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Kirkland's theory of corporate structure can be represented

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Kirkland's theory of corporate structure can be represented [#permalink] New post 10 Sep 2012, 21:23
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Kirkland's theory of corporate structure can be represented by a truncated pyramid. There are workers, middle management, and executive management, but no head of the corporation. Instead, all major decisions are made by comittee. As a consequence, in Kirkland's structure, risky, cutting- edge technologies cannot be developed.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

a. Cutting-edge technologies are typically developed by entrepreneurs, not by big corporations.
b. Only single individuals will make risky decisions.
c. An individual is more likely to take a gamble on his own than in a group.
d. All heads of corporations reached their positions by taking risks.
e. All cutting edge technologies involve some risk.
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Re: Kirkland's theory of corporate structure can be represented [#permalink] New post 10 Sep 2012, 21:53
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B should be the answer.

A and C are concerned with likelihood but conclusion is absolute (cannot be developped)

D,E are easy to eliminate
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Re: Kirkland's theory of corporate structure can be represented [#permalink] New post 10 Sep 2012, 22:00
+1 B

If risky decisions can be taken by groups, we cannot make the current conclusion of the argument.
Use the negation technique.
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Re: Kirkland's theory of corporate structure can be represented [#permalink] New post 13 Jan 2013, 07:24
Conclusion: in Kirkland's structure, risky, cutting- edge technologies cannot be developed.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

a. Cutting-edge technologies are typically developed by entrepreneurs, not by big corporations.
OOS
b. Only single individuals will make risky decisions.
Negate: Single IND will not make risky decisions.If that would be the case then he/she may need other people around,conclusion falls
c. An individual is more likely to take a gamble on his own than in a group.
Negate: An IND. is less likely to take a gamble on his own than in a grp.Conclusion falls apart.
Why this isn't a answer .
d. All heads of corporations reached their positions by taking risks.
OOS
e. All cutting edge technologies involve some risk.
OOS
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Re: Kirkland's theory of corporate structure can be represented   [#permalink] 13 Jan 2013, 07:24
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