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Last year if Arturo spent a total of $12,000 on his mortgage [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2012, 06:54

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Last year, if Arturo spent a total of $12,000 on his mortgage payments, real estate taxes, and home insurance, how much did he spend on his real estate taxes?

(1) Last year, the total amount that Arturo spent on his real estate taxes and home insurance was 33 1/3 percent of the amount that he spent on his mortgage payments.

(2) Last year, the amount that Arturo spent on his real estate taxes was 20 percent of the total amount he spent on his mortgage payments and home insurance.

Last year, if Arturo spent a total of $12,000 on his mortgage payments, real estate taxes, and home insurance, how much did he spend on his real estate taxes?

Let M, R, and H be the amounts that Arturo spent on mortgage payments, real estate taxes, and home insurance, respectively.

Given: M + R + H = 12,000. Question: R??

(1) Last year, the total amount that Arturo spent on his real estate taxes and home insurance was 33 1/3 percent of the amount that he spent on his mortgage payments --> 33 1/3 percent is 1/3 rd, thus given that R + H = M/3 --> M + R + H = M + M/3 = 12,000 --> M = 9,000 --> R + H = 12,000 - 9,000 = 3,000. R can take more than one value. Not sufficient.

(2) Last year, the amount that Arturo spent on his real estate taxes was 20 percent of the total amount he spent on his mortgage payments and home insurance --> given that R = (M + H)/5 --> 5R = M + H --> M + R + H = 5R + R = 12,000 --> 6R = 12,000 --> R = 2,000. Sufficient.

Re: Last year if Arturo spent a total of $12,000 on his mortgage [#permalink]

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26 May 2014, 18:43

Walkabout wrote:

Last year, if Arturo spent a total of $12,000 on his mortgage payments, real estate taxes, and home insurance, how much did he spend on his real estate taxes?

(1) Last year, the total amount that Arturo spent on his real estate taxes and home insurance was 33 1/3 percent of the amount that he spent on his mortgage payments.

(2) Last year, the amount that Arturo spent on his real estate taxes was 20 percent of the total amount he spent on his mortgage payments and home insurance.

Problem: Tax+Morg+Ins=T+M+I=12 000

(1) T+I=331/3% x (12 000 -T -I) -------- (M=12 000 - T - I) Not sufficient.

1) This statement lumps together T and I, so we'll never find T. Insufficient.

2) This relates T to the rest. T = .20(M+I). The ratio of T to other is 1 to 5, so the ratio of T to total is 1 to 6. We can now solve (1/6 of $12,000 is $2,000), but as soon as we see that we know the relation of T to the other parts (when we already know the total), we can stop. Sufficient.
_________________

Dmitry Farber | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | New York

Re: Last year if Arturo spent a total of $12,000 on his mortgage [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2015, 17:44

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Re: Last year if Arturo spent a total of $12,000 on his mortgage [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2016, 04:22

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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