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Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were

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Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were [#permalink] New post 09 Aug 2007, 08:37
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  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

70% (02:43) correct 30% (01:32) wrong based on 358 sessions
Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were created. Will this year bring another record? Well, a new manufacturing job is created either within an existing company or by the start-up of a new company. Within existing firms, new jobs have been created this year at well below last year’s record pace. At the same time, there is considerable evidence that the number of new companies starting up will be no higher this year than it was last year, and surely the new companies starting up this year will create no more jobs per company than did last year’s start-ups. Clearly, it can be concluded that the number of new jobs created this year will fall short of last year’s record.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a prediction that, if accurate, would provide support for the main conclusion of the argument;
the second is that main conclusion.
(B) The first is a prediction that, if accurate, would provide support for the main conclusion of the argument;
the second is a conclusion drawn in order to support that main conclusion.
(C) The first is an objection that the argument rejects; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.
(D) The first is an objection that the argument rejects; the second presents a conclusion that could be drawn
if that objection were allowed to stand.
(E) The first is a claim that has been advanced in support of a position that the argument opposes; the second
is a claim advanced in support of the main conclusion of the argument.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by WaterFlowsUp on 14 Sep 2014, 05:37, edited 1 time in total.
The question has been changed to the proper OG version.
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Re: Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were [#permalink] New post 09 Aug 2007, 08:58
ajisha wrote:
Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were created. Will this year
bring another record? Well, any new manufacturing job is created either within
an existing company or by the start-up of a new company.
Within existing firms,
new jobs have been created this year at well below last year’s record pace. At the
same time, there is considerable evidence that the number of new companies starting
up this year will be no higher than it was last year and there is no reason to think
that the new companies starting up this year will create more jobs per company
than did last year’s start-ups.
So clearly, the number of new jobs created this year
will fall short of last year’s record.
In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following
roles?
A. The first provides evidence in support of the main conclusion of the argument;
the second is a claim that argument challenges.
B. The first is a generalization that the argument seeks to establish; the second is
a conclusion that the argument draws in order to support that generalization.
C. The first is a generalization that the argument seeks to establish; the second is
a judgment that has been advanced in order to challenge that generalization.
D. The first is presented as obvious truth on which the argument is based; the
second is a claim that has been advanced in support of a position that the
argument opposes.
E. The first is presented as obvious truth on which the argument is based; the second is a
judgment advanced in support of the main conclusion of the argument.


Between D and E, I feel E is more appropriate..
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Re: Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were [#permalink] New post 09 Aug 2007, 09:09
i was also down to D or E!!! picking E although I'm not 100% sure...
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Re: Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were [#permalink] New post 09 Aug 2007, 09:13
Straight E...the argument doesnt oppose the final position...it begins by asking an answer to a question and finally ends up taking a particular position after discussion.
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Re: Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were [#permalink] New post 09 Aug 2007, 09:24
vineetgupta wrote:
Straight E...the argument doesnt oppose the final position...it begins by asking an answer to a question and finally ends up taking a particular position after discussion.


Well, IMO, the argument does seem to be OPPOSING an implicit assumption that because last year the jobs were great so this year too they would be great. The argument seems to be advocating a stance against this position (though this position has not been stated anywhere in the passage) - but the TONE implies it.


Anyway - E finally rules.
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Re: Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were [#permalink] New post 09 Aug 2007, 09:35
dwivedys wrote:
vineetgupta wrote:
Straight E...the argument doesnt oppose the final position...it begins by asking an answer to a question and finally ends up taking a particular position after discussion.


Well, IMO, the argument does seem to be OPPOSING an implicit assumption that because last year the jobs were great so this year too they would be great. The argument seems to be advocating a stance against this position (though this position has not been stated anywhere in the passage) - but the TONE implies it.


Anyway - E finally rules.


You are right...the author uses a negative tone to support his conclusion.
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Re: Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were [#permalink] New post 12 Aug 2007, 00:41
ajisha wrote:
Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were created. Will this year
bring another record? Well, any new manufacturing job is created either within
an existing company or by the start-up of a new company.
Within existing firms,
new jobs have been created this year at well below last year’s record pace. At the
same time, there is considerable evidence that the number of new companies starting
up this year will be no higher than it was last year and there is no reason to think
that the new companies starting up this year will create more jobs per company
than did last year’s start-ups.
So clearly, the number of new jobs created this year
will fall short of last year’s record.
In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following
roles?
A. The first provides evidence in support of the main conclusion of the argument;
the second is a claim that argument challenges.
B. The first is a generalization that the argument seeks to establish; the second is
a conclusion that the argument draws in order to support that generalization.
C. The first is a generalization that the argument seeks to establish; the second is
a judgment that has been advanced in order to challenge that generalization.
D. The first is presented as obvious truth on which the argument is based; the
second is a claim that has been advanced in support of a position that the
argument opposes.
E. The first is presented as obvious truth on which the argument is based; the second is a
judgment advanced in support of the main conclusion of the argument.


Can we please have the OA? Thanks.
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Re: Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were [#permalink] New post 13 Aug 2007, 22:35
agree with E

First is presented as a general statement

and the second supports the argument
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Re: Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were [#permalink] New post 14 Aug 2007, 05:47
Tough

E

I went against D because the guy isn't opposing an argument, he's making one.

I hate these questions, after a while the letters start to float around, as they do in Alphabetti's soup...... yah...... Mental Endurance
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Re: Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were [#permalink] New post 14 Aug 2007, 20:03
Good question.

I can see picking D after being mentally exhausted and halfway through GMAT.
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Re: Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were [#permalink] New post 24 Aug 2014, 04:09
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were [#permalink] New post 31 Aug 2014, 04:53
Hey guys, it's a modified question from the OG 13 --> it's not the original version. In the original version other parts of the sentence are underlined and the correct answer is A.
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Re: Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were [#permalink] New post 14 Sep 2014, 05:38
Expert's post
@BrainLab : thanks for bringing this to the notice. I have made necessary changes.
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Re: Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were   [#permalink] 14 Sep 2014, 05:38
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