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Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take

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Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink] New post 24 Feb 2009, 19:08
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Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

Please explain your answers. Thanks.
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Re: SC GMATPrep 1 Shrimp [#permalink] New post 25 Feb 2009, 06:50
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Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

Please explain your answers. Thanks.



try to find the main subject and verb here..

Main subject : compliance

complicance... protect adult sea turtles
Sub- Verb Problem

A,C -- > are out.

complicance...are protecting adult sea turtles
D -->out

between B and E

"laws to require" is not idiomatic

B is better.
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference [#permalink] New post 25 Sep 2012, 10:27
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Concept tested: SV agreement, Meaning.
Difficulty level: High
Illustration:
This question tests a very important aspect of meaning. First, we know
that the main verb in the underlined portion “protect” is wrong as the main
subject “compliance is singular. (Note that protect is not being used as a command
subjunctive in A. “be” is used as the command subjunctive).

According to this logic, A and C are wrong.
Now among B, D and E, “to require” indicates purpose of the law which is not the intended meaning
(please refer to the tip below). So, D and E are incorrect.
B is the correct answer.

Tip: “Laws to require” indicates purpose of the law, but “laws requiring indicates
contents of the law. While this might sound very obvious to natives, but non natives
might have to struggle to get this clearly. Consider the following examples.
1.Arms act is passed to discourage random public shootings. Correct
2.Arms act is passed to levy heavy fines on people who carry unlicensed
firearm. Wrong.

2 is wrong because the arms act is not issued to levy fines. It is issued to prevent
something by levying fines. So the correct option is B.

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Re: turtle-excluder devices [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2010, 07:32
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Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect - 'protect' is wrong. 'compliance' protects or is protecting
(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting - saying, requiring, protecting
(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect - 'protect' is wrong. 'compliance' protects or is protecting
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting - 'compliance' is singular. Hence we need 'is protecting'...'are' is incorrect. 'to require' is incorrect here.
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting - 'to require' is incorrect here.
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference [#permalink] New post 25 Sep 2012, 10:15
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souvik101990 wrote:
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect sentence fragment
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting


The best way to solve is look for subject-verb agreement. complaince should have singular verb thus we have only b and e left. E makes no sense as the use of infinitive is wrong. Thus B must be the answer
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Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink] New post 11 Oct 2012, 08:23
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Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink] New post 04 May 2013, 03:12
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IMO, this is an ‘open and shut’ case involving S-V matching . Limiting just to the underline part, we may see that the subject of the subordinate clause introduced by ‘ that ‘ is compliance, a simple singular noun and therefore its verb should be matching with yet again a singular . You have the singular specification only in B and E; In E, ‘laws to require’ is unidiomatic while ‘laws requiring’ is the custom usage. So E. any hitch?
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Re: SC GMATPrep 1 Shrimp [#permalink] New post 11 May 2009, 09:05
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nitya34 wrote:
agreed with B

now I have one hypothetical Q

if there is protect(s) instead of protect in option C

which one to choose from? B or C?

B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect


NOTE: This Q is now @ OG 12#133


Still B.

In C : that --> modifies laws.

its like you are introducing suborinate clause:
laws <that> require "turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets" protect

here for verb --> "protect" subject looks like "devices" --> which is gramaticall correct, but logicall incorrect.

If you change the "protect" to protects" is also not going to help in the sentence C.
Now both itis gramatically and Logically incorrect.
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Re: turtle-excluder devices [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2009, 02:24
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bigoyal wrote:
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance (singular)with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting


Note: 'protect' needs the verb form for the subject 'compliance', so should be protects.

A, C, D are gone
D and E are gone for the "to require", which is incorrect.

Only B left

I think that is correct in A, only verb form of protect is incorrect.
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Last edited by sudeep on 17 Jul 2009, 06:03, edited 1 time in total.
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Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink] New post 28 Apr 2010, 15:12
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Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp’s ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
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Re: OG 12 SC Q133 [#permalink] New post 29 Apr 2010, 11:58
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I also picked (C)...:(

the question that I have is whether it is "compliance with laws that is protecting sea turtles" or it is "laws protecting sea turtles"

Because if it is compliance with laws that is protecting sea turtles than the OA has to be (B).

Last week local shrimpers held......., saying that.....requiring......protecting - parallel

Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp’s ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

I would like to get some expert opinion on this.
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Re: Last week local shrimpers...tough one [#permalink] New post 20 Jan 2011, 08:27
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B. 'compliance' needs singular verb; 'laws to require' is unidiomatic
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Re: Last week local shrimpers...tough one [#permalink] New post 21 Mar 2011, 19:37
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ajit257 wrote:
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to
take some credit for the resurgence of the rare
Kemp’s ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with
laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on
shrimp nets protect
adult sea turtles.

