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Kernland imposes a high tariff on the export of unprocessed [#permalink]
27 Aug 2006, 04:07
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Kernland imposes a high tariff on the export of unprocessed cashew nuts in order to ensure that the nuts are sold to domestic processing plants. If the tariff were lifted and unprocessed cashews were sold at world market prices, more farmers could profit by growing cashews. However, since all the processing plants are in urban areas, removing the tariff would seriously hamper the government's effort to reduce urban unemployment over the next five years.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument ?
A. Some of the by-products of processing cashews are used for manufacturing paints and plastics.
B. other countries in which cashews are processed subsidize their processing plants.
C. More people in Kernland are engaged in farming cashews than in processing them.
D. Buying unprocessed cashews at lower than world market prices enables cashew processors in Kernland to sell processed nuts at competitive prices.
E. A lack of profitable crops is driving an increasing number of small famers in Kernland off their land and into the cities.
I`d say (A). The domestically unemployed could switch to paint manufaturing instead.
But, if cashews are exported unprocessed, then the byproducts wouldn't be available either.
If the majority of the population is involved in farming cashews, then the increase in unemployment due to closure of processing plants may be offset by increased opportunities in farming. So, C for me.
I selected E because then their problem of those that process the cashews would become a larger problem thus defeating the purpose of the tariff... it would increase the amount of unemployment