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# Last year, the government of country A imposed large tariffs

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Director
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Last year, the government of country A imposed large tariffs [#permalink]  09 Sep 2010, 19:16
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Last year, the government of country A imposed large tariffs on steel imports in an effort to aid its domestic steel industry. Many domestic steel producers enjoyed record profits as a result, as foreign steel producers were in many cases unable to compete effectively under the burden of the newly imposed tariffs.

Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the passage?

a) Not all steel producers were unaffected by country A’s newly imposed tariffs.
b) Some foreign steel producers were able to compete effectively in country A even after the new tariffs were imposed.
c) After the new tariffs were imposed, most foreign steel producers were unable to compete effectively with country A’s domestic steel producers.
d) Most domestic steel producers were able to increase their profits after the new tariffs were imposed.
e) If a government intends to protect a domestic industry, the imposition of tariffs on imports is generally an effective approach.

OA will follow
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Re: Plz explain this... [#permalink]  10 Sep 2010, 11:46
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suyashjhawar wrote:
Last year, the government of country A imposed large tariffs on steel imports in an effort to aid its domestic steel industry. Many domestic steel producers enjoyed record profits as a result, as foreign steel producers were in many cases unable to compete effectively under the burden of the newly imposed tariffs.

Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the passage?

a) Not all steel producers were unaffected by country A’s newly imposed tariffs.
b) Some foreign steel producers were able to compete effectively in country A even after the new tariffs were imposed.
c) After the new tariffs were imposed, most foreign steel producers were unable to compete effectively with country A’s domestic steel producers.
d) Most domestic steel producers were able to increase their profits after the new tariffs were imposed.
e) If a government intends to protect a domestic industry, the imposition of tariffs on imports is generally an effective approach.

A: The double-negative is a bit confusing here, but this just says 'Some steel producers were affected by the tariffs.' That's clearly true from the information given (the tariffs hampered the competitive ability of some foreign producers), so is a well-supported conclusion.

B: Foreign producers were 'in many cases' unable to compete effectively, according to the passage. This does not say 'in all cases', so there must have been a few cases where foreign producers were indeed able to compete effectively. So this is also supported by the passage.

C: We're never given information about 'most' foreign steel producers (the passage only says 'in many cases', not 'in most cases'), so you can rule out C without even reading past the first three words.

D: Again, we aren't given any information about 'most' domestic steel producers, so this can't be right.

E: We learn that in one specific example, tariffs were useful. It would be a huge stretch to generalize from this example that tariffs are always useful - the steel industry might be different in very important respects from other industries. So E is not all that well supported, even if this answer appears tempting at first.

I don't see any way to distinguish between answers A and B here; both are perfectly well-supported conclusions from the information given. I'm wondering if there's a typo in A (the double-negative in A is simply bizarre), and if it is intended to read 'affected' instead of 'unaffected' - in that case A would be a bad answer, and B would be the only good answer here.
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Re: Plz explain this... [#permalink]  09 Sep 2010, 19:58
suyashjhawar wrote:
Last year, the government of country A imposed large tariffs on steel imports in an effort to aid its domestic steel industry. Many domestic steel producers enjoyed record profits as a result, as foreign steel producers were in many cases unable to compete effectively under the burden of the newly imposed tariffs.

Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the passage?

a) Not all steel producers were unaffected by country A’s newly imposed tariffs.
b) Some foreign steel producers were able to compete effectively in country A even after the new tariffs were imposed.
c) After the new tariffs were imposed, most foreign steel producers were unable to compete effectively with country A’s domestic steel producers.
d) Most domestic steel producers were able to increase their profits after the new tariffs were imposed.
e) If a government intends to protect a domestic industry, the imposition of tariffs on imports is generally an effective approach.

OA will follow

My choice is E. Reasons for choosing E is because it is the most generic conclusion of the passage.

All other choices have "Not all"(Option A), "Some"(Option B), "Most" (Option C and D) word in them. The presence of these words makes the conclusion ambiguous.
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Re: Plz explain this... [#permalink]  09 Sep 2010, 20:22
I chose E based on the following premises/logic:

where "->" means "implies" or "results in"

Imposing large tariffs -> foreign companies unable to compete -> record profits for domestic companies...THEREFORE...E fits best here.
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Re: Plz explain this... [#permalink]  09 Sep 2010, 21:41
Even i went for E.However OA is not E.Source-Powerscore material
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Re: Plz explain this... [#permalink]  09 Sep 2010, 21:58
Will go with C. It summarizes the premises in the passage effectively.
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Re: Plz explain this... [#permalink]  09 Sep 2010, 22:03
IMO:B ---as foreign steel producers were in many cases unable to compete effectively under the burden of the newly imposed tariffs.--- so there are some cases in which foreign steel producers are able to compete effectively under the burden of the newly imposed tariffs.
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Re: Plz explain this... [#permalink]  09 Sep 2010, 23:08
+1 B ..I thought I was the only one holding the flag for B till I found Varun!
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Re: Plz explain this... [#permalink]  10 Sep 2010, 02:33
C looks better to me.
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Re: Plz explain this... [#permalink]  10 Sep 2010, 06:18
E seems to correct. If we use the information given in statement as correct, we can conclude that imposing tariff helps domestic markets. Hence, we can draw conclusion E, which will be supported by the statement itself. The rest seem to be drawn straight from the statement itself.

A, B & C seem to be the same thing mentioned in different ways. D is given to us, we don't need to conclude that.
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Last edited by adishail on 10 Sep 2010, 10:57, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Plz explain this... [#permalink]  10 Sep 2010, 08:47
Down to A or C....WIll go with C
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Re: Plz explain this... [#permalink]  10 Sep 2010, 09:15
Will go with B.

a) Not all steel producers were unaffected by country A’s newly imposed tariffs. -- Not in relation to the arg
b) Some foreign steel producers were able to compete effectively in country A even after the new tariffs were imposed. -- Correct One
c) After the new tariffs were imposed, most foreign steel producers were unable to compete effectively with country A’s domestic steel producers.
d) Most domestic steel producers were able to increase their profits after the new tariffs were imposed.
e) If a government intends to protect a domestic industry, the imposition of tariffs on imports is generally an effective approach. -- OOS
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Re: Plz explain this... [#permalink]  10 Sep 2010, 10:13
I will go with B.
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Re: Plz explain this... [#permalink]  10 Sep 2010, 12:00
Thanks for your explanation. Guess, I was just stretching it too far with E .......... A & B both look good. Wonder what is the OA.
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Re: Plz explain this... [#permalink]  10 Sep 2010, 18:10
OA IS A.As Ian pointed out,never seen a double negative.But actually if you give an insight,A is true indeed.But could anyone tell why B is wrong?Phew its a typical type.Ian kudos to you.
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Re: Plz explain this... [#permalink]  10 Sep 2010, 20:35
IanStewart wrote:
E: We learn that in one specific example, tariffs were useful. It would be a huge stretch to generalize from this example that tariffs are always useful - the steel industry might be different in very important respects from other industries. So E is not all that well supported, even if this answer appears tempting at first.

I don't see any way to distinguish between answers A and B here; both are perfectly well-supported conclusions from the information given. I'm wondering if there's a typo in A (the double-negative in A is simply bizarre), and if it is intended to read 'affected' instead of 'unaffected' - in that case A would be a bad answer, and B would be the only good answer here.

I agree. It was a huge stretch to generalize the the increase in the tariff of the steel imports alone. +1 to you.
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Re: Plz explain this...   [#permalink] 10 Sep 2010, 20:35
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