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Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for

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Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for [#permalink] New post 10 Oct 2012, 01:07
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

58% (02:12) correct 41% (01:17) wrong based on 43 sessions
Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for new and lucrative opportunities are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars for medical malpractice claims, divorcing battles and class actions against corporations

A. are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars for medical malpractice claims, divorcing battles and class actions against corporations
B. will bankroll other people‘s lawsuits, pump hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations
C. are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations
D. to bankroll other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, for divorce battles and class actions against corporations
E. are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, for pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, for divorce battles and class actions against corporations
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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First Attempt 710 - first-attempt-141273.html


Last edited by getgyan on 10 Oct 2012, 01:49, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors [#permalink] New post 10 Oct 2012, 01:21
Expert's post
getgyan wrote:
Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for new and lucrative opportunities are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars for medical malpractice claims, divorcing battles and class actions against corporations

A. are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars for medical malpractice claims, divorcing battles and class actions against corporations
B. will bankroll other people‘s lawsuits, pump hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations
C. are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations
D. to bankroll other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, for divorce battles and class actions against corporations
E. are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, for pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, for divorce battles and class actions against corporations


IMO C.
Let me know!!
I am guessing money is being pumped into (pumping for is weird) 3 things
malpracitce claims, divorce battles and class actions.
"and" also signifies items in a list construction.
Keep posted!
Souvik
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors [#permalink] New post 10 Oct 2012, 01:48
souvik101990 wrote:
IMO C.
Let me know!!
I am guessing money is being pumped into (pumping for is weird) 3 things
malpracitce claims, divorce battles and class actions.
"and" also signifies items in a list construction.
Keep posted!
Souvik


You are spot on Souvik, as always. OA is C
I need help to break it down further. Does "pumping" plays the role of a verb+ing modifier here? What is wrong with B?
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors [#permalink] New post 10 Oct 2012, 02:00
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Expert's post
1. Yes in the OA, pumping plays the role of an ING modifier!
The key point to note here is that ING modifiers, when used after a comma, MUST have a close/causal relationship with the preceding clause.
Here this sentence means that large evil corporations are bankrolling other people's lawsuits by pumping blah blah into blah blah!!

2. If B were a sentence with good parallelism it would say:
Large evil corporations:
will bankroll blah blah
will pump blah blah
will divorce blah blah
and will class actions!
The last one is ridiculous. Also the whole formation changes the meaning if you see the broader picture!
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors [#permalink] New post 10 Oct 2012, 02:12
souvik101990 wrote:
2. If B were a sentence with good parallelism it would say:
Large evil corporations:
will bankroll blah blah
will pump blah blah
will divorce blah blah
and will class actions!
The last one is ridiculous. Also the whole formation changes the meaning if you see the broader picture!


Thanks Souvik. I got the point and agree that C is the best answer here.
Just one more doubt related to what you have posted
The list is
medical malpractice claims
divorce battles and
class actions against corporations
Why do we need to make these phrases parallel to the verbs “will bankroll” and “(will) pump”
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors [#permalink] New post 10 Oct 2012, 02:21
Expert's post
how are we making them parallel to "will"
will does not appear in the OA
I was just explaining to you a hypothetical situation
I will go and eat ice cream.
Perfectly parallel!
I will go and I will eat ice crea.
This is parallel too! We dont need to repeat "will"! Is this what you asked?
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors [#permalink] New post 10 Oct 2012, 02:58
souvik101990 wrote:
how are we making them parallel to "will"
will does not appear in the OA
I was just explaining to you a hypothetical situation
I will go and eat ice cream.
Perfectly parallel!
I will go and I will eat ice crea.
This is parallel too! We dont need to repeat "will"! Is this what you asked?


No I did not want to ask this. I agree to what you just posted above. In the original question, there asre two lists which we have to make parallel.
First (verbs)
bankrolling and pumping
Second (Phrases)
medical malpractice claims
divorce battles and
class actions against corporations
What I am asking is can we make the verbs parallel to phrases as you did in your post?
Please correct me if I am wrong.

souvik101990 wrote:
2. If B were a sentence with good parallelism it would say:
Large evil corporations:
will bankroll blah blah
will pump blah blah
will divorce blah blah
and will class actions!
The last one is ridiculous. Also the whole formation changes the meaning if you see the broader picture!

