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Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2010, 18:55
Many good comments above, but I don't think anyone pointed out that laws

"to require"

would be laws that are not yet implemented. So you can not be in compliance with laws that are not laws.

this eliminates D & E

Quote:
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2010, 05:27
But the idiom is either:
i) laws requiring X to Y
or
ii) laws requiring that X Y

I dont see how B matches this idiom
Could anybody clarify?
thanks.
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2010, 13:26
Last week local shrimpers held a conference..........saying that their compliance..............is protecting sea turtles.

that leaves B and E.

(E) "compliance with laws to require...........is protecting" --> is awkward

(B) "compliance with laws requiring...........is protecting" --> correct

B it is.
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2011, 06:03
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to
take some credit for the resurgence of the rare
Kemp’s ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with
laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on
shrimp nets protect
adult sea turtles.

(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on
shrimp nets protect
(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets
is protecting
(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp
nets protect
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets
are protecting
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets
is protecting

Can someone explain this sc better
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2011, 14:06
ajit257 wrote:
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to
take some credit for the resurgence of the rare
Kemp’s ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with
laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on
shrimp nets protect
adult sea turtles.

(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on
shrimp nets protect
(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets
is protecting
(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp
nets protect
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets
are protecting
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets
is protecting

Can someone explain this sc better


D and E are wrong because to is being used to convey purpose instead of being used to describe laws. So they're out.

Although, that require is used appropriately in C the idea that the shrimps are protected and continue tobe protected is not expressed in that answer choice. So C is out.

In A, requiring is properly used but what is expressed in that sentence is that the turtles are generally protected not that the turtle excluder is an effective device.

In B, requiring is appropriately used and the construction "devices on shrimp nets is protecting" clearly conveys that the device has been protecting and continues to protect the adult sea turtles. B is correct. IMO
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2011, 15:10
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit or the resurgence o the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.
(a)
(b) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
(c) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
(d) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
(e) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2011, 08:21
Hello, this is my first attempt to participate in the disucssions of GMAT Club

As for the answers:

As far as I remember, in case one speaks about legal matters (like "laws" or "bills") and we need to specify further their contents, one should use --ing form for this explanation. Therefore, I immediately eliminated variants E,D, and C. In variant B: wrong subject-verb agreement (comliance protect). Thus, A (with correct S-V agreement) is correct
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2011, 12:40
IMO B.

their Compliance {with laws ....} is protecting .... The noun, compliance, is singular.

Also requiring is correctly used here.
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2011, 21:34
compliance with + verb-ing is the correct usage.
B does the same.
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2011, 17:10
I ruled out A,C,D due to subject verb disagreement between compliance and protect.
Rule out E because of subjunctive tense requiring X be form.

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2011, 10:11
Yippie! B!

A. Subjunctive error using that; missing helping verb
B. Correctly conveys the author's intent
C. Missing verb; and simple present tense error
D. E. verb "to" does not blend with the compliance
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2011, 22:53
MSC mentions that the verb "require" is a bossy verb that can use both subjunctives or infinitives. I guess the best answers should be

"Requiring that turtle-excluder be on shrimp nets protects" -> using subjunctives

or

"Requiring turtle-excluder to be on shrimp nets is protecting"-> Using infinitives
i see none of the two in the options.


A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimps nets protect (wrong as the verb should comply with the singular subject "compliance", hence should be protects)
B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting (there is no infinitive , still considered the right answer)
C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect(SUb-verb agreement again)
D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting(subject verb)
E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting( to require is awkward and unidiomatic)



please correct me
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2011, 03:52
its B for me
their compliance ..........is protecting the turtles.
protect (plural) does not fit
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2011, 05:47
nevergiveup wrote:
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

Please explain your answers. Thanks.


Since compliance is Singular -> A, C, D are out
In E, "to require" is incorrect.

B should be the OA.
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New post 30 Sep 2011, 08:41
bigoyal wrote:
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting


compliance is singular, so we singular subject
A - Incorrect - protect is plural
B - Correct
C - Incorrect - protect is plural
D - Incorrect - "are protecting" is plural
E - Incorrect - "to require" in not correct usage here. (we do not want the intent of laws)
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2011, 02:55
nevergiveup wrote:
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

Please explain your answers. Thanks.


IMO B. Using a gerund suggests that you are referring to real activities or experiences. Requiring and Protecting are both correctly used in B.
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2012, 01:24
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting


Answer is B, since compliance is singular thus need protects not protect, the only option is either B or E. "laws to require" implies no laws yet will be in the future, which is wrong.
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2012, 01:57
Baten80 wrote:
Still I do not understand the explanation.


noboru wrote:
noboru wrote:
But the idiom is either:
i) laws requiring X to Y
or
ii) laws requiring that X Y

I dont see how B matches this idiom
Could anybody clarify?
thanks.


nobody is going to clarify this?




Singular subject "compliance" and hence singular verb "is"...
So A, D, C out..

Down to B and E

Here the authot is discussing the content of the laws. While discussing the content of the laws, "laws to require" is unidiomatic. "Laws requring" is correct.
For eg: Laws to discorage people from poaching.................................. [correct as that is the laws intention]
Laws to specify the guidelines to prevent poaching..................[wrong as the law's intention was not to specify but to protect, here "specifying would be correct]

Hope this helped!
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2012, 11:08
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2012, 00:46
Concept tested: SV agreement, Meaning.
Difficulty level: High
Illustration:
This question tests a very important aspect of meaning. First, we know
that the main verb in the underlined portion “protect” is wrong as the main
subject “compliance is singular. (Note that protect is not being used as a command
subjunctive in A. “be” is used as the command subjunctive).

According to this logic, A and C are wrong.
Now among B, D and E, “to require” indicates purpose of the law which is not the intended meaning
(please refer to the tip below). So, D and E are incorrect.
B is the correct answer.

Tip: “Laws to require” indicates purpose of the law, but “laws requiring indicates
contents of the law. While this might sound very obvious to natives, but non natives
might have to struggle to get this clearly. Consider the following examples.
1.Arms act is passed to discourage random public shootings. Correct
2.Arms act is passed to levy heavy fines on people who carry unlicensed
firearm. Wrong.

2 is wrong because the arms act is not issued to levy fines. It is issued to prevent
something by levying fines. So the correct option is B.

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take   [#permalink] 10 Oct 2012, 00:46

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