New post 25 Jul 2010, 23:00
No. its not about percentages.

see the remark of the politician the word "..routinely criticize.."

again read the politician's comment

Politician: But in 1994 only six journalists criticized the government, and now journalists routinely do.

what are possible implication of "routinely" ?
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Re: present government of the Republic of Bellam [#permalink] New post 25 Jul 2010, 23:51
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Well, in 1994, the percentage is 6/6 = 100%. The Old Gov "kills" 100% those who dare defy.

After 1994, about 30 die every year, but "rountinely do" mean that a lot of jounarlists do nowday (a lot, like 100s), so the percentage is < 100%.

Thus actually, the new Gov is more tolerant than the old one.

This is what B implies.

B rules
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Re: present government of the Republic of Bellam [#permalink] New post 27 Jul 2010, 21:22
I picked up B .......my first correct option ........

Above explanations are satisfactory ......
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Re: present government of the Republic of Bellam [#permalink] New post 05 Aug 2010, 18:56
B, in the lines of tryingharder...
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Re: present government of the Republic of Bellam [#permalink] New post 06 Aug 2010, 06:01
Had to be betwee B and C ...went for B by POE!!
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Re: present government of the Republic of Bellam [#permalink] New post 06 Aug 2010, 06:18
B for reasons already explained.
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Re: present government of the Republic of Bellam [#permalink] New post 06 Aug 2010, 08:54
B for sure
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Re: present government of the Republic of Bellam [#permalink] New post 11 Sep 2010, 07:32
Easy B
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Re: present government of the Republic of Bellam [#permalink] New post 11 Sep 2010, 15:13
Politician's argument was
But in 1994 only six journalists criticized the government, and now journalists routinely do.

So here the politician is providing evidence on top of the data provided by the journalist. he is highlighting the % of journalists doing criticism is higher in 1994 that that of after 1994. Thus he challenges the conclusion of the journalist by proving the new government is more tolerant of criticism that the older one.
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Re: present government of the Republic of Bellam [#permalink] New post 13 Oct 2010, 21:23
Bt in b .."....So the old government was more tolerant of criticism by the press than the new one is" --- i think this is conclusion not assumption.
Plz suggest.
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Re: present government of the Republic of Bellam [#permalink] New post 13 Oct 2010, 21:23
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Bt in b .."....So the old government was more tolerant of criticism by the press than the new one is" --- i think this is conclusion not assumption.
Plz suggest.
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Re: present government of the Republic of Bellam [#permalink] New post 13 Oct 2010, 21:24
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Bt in b .."....So the old government was more tolerant of criticism by the press than the new one is" --- i think this is conclusion not assumption.
Plz suggest.
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Re: present government of the Republic of Bellam [#permalink] New post 14 Oct 2010, 01:03
(A) Presenting data that extend further into the past than the journalist’s data... DATA DO NOT EXTEND FURTHER...DO THEY?
(B) Introducing evidence that undermines an assumption of the journalist’s argument
(C) Questioning the accuracy of the evidence presented in support of the journalist’s conclusion. NO SIGN OF INACCURACY (SAME DATA)
(D) Pointing out that the argument illegitimately draws a general conclusion on the basis of a sample of only a few cases ( SAMPLE IS STILL THE SAME )
(E) Stating that the argument treats information about some members of a group as if it applied to all members of that group (IT'S NOT THE CASE CLEARLY)
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Re: present government of the Republic of Bellam [#permalink] New post 14 Oct 2010, 02:15
pendulam @ B and C... I want to vote B... Ans plzzz
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Re: present government of the Republic of Bellam [#permalink] New post 24 Dec 2010, 15:04
B....the Politician is responding to the Journalists assumption.
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Re: present government of the Republic of Bellam [#permalink] New post 24 Dec 2010, 15:31
vitamingmat wrote:
pendulam @ B and C... I want to vote B... Ans plzzz



I vote for B. The journalist is purely comparing the number of people who were arrested by the new and previous govt's. His assumption is that higher the # of arrests stricter the govt. He is not looking at the total number of criticizers. The politician is pointing to just that.
Re: present government of the Republic of Bellam   [#permalink] 24 Dec 2010, 15:31
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