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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors [#permalink] New post 10 Oct 2012, 03:05
Expert's post
First, pumping is not used as a verb. its a ING modifier.
Second, the phrases as you mentioned need to be parallel with themselves (noun+nouns/gerunds)
Lastly,
Quote:
Large evil corporations:
will bankroll blah blah
will pump blah blah
will divorce blah blah
and will class actions!
The last one is ridiculous. Also the whole formation changes the meaning if you see the broader picture!


I posted this to explain why this answer choice is awful/not parallel.
I thinkI have used confusing words!!

Souvik
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors [#permalink] New post 10 Oct 2012, 03:22
souvik101990 wrote:
First, pumping is not used as a verb. its a ING modifier.

Yes, i.e. why I asked you about the "pumping" being a modifier in the first place.
souvik101990 wrote:
Second, the phrases as you mentioned need to be parallel with themselves (noun+nouns/gerunds)
Lastly,
Quote:
Large evil corporations:
will bankroll blah blah
will pump blah blah
will divorce blah blah
and will class actions!
The last one is ridiculous. Also the whole formation changes the meaning if you see the broader picture!


I posted this to explain why this answer choice is awful/not parallel.
I thinkI have used confusing words!!

Souvik

Now if we look at option B
B. will bankroll other people‘s lawsuits, pump hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations
pump is a verb...right?
bankroll and pump are parallel verbs. The second list, as you also stated, are parallel among themselves.

What is wrong with this option? This is my question.
Sorry to bug you so long.
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors [#permalink] New post 10 Oct 2012, 04:53
Expert's post
getgyan wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
First, pumping is not used as a verb. its a ING modifier.

Yes, i.e. why I asked you about the "pumping" being a modifier in the first place.
souvik101990 wrote:
Second, the phrases as you mentioned need to be parallel with themselves (noun+nouns/gerunds)
Lastly,
Quote:
Large evil corporations:
will bankroll blah blah
will pump blah blah
will divorce blah blah
and will class actions!
The last one is ridiculous. Also the whole formation changes the meaning if you see the broader picture!


I posted this to explain why this answer choice is awful/not parallel.
I thinkI have used confusing words!!

Souvik

Now if we look at option B
B. will bankroll other people‘s lawsuits, pump hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations
pump is a verb...right?
bankroll and pump are parallel verbs. The second list, as you also stated, are parallel among themselves.

What is wrong with this option? This is my question.
Sorry to bug you so long.


Hey!
Look at this sentence
I will score straight A's, studying day in and out in every subjects and performing extracurricular activities.

This means I will score awesome BECAUSE I will study a lot.

The ING modifier establishes such a relation.

I will score straight A's, study day in and out in every subjects and and perform extra curricular activities.

This sentence is parallel but distorted in meaning. It means the scoring and studying are independent which is definitely not what I want to convey!

This is the MAJOR problem with B and is often tested on the GMAT.

However, there is one other problem
Look at B. It says:
Large evil corporations will bankroll other people‘s lawsuits, pump hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations

So the core it
Corps will BANKROLL and PUMP.
this pumping action is into medical claims, divorce blah blah.
Then as i mentioned in bold red that it needs a "AND" to connect the two options.
Simpler analogy.
I work, play :- AWFUL sentence.
I work and play :- GOOD enough!!

Is this clear now?
I was driving so couldn't answer!
Let me know!
Souvik
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors [#permalink] New post 10 Oct 2012, 08:53
I just only analyze choice C as my correct one:

C. are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations

The boldface part modifies the clause part before it as the adjective clause pumping something into A (medical malpractice claims), B ( divorce battles), and C (class actions against corporations)

A. are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars for medical malpractice claims, divorcing battles and class actions against corporations => NOT PARALLEL
B. will bankroll other people‘s lawsuits, pump hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations=> NOT PARALLEL
D. to bankroll other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, for divorce battles and class actions against corporations
E. are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, for pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, for divorce battles and (lacking for) class actions against corporations
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors [#permalink] New post 10 Oct 2012, 20:07
souvik101990 wrote:
So the core it
Corps will BANKROLL and PUMP.
this pumping action is into medical claims, divorce blah blah.
Then as i mentioned in bold red that it needs a "AND" to connect the two options.
Simpler analogy.
I work, play :- AWFUL sentence.
I work and play :- GOOD enough!!

Is this clear now?
Let me know!
Souvik


Hi Souvik, Thanks a lot

It is clear now and I think the only thing wrong with option B is the missing conjunction "and". :)
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors   [#permalink] 10 Oct 2012, 20:07
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