(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on
shrimp nets protect
(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets
is protecting
(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp
nets protect
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets
are protecting
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets
is protecting

Can someone explain this sc better


"Laws to requiere" is unidiomatic, eliminate (D) and (E)

The noun phrase "their compliace" is the acting subject of the verb "to protect", therefore there must be a subject-verb agreement between them.

(A) Their compliance... protect // Their compliance is singular, protect is in the plural form, eliminate (A)
(B) Their compliance... is protecting // Both subject and verb are in singular form, (B) is the correct choice
(C) Their compliance... protect // Their compliance is singular, protect is in the plural form, eliminate (C)
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Re: SC GMATPrep 1 Shrimp [#permalink] New post 23 Oct 2011, 23:35
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x2suresh wrote:
eileen1017 wrote:
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

Please explain your answers. Thanks.



try to find the main subject and verb here..

Main subject : compliance

complicance... protect adult sea turtles
Sub- Verb Problem

A,C -- > are out.

complicance...are protecting adult sea turtles
D -->out

between B and E

"laws to require" is not idiomatic

B is better.



How to find if the subject is 'compliance' and not 'laws'.... Can someone please explain ? How to find the main subject and verb in a sentence ??? :roll: :roll: :roll: :roll: :roll:
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Re: SC GMATPrep 1 Shrimp [#permalink] New post 27 Apr 2012, 19:32
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Could you please elaborate the pointers for D??
with more examples?

Minheequang wrote:
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect --> the whole modifier requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp is too wordy to modify for laws, single noun their compliance is not suitable with protect
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting -->the best: requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is a more simple participle phrase modifier for laws than that of A. Besides, is protecting is compliant with their compliance
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect -->same error of A
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting -->to + Inf here does not clearly modify for which Noun and betterly idiomatically modifies for another to + inf than a Noun. Also, are protecting is grammatical incorrect with their compliance
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting -->same error of D

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink] New post 18 Sep 2012, 07:06
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"laws to require..." isn't a correct idiom if you're discussing the actual text of the laws themselves. if you were discussing the ultimate purpose of those laws, then this could be idiomatic.
examples:
laws specifying long jail sentences for drunk drivers --> correct (___ing), since that's what the laws actually specify.
laws to specify long jail sentences for drunk drivers --> incorrect (that's not the ultimate purpose of the laws)
laws to discourage drunk driving --> correct (this IS actually the ultimate purpose of the laws)

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Re: SC GMATPrep 1 Shrimp [#permalink] New post 24 Feb 2009, 23:21
compliance is singular
hence A C and D OUT
between B and E
IMO E
compliance to require is Idiomatic

eileen1017 wrote:
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

Please explain your answers. Thanks.

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Re: SC GMATPrep 1 Shrimp [#permalink] New post 25 Feb 2009, 01:56
nitya34 wrote:
compliance is singular
hence A C and D OUT
between B and E
IMO E
compliance to require is Idiomatic


Hi nitya,
Could you please explain how compliance being a singular will affect the outcome of the options A, C and D.

I have outlined the corrections which if correct would have made these sentences acceptable. Please correct me if I am wrong

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets to protect
B. I can't tell wat is wrong with the setence, but it doesn't sound right.
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets to protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets which are protecting
E. This is the right option.
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Re: SC GMATPrep 1 Shrimp [#permalink] New post 25 Feb 2009, 06:06
aielman wrote:
nitya34 wrote:
compliance is singular
hence A C and D OUT
between B and E
IMO E
compliance to require is Idiomatic


Hi nitya,
Could you please explain how compliance being a singular will affect the outcome of the options A, C and D.

I have outlined the corrections which if correct would have made these sentences acceptable. Please correct me if I am wrong

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets to protect
B. I can't tell wat is wrong with the setence, but it doesn't sound right.
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets to protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets which are protecting
E. This is the right option.



I'm not sure whether "to require" is a proper construction. I think B is the right one. I'll appreciate some explanation from the pros here...
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Re: SC GMATPrep 1 Shrimp [#permalink] New post 11 May 2009, 08:11
agreed with B

now I have one hypothetical Q

if there is protect(s) instead of protect in option C

which one to choose from? B or C?

B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect


NOTE: This Q is now @ OG 12#133
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Re: SC GMATPrep 1 Shrimp   [#permalink] 11 May 2009, 08:11